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Antimicrobial Potentials of Yaji-Spices: The Constituents of a Complex Nigerian Suya Meat Sauce Inducing Histological Investigations

Ao Nwaopara3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Chilie Anibeze1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsSharon Nwaopara1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
Spices and herbs have been used for thousands of centuries as preservatives for foods and for medicinal purposes. Some of these spices and herbs possess antimicrobial potentials that may, in combination, be considered as alternatives to conventional antimicrobial agents especially in this era of antimicrobial drug resistance. Our interest however, is on the widely consumed Nigerian suya meat sauce called Yaji. It is a complex mixture of salt, ginger, clove, red pepper and black pepper, all of which, on individual basis, have established antimicrobial properties. This paper therefore highlights these all-in-one antimicrobial potentials of Yaji.
  • References (43)
  • Citations (13)
References43
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2009
Humphrey Davy Rolleston1
Estimated H-index: 1
96 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2008in Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
A.O. Nwaopara2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Ambrose Alli University),
M.A.C. Odike2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Ambrose Alli University)
+ 2 AuthorsG.I. Ewere1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Ambrose Alli University)
Allergic reactions have been associated with cloves, black pepper and mast cells. The presence of mast cells and renal fibrosis has also been reported and in line with an ongoing investigation on the effects of excessive consumption of Yaji the complex Nigerian meat sauce, this study was designed to correlate the individual and combined effects of the excessive consumption of Yaji-spices (ginger, clove, red pepper and black pepper) on the histology of the kidney, using 12 adult rabbits. The anim...
14 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2007in Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
A.O. Nwaopara2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
M.A.C. Odike2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 1 AuthorsM.I. Adoye1
Estimated H-index: 1
Yaji, otherwise ‘suya sauce’, used in serving the meat delicacy called ‘Suya’, is a complex mixture of spices and additives whose active ingredients on individual basis, are known to have side effects if consumed in excess. The growing concern is that the excessive consumption of Yaji signifies an excessive consumption of a combination of these constituents amongst which are ginger, cloves, red pepper and black pepper; which are mixed without a standardized format. This study was therefore desig...
19 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 2006in Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
R.E. Uzeh1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
R.E. Ohenhen1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
O.O. Adeniji1
Estimated H-index: 1
1 Abstract: Samples of raw meat prior to roasting, and tsire-suya were analyzed bacteriologically for total viable, coliform, staphylococcal counts and the presence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. The sensitivity of the bacterial isolates to some antibiotics and spices was evaluated. The total viable count varied from 20x10 to 289x10 cfu/g for the raw meat and 7x10 2 2 2 in tsire-suya. P. aeruginosa, B. cereus, S. aureus, and E. coli, were ...
25 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 2005in Journal of Food Safety 1.27
Gurdip Singh31
Estimated H-index: 31
(Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University),
Palanisamy Marimuthu8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University)
+ 1 AuthorsAmarinder Singh Bawa26
Estimated H-index: 26
(Defence Food Research Laboratory)
The antioxidant and antibacterial potentials of essential oils and acetone extracts of black pepper, cumin, black cumin and mace were carried out by different techniques. The antioxidative capacity of the essential oils and acetone extracts were evaluated against mustard oil by measuring peroxide and thibarbituric acid values at fixed intervals. In addition, their antioxidant potential was evaluated by 2, 2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydracyl radical and conjugated diene assays. Their reducing power was ...
67 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 2003
Michael R. Hutchings30
Estimated H-index: 30
(SAC: Scottish Agricultural College),
Spiridoula Athanasiadou20
Estimated H-index: 20
(SAC: Scottish Agricultural College)
+ 1 AuthorsIain J. Gordon56
Estimated H-index: 56
(Macaulay Institute)
Host-parasite interactions are often seen as an arms race, with parasites attempting to overcome host resistance to infection. Herbivory is a common route of transmission of parasites that represents the most pervasive challenge to mammalian growth and reproduction. The present paper reviews the foraging skills of mammalian herbivores in relation to their ability to exploit plant properties to combat parasites. The starting point is that foraging behaviour may ameliorate the impact of parasitism...
84 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 2003in Current Medicinal Chemistry 3.47
D. Kalemba1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
A. Kunicka1
Estimated H-index: 1
In recent years there has been an increasing interest in the use of natural substances, and some questions concerning the safety of synthetic compounds have encouraged more detailed studies of plant resources. Essential oils, odorous and volatile products of plant secondary metabolism, have a wide application in folk medicine, food flavouring and preservation as well as in fragrance industries. The antimicrobial properties of essential oils have been known for many centuries. In recent years (19...
999 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2001in The Journal of Food Technology in Africa
A. A. Adebesin2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
O. T. Saromi1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsS. O. Fagade2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UI: University of Ibadan)
The microbial quality of roasted groundnut , Kulikuli, Yaji and Dankwa hawked in three major areas in Bauchi, Northeastern Nigeria was determined. The microbial load of the product from from each location differs, while that of bacteria isolates ranges from 1.16±0.32x105 to 5.92±0.59 x105 colony forming units/gram (cfu/g), the fungal count ranges from 1.91±0.32 x104 to 8.60±0.22x104 cfu/g of the samples. Roasted groundnut had the highest count of micro-organisms followed by Kulikuli, then Yaji a...
11 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2000in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 5.22
M. T. E. Suller1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Cardiff University),
A.D. Russell45
Estimated H-index: 45
(Cardiff University)
Triclosan (2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether) is an antimicrobial agent used in hygiene products, plastics and kitchenware, and for treating methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) outbreaks. S. aureus strains with low-level resistance to triclosan have emerged. It has been claimed that strains with decreased susceptibility to biocides may also be less susceptible to antibiotics. We tested the susceptibility of S. aureus clinical isolates to triclosan and several antibiotics. ...
197 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 1999in Journal of Bacteriology 3.22
Tung T. Hoang9
Estimated H-index: 9
(CSU: Colorado State University),
Herbert P. Schweizer45
Estimated H-index: 45
(CSU: Colorado State University)
The Pseudomonas aeruginosa fabI structural gene, encoding enoyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) reductase, was cloned and sequenced. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that fabI is probably the last gene in a transcriptional unit that includes a gene encoding an ATP-binding protein of an ABC transporter of unknown function. The FabI protein was similar in size and primary sequence to other bacterