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A process for use of multimedia information in requirements identification and traceability

Published on Jan 1, 1992
Peggy Sharleen Lane Brouse1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
Requirements elicitation is the first step in the requirements phase of the traditional system life cycle. In requirements elicitation, requirements engineers are tasked with extracting requirements from various users. In addition to requirements elicitation, there are several other steps within the requirements phase. These include organizing the gathered requirements, analyzing them, and documenting in a System Requirements Specification (SRS). This SRS is the basis for all further software development throughout the remainder of the life cycle. For many applications, this process of elicitation, organization, analysis, and documentation has created problems, as there may be factors such as conflict, ambiguity, and inconsistency within user-stated requirements. The requirements engineer may interpret the requirements incorrectly and ultimately an unsatisfactory SRS will be created if this occurs. In the span between requirements elicitation and requirements specification, original documentation for requirements is often lost because of omission or misinterpretation of information. If requirements information is lost at this point, it most likely will never be recovered. The objectives of this research effort were to examine current requirements engineering approaches; prepare a process that addressed shortcomings in the present approaches; followed by the design, implementation, and demonstration of a domain-independent multimedia model to support this requirements elicitation and identification process. The purpose of this multimedia model is to provide support for requirements engineers in the development of requirements. During the course of this process an attribute notation for each requirement will be created so that the requirements can be traced throughout the life cycle back to the originally identified requirements information. To achieve this research objective, a Multimedia Requirements Traceability Method, which is a domain-independent requirements elicitation and identification method, was created. In addition a case study was performed in the transportation domain to demonstrate the method. The Multimedia Requirements Engineering Traceability System of this research supports elicitation of requirements from a variety of user groups; provides traceability identification for individual requirements through uniquely defined identifiers; supports assignment of non-domain specific attributes for each of the requirements; and supports assignment of domain-specific attributes for each of the requirements.
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  • Citations (7)
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Cited By7
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#2Lee Xia Sheng (Taylors University)H-Index: 2
The paper examines the imagery information and the qualitative characteristic of archiving non-bias architectural image using High Dynamic Range (HDR) imaging approach. Photography imaging became possible in the period of 19 century, it was a combination of several different scientific discoveries. Architectural photo imaging began with monochrome recording limitation, and the dynamic range recorded was inadequate even with analog color film. Often it was arguable if the photography image would ...
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#1Senthil K. Sundaram (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 15
OF DISSERTATION Senthil Karthikeyan Sundaram The Graduate School University of Kentucky 2007 REQUIREMENTS TRACING USING INFORMATION RETRIEVAL ABSTRACT OF DISSERTATIONOF DISSERTATION A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the College of Engineering at the University of Kentucky By Senthil Karthikeyan Sundaram Lexington, Kentucky Director: Dr. Jane Huffman Hayes, Associate Professor of Computer Science Lexington, Kentucky 2007 ...
#1Jane Huffman Hayes (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 26
#2Alex Dekhtyar (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 26
Last. Senthil K. Sundaram (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 15
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This paper addresses the issues related to improving the overall quality of the dynamic candidate link generation for the requirements tracing process for verification and validation and independent verification and validation analysts. The contribution of the paper is four-fold: we define goals for a tracing tool based on analyst responsibilities in the tracing process, we introduce several new measures for validating that the goals have been satisfied, we implement analyst feedback in the trac...
379 CitationsSource
#1Jane Huffman Hayes (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 26
#2Alex Dekhtyar (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 26
Last. S. Howard (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 1
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This work addresses the issues related to improving the overall quality of the requirements tracing process for independent verification and validation analysts. The contribution of the paper is three-fold: we define requirements for a tracing tool based on analyst responsibilities in the tracing process; we introduce several measures for validating that the requirements have been satisfied; and we present a prototype tool that we built, RETRO (REquirements TRacing On-target), to address these r...
91 CitationsSource
#1Jane Huffman Hayes (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 26
#2Alex Dekhtyar (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 26
Last. J. Osborne (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 1
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We present an approach for improving requirements tracing based on framing it as an information retrieval (IR) problem. Specifically, we focus on improving recall and precision in order to reduce the number of missed traceability links as well as to reduce the number of irrelevant potential links that an analyst has to examine when performing requirements tracing. Several IR algorithms were adapted and implemented to address this problem. We evaluated our algorithms by comparing their results an...
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#1S. Gulu Gambhir (GW: George Washington University)H-Index: 1
System developments are frequently unsuccessful as measured in performance, cost, and schedule dimensions. Previous research has traced many development problems to poor system requirements. A method called Facilitator-Assisted Requirements Elicitation (FARE), which employs a technical facilitator for discussion of requirements based on a Concept of Operations (CONOPS) Matrix, is developed and tested. A 2 × 2 factorial design was used to examine the effects of two independent variables on the FA...
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#1James D. Palmer (GMU: George Mason University)H-Index: 5
#2N.A. Fields (GMU: George Mason University)H-Index: 2
Last. P. Lane Brouse (GMU: George Mason University)H-Index: 1
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Research in computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW) has concentrated on developing techniques and support systems for groups of tightly coupled individuals focused on activities such as group writing and design development. A natural extension involves group decision-support systems (GDSS) that can assist multiple groups working in different places at different times. Our work extends the GDSS approach to a multigroup decision-support system (MGDSS) and uses the advanced integrated requiremen...
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