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Ethiopia's Productive Safety Net Program: Power, Politics and Practice

Published on Jul 1, 2016in Journal of International Development1.027
· DOI :10.1002/jid.3234
Logan Cochrane6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UBC: University of British Columbia),
Y. Tamiru1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
With one third of the population living in poverty and millions experiencing chronic food insecurity, the government of Ethiopia faces difficult and complex challenges. One of the most robust and effective social protection efforts is the Productive Safety Net Program, which has served more than seven million people since 2005. This article explores the role of power and politics and posits that the maintenance of political control explains why components of the program are not implemented as planned. We focus upon everyday mundane aspects of life in rural communities wherein governmental programs entrench political control while making progress towards stated objectives. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • References (19)
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References19
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#1Guush BerhaneH-Index: 9
#2John HoddinottH-Index: 57
Last. Neha KumarH-Index: 16
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Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) is a large-scale social protection intervention aimed at improving food security and stabilizing asset levels. The PSNP contains a mix of public works employment and unconditional transfers. It is a well-targeted program; however, several years passed before payment levels reached the intended amounts. The PSNP has been successful in improving household food security. However, children’s nutritional status in the localities where the PSNP ope...
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#1de Waal AH-Index: 28
42 Citations
AbstractThis study evaluates a large social protection program in rural Ethiopia, the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP). The effectiveness of the PSNP is of interest because the program was implemented at scale in one of Africa’s poorest countries, which has limited physical and communications infrastructure and scarce administrative resources. Using longitudinal survey data collected in 2006, 2008, and 2010 at the household and locality levels, we employ an extension of the propensity scor...
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#1Sabine Planel (IRD: Institut de recherche pour le développement)H-Index: 5
This article discusses the hybridism of the Ethiopian developmental state through an analysis of the local interface between the state and the peasantry. The aim is to explore to what extent bureaucratic rationality both conditions and perverts the procedures employed in the implementation of public rural development policies, in this case agricultural extension. And to what extent development policies can operate as an instrument of power that reinforces the local disempowerment of the most vul...
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#1Kebebew FissehaH-Index: 1
Food insecurity as a consequence of drought is the most common environmental risk threatening farmers in South East Asia and Sub Saharan African. Ethiopia is one of the most food insecure countries in Sub Saharan Africa, mainly due to shortage of rainfall, plant diseases, pests and poor governances. Currently, food security is one of the Ethiopian government economic priority areas. This study has tried to identify the relatively most important assets physical, natural, financial as well as huma...
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#1Davide Chinigò (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 2
A controversial aspect of the Ethiopian ‘developmental state’ lies in the peculiar relationship between local administrative structures and farmers. This article discusses this local interface in light of the implementation of recent reforms establishing a decentralized system of land administration. The aim is to explore the discursive repertoire behind the implementation of decentralization so as to understand its significance in relation to the broader project of rural development. The articl...
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In Ethiopia, as in many other African countries, there is a pressing need to improve household food security. An emerging consensus suggests that this is most easily accomplished through two development strategies with two complementary dimensions: investments that facilitate income generation and asset accumulation, discussed elsewhere in this book, and interventions that protect the poorest from hunger, prevent asset depletion, and provide a platform for the growth interventions. Because resou...
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This article presents the stages of food security methodology, an adaptation of stages of progress developed by Dr. Krishna. Studies of food security are primarily survey based, applying a common set of generalist indicators across a range of agroecological areas and for a diverse array of people; these findings have provided a wealth of information and insight into the trends, challenges and the extent of food security on national, regional and global scales. Ethnographic and qualitative approa...
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