Match!

Skinny Is Not Enough: A Content Analysis of Fitspiration on Pinterest

Published on May 4, 2017in Health Communication1.85
· DOI :10.1080/10410236.2016.1140273
Courtney C. Simpson6
Estimated H-index: 6
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University),
Suzanne E. Mazzeo30
Estimated H-index: 30
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)
Cite
Abstract
ABSTRACTFitspiration is a relatively new social media trend nominally intended to promote health and fitness. Fitspiration messages are presented as encouraging; however, they might also engender body dissatisfaction and compulsive exercise. This study analyzed fitspiration content (n = 1050) on the image-based social media platform Pinterest. Independent raters coded the images and text present in the posts. Messages were categorized as appearance- or health-related, and coded for Social Cognitive Theory constructs: standards, behaviors, and outcome expectancies. Messages encouraged appearance-related body image standards and weight management behaviors more frequently than health-related standards and behaviors, and emphasized attractiveness as motivation to partake in such behaviors. Results also indicated that fitspiration messages include a comparable amount of fit praise (i.e., emphasis on toned/defined muscles) and thin praise (i.e., emphasis on slenderness), suggesting that women are not only supp...
  • References (39)
  • Citations (28)
Cite
References39
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2016in International Journal of Eating Disorders3.52
Leah Boepple3
Estimated H-index: 3
(USF: University of South Florida),
J. Kevin Thompson70
Estimated H-index: 70
(USF: University of South Florida)
Objective “Pro-ana” or Thinspiration websites are internet sites that support weight loss and eating disorders. Fitspiration websites are a newer type of site that supposedly advocates a fit and healthy lifestyle. Method The first 10 images from a sample of 50 Fitspiration and 50 Thinspiration websites, chosen using a standard internet search protocol, were rated on a variety of weight, eating, and appearance characteristics. χ2 analyses were conducted to compare website content. Results Thinspi...
Published on Nov 2, 2015in Health Communication1.85
Silvia Knobloch-Westerwick26
Estimated H-index: 26
(OSU: Ohio State University)
Much research has demonstrated negative impacts of idealized-body imagery exposure on body satisfaction. Yet, paradoxically, media with such imagery attract mass audiences. Few studies showed women’s body satisfaction increased due to thin-ideal exposure. The kind of social comparison women engage in (self-evaluation vs. self-improvement) may explain these inconsistent findings and the paradoxical attraction to thin-ideal messages. Across 5 days, thin-ideal messages were presented to 51 women; s...
Published on Sep 1, 2015in Vaccine3.27
Jeanine P.D. Guidry6
Estimated H-index: 6
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University),
Kellie E. Carlyle6
Estimated H-index: 6
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)
+ 1 AuthorsYan Jin24
Estimated H-index: 24
(UGA: University of Georgia)
Vaccination is an effective public health tool for reducing morbidity and mortality caused by infectious diseases. However, increasing numbers of parents question the safety of vaccines or refuse to vaccinate their children outright. The Internet is playing a significant role in the growing voice of the anti-vaccination movement as a growing number of people use the Internet to obtain health information, including information about vaccines. Given the role the Internet plays in providing vaccina...
Published on Sep 1, 2015in Body Image3.12
Marika Tiggemann74
Estimated H-index: 74
(Flinders University),
Mia Zaccardo3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Flinders University)
Abstract Fitspiration is an online trend designed to inspire viewers towards a healthier lifestyle by promoting exercise and healthy food. The present study aimed to experimentally investigate the impact of fitspiration images on women's body image. Participants were 130 female undergraduate students who were randomly assigned to view either a set of Instagram fitspiration images or a control set of travel images presented on an iPad. Results showed that acute exposure to fitspiration images led...
