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Compliance with standard precautions among baccalaureate nursing students in a Saudi university: A self-report study.

Published on Jul 1, 2017in Journal of Infection and Public Health2.487
· DOI :10.1016/j.jiph.2016.06.005
Paolo C. Colet7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Shaqra University),
Jonas Preposi Cruz8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Shaqra University)
+ 2 AuthorsSheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam22
Estimated H-index: 22
Sources
Abstract
Meticulous observance of standard infection control precautions by health care providers is strongly recommended for every patient encounter. Assessment of nursing students compliance should be carried out regularly in order to ensure adherence to protocols. Thus, this study was conducted to assess self-reported compliance with standard precautions among baccalaureates in nursing students in a Saudi university. A convenience sample of 236 nursing students was surveyed in this cross-sectional, self-reported study, using the Compliance with Standard Precaution Scale Arabic version (CSPS-A). Independent t-test and one-way analyses of variance (ANOVA) were performed to examine the differences on compliance. A multiple regression analysis was performed to identify the factors affecting compliance. The overall compliance rate was 61.0%. The students reported highest compliance in disposing used sharp instruments and other sharp objects into sharps-only boxes, while the lowest compliance rate in using water only for hand washing. Significant differences in compliance were observed when respondents were grouped according to their demographic characteristics. Cultivating a supportive culture of adherence to infection control precautions among nursing students is of paramount importance. The clinical environment should be supportive of a culture where strict compliance with the control and prevention of infection is of prime importance. (C) 2016 King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences.
  • References (38)
  • Citations (5)
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References38
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#1Jonas Preposi Cruz (Shaqra University)H-Index: 8
#2Paolo C. Colet (Shaqra University)H-Index: 7
Last. Charlie P. Cruz (UW: University of Wyoming)H-Index: 5
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Summary Strict compliance with standard precautions (SPs) is warranted to ensure the safety of patients in healthcare facilities. Nursing students (NSs), who are regarded as nurses in training, potentially play a role in cross-contamination in the hospital. NSs are also at high risk of acquiring infections in cases of ineffective compliance with SPs. Thus, an assessment of NSs’ compliance with SPs should be conducted on a regular basis, which necessitates a valid and reliable tool. This study wa...
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#1Jonas Preposi Cruz (Shaqra University)H-Index: 8
#2Meshrif Ahmad Bashtawi (Shaqra University)H-Index: 1
Summary Hand hygiene is an important component of infection control, which is critical to ensuring patients’ safety in hospitals. Nursing students are regarded as healthcare workers in training and can also be vehicles of cross-contamination within the hospital. Thus, this study aimed to identify the predictors of hand hygiene practice among Saudi nursing students. A descriptive, cross-sectional, self-reported study was conducted among 198 Saudi nursing students. Knowledge, attitude, and practic...
12 CitationsSource
#1Amanda J. Hessels (Columbia University)H-Index: 5
#2Elaine Larson (Columbia University)H-Index: 70
Standard precaution (SP) adherence is universally suboptimal, despite being a core component of healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) prevention and healthcare worker (HCW) safety. Emerging evidence suggests that patient safety climate (PSC) factors may improve HCW behaviours. Our aim was to examine the relationship between PSC and SP adherence by HCWs in acute care hospitals. A systematic review was conducted as guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis. ...
15 CitationsSource
#1Jonas Preposi Cruz (Shaqra University)H-Index: 8
#2Charlie P. CruzH-Index: 5
Last. Abdullah Suleiman Diab Al-Otaibi (Shaqra University)H-Index: 2
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Hand hygiene is a very simple set of procedure but has a great impact to health. It is the most common method of infection control in any health care setting and is a fundamental element of patient safety. Student nurses have direct contact to patients and other members of the healthcare team during their tour of duty. Thus, it is essential to evaluate their knowledge, attitude, practice and performance of hand hygiene and understand the differences between genders. This cross-sectional study wa...
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#1Omar M. AL-Rawajfah (Al al-Bayt University)H-Index: 6
#2Ahmad Tubaishat (Al al-Bayt University)H-Index: 10
Summary Background The main purpose of this web-based survey was to evaluate Jordanian nursing students' knowledge and practice of standard precautions. Methods A cross-sectional, descriptive design was used. Six public and four private Jordanian universities were invited to participate in the study. Approximately, seventeen hundred nursing students in the participating universities were invited via the students' portal on the university electronic system. For schools without an electronic syste...
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Last. Hiu Man Mak (Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital)H-Index: 1
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Background We aimed to investigate the frequency of standard precautions (SPs) compliance and the factors affecting the compliance among nursing students (NSs). Methods A cross-sectional survey study guided by the health belief model was conducted in 2009. The study questionnaire is valid (content validity index, 0.81) and reliable (Cronbach α range, 0.65-0.94). Results There were 678 questionnaires analyzed, with a response rate of 68.9%. The mean frequency score of SPs compliance was 4.38 ± 0....
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#1Fernanda Maria Vieira Pereira (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 7
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Last. Elucir Gir (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 22
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The Standard Precautions (SP) are measures to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens, and should be used by health professionals in the care of all patients regardless of their condition of infection. However, suboptimal compliance with SP has been consistently reported in the nursing literature. This study evaluated the differences of compliance with SP among nurses from Brazil and Hong Kong. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2 countries—Hong Kong and Brazil...
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#1Kyung Mi KimH-Index: 2
#2Hyunjin Oh (Gachon University)H-Index: 6
summary Purpose: During clinical placements, nursing students who come into close contact with patients and provide nursing interventions may be exposed to harmful pathogens. However, little is known about nursing students' experiences with standard precautions (SP) in clinical settings. Methods: We conducted interviews with six focus groups of nursing students (n ¼ 38) from two universities in South Korea. The focus group interviews each took 90e120 minutes and included 6e7 participants from tw...
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#1Brett G Mitchell (Avondale College)H-Index: 15
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Background In recent year, national bodies have been actively addressing the increasing concern on the spread of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). The current study measures the knowledge, intentions and beliefs of third-year Australian nursing students on key infection prevention and control (IPC) concepts.
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Standard precautions should be applied to prevent health care-associated infections during every nursing activity. However, adherence to standard precautions was reported to be inadequate. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the rates of standard precaution adherence and the association between perception of patient safety management and standard precaution adherence. In this cross-sectional descriptive study, a convenience sample of nurses was recruited from a university-affiliated teaching...
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Abstract Background The risk of acquiring and spreading infection must be minimized in nursing students because they are exposed to healthcare-associated infections during clinical training. To achieve this goal, students should be knowledgeable and competent in infection control practice before proceeding to their training hospitals. Objectives This study assessed the nursing students' perception of the infection prevention climate in training hospitals in Saudi Arabia. It also examined the pre...
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Background: The compliance with Standard Precautions (SPs) guidelines, as a primary strategy for the prevention of healthcare associated infections, is still suboptimal among healthcare providers. However, no instrument measuring nurses’ compliance with SPs is available in Italian. This study aims to assess the validity and reliability of the Compliance with Standard Precaution Scale–Italian version (CSPS-It) among clinical nurses. Methods: The study consisted of two phases: (1) translation and ...
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