Published on Sep 1, 2015in International Journal of Eating Disorders3.52
Marla E. Eisenberg54
Estimated H-index: 54
(UMN: University of Minnesota),
Ashley Carlson-Mcguire1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
+ 1 AuthorsDianne Neumark-Sztainer101
Estimated H-index: 101
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
Objective This study provides updated information regarding the prevalence and characteristics of weight stigma in popular adolescent television programming, using a sample of favorite shows named by diverse adolescents. Method Participants in a large, population-based study of Minnesota adolescents (N = 2,793, mean age = 14.4) listed their top three favorite television shows. A coding instrument was developed to analyze randomly selected episodes from the most popular 10 programs. Weight-stigma...
Published on Jun 1, 2015in Body Image3.12
Jannath Ghaznavi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis),
Laramie D. Taylor12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
Abstract The present study extends research on thinspiration images, visual and/or textual images intended to inspire weight loss, from pro-eating disorder websites to popular photo-sharing social media websites. The article reports on a systematic content analysis of thinspiration images ( N = 300) on Twitter and Pinterest . Images tended to be sexually suggestive and objectifying with a focus on ultra-thin, bony, scantily-clad women. Results indicated that particular social media channels and ...
Published on Dec 1, 2014in Sex Roles2.28
Richard M. Perloff19
Estimated H-index: 19
(CSU: Cleveland State University)
Although there is a voluminous literature on mass media effects on body image concerns of young adult women in the U.S., there has been relatively little theoretically-driven research on processes and effects of social media on young women’s body image and self-perceptions. Yet given the heavy online presence of young adults, particularly women, and their reliance on social media, it is important to appreciate ways that social media can influence perceptions of body image and body image disturba...
Published on Jul 1, 2014in International Journal of Eating Disorders3.52
Annalise G. Mabe1
Estimated H-index: 1
(FSU: Florida State University),
K. Jean Forney9
Estimated H-index: 9
(FSU: Florida State University),
Pamela K. Keel59
Estimated H-index: 59
(FSU: Florida State University)
Objective Social media sites, such as Facebook, merge two factors that influence risk for eating disorders: media and peers. Previous work has identified cross-sectional and temporal associations between Facebook use and disordered eating. This study sought to replicate and extend these findings using an experimental design. Method In Study 1, 960 women completed self-report surveys regarding Facebook use and disordered eating. In Study 2, 84 women were randomly assigned to use Facebook or to us...
Published on Jun 1, 2014in Journal of Early Adolescence1.75
Marika Tiggemann74
Estimated H-index: 74
(Flinders University),
Amy Slater21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Flinders University)
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between media exposure and body image concerns in preteenage girls, with a particular focus on the Internet. A sample of 189 girls (aged 10-12 years) completed questionnaire measures of media consumption and body image concerns. Nearly all girls (97.5%) had access to the Internet in their home. Time spent on-line was significantly related to internalization of the thin ideal (as was time reading magazines and watching television), body surveil...
Published on May 27, 2014in Journal of Public Relations Research2.13
Gregory D. Saxton18
Estimated H-index: 18
(UB: University at Buffalo),
Richard D. Waters19
Estimated H-index: 19
(USF: University of San Francisco)
Although public relations scholarship has often discussed the possibilities of dialogue and engagement using social media, research has not truly explored this dynamic. Instead, research on social media platforms has focused on measuring the content and structure of organizational profiles. This study seeks to enhance the field's discussion about social media engagement by determining what organizational content individual stakeholders prefer on Facebook in terms of liking, commenting, and shari...
Cited By28
Newest
Published on Sep 26, 2017in Journal of Adolescent Research2.07
Einav Segev , Yael Hochman1
Estimated H-index: 1
This qualitative study focuses on blogs written by Israeli girls, aged 14 to 18, concerning their body and the developmental process of identity construction. Using a sociocultural approach, the study examined the ways in which the girls write about their bodies, what issues they raise in their blogs concerning their body and identity, and what blog writing about the body offers to them in the process of identity construction. A combination of thematic-categorical analysis and structural-linguis...
Published on Sep 1, 2019in Body Image3.12
Scott Griffiths14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Melbourne),
Ashleigh Stefanovski (University of Melbourne)
Abstract We used experience sampling to examine thinspiration and fitspiration in the everyday lives of women and men. Undergraduates ( N = 108, 21% men) completed a 1-week smartphone-facilitated experience sampling protocol containing self-report measures of thinspiration and fitspiration exposure, body satisfaction, and affective functioning. Multi-level, gender-adjusted models examined the unique and interactive associations of exposure to thinspiration and fitspiration. Women reported a week...
Published on Feb 15, 2019in Health Education & Behavior2.19
Jeanine P.D. Guidry6
Estimated H-index: 6
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University),
Eric G. Benotsch33
Estimated H-index: 33
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)
Chronic pain is an increasing public health concern, with an associated poor quality of life. Social media platforms play an increasing role in health communication issues, but visual platforms such as Pinterest are understudied. This study analyzed 502 Pinterest posts for chronic pain–related variables, including health belief model constructs, as well as measures of social support and coping mechanisms. Most pins mentioned the high severity of chronic pain, and a third mentioned self-efficacy ...
Published on Jul 24, 2019in Sport Education and Society1.96
María José Camacho-Miñano2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Complutense University of Madrid),
Sarah MacIsaac2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Edin.: University of Edinburgh),
Emma Rich11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Bath)
ABSTRACTSocial media can become a site of public pedagogy (Rich, E., & Miah, A. (2014). Understanding digital health as public pedagogy: A critical framework. Societies, 4(2), 296–315. doi:10.3390/soc4020296) through which young people learn about health and fitness. Photo and video-sharing social networks are emerging as sites of media practices through which images of the perfect fit body circulate, popularly known as ‘fitspiration’ media. Our research examines how girls and young women negoti...
Published on Apr 10, 2018in Translational behavioral medicine2.24
Smita C. Banerjee17
Estimated H-index: 17
(MSK: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center),
Vivian M. Rodríguez7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 1 AuthorsJennifer L. Hay28
Estimated H-index: 28
(MSK: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center)
Published on Jul 12, 2019in Substance Use & Misuse1.38
Linnea I. Laestadius8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee),
Jeanine P.D. Guidry6
Estimated H-index: 6
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)
+ 1 AuthorsJazzmyne Adams (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Body Image3.12
Diana E. Betz3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Loyola University Maryland),
Natalie J. Sabik6
Estimated H-index: 6
(URI: University of Rhode Island),
Laura R. Ramsey9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Bridgewater State University)
Abstract Body dissatisfaction and self-objectification can arise when women view idealized thin bodies, as well as idealized athletic or curvy bodies. State-level social comparisons have been shown to mediate such effects, with mixed evidence for the moderating role of trait-level social comparison. An experiment tested the hypotheses that viewing messages idealizing thin, athletic, and curvy bodies would be associated with greater state social comparison as compared to a body acceptance conditi...
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Body Image3.12
Rachel Cohen3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UTS: University of Technology, Sydney),
Lauren Irwin3
Estimated H-index: 3
(USYD: University of Sydney)
+ 1 AuthorsAmy Slater21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of the West of England)
Abstract In the last decade, the body image literature has begun to extend beyond a primary focus on body image disturbances and examine the construct of positive body image. Similarly, “Body positivity” is a growing social media trend that seeks to challenge dominant societal appearance ideals and promote acceptance and appreciation of all bodies and appearances. The present study provides a content analysis of body positive posts on Instagram. A set of 640 Instagram posts sampled from popular ...
Published on May 4, 2019in Fat Studies
Jennifer B. Webb12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte),
Erin Vinoski Thomas1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)
+ 3 AuthorsDavina Y. Putz1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)
ABSTRACTContemporary fat studies scholarship seeks to challenge and critique the normative weightist lens through which modern social media for example stereotypically represent the embodiment of higher-weight individuals or the typical underrepresentation of body diversity in the cases of mainstream Fitspiration and yoga lifestyle media. Simultaneously, proponents of the fat acceptance/body positivity movement are currently at odds over the increasingly expansive appropriation of the term curvy...
View next paper‘Strong is the new skinny’: A content analysis of #fitspiration images on Instagram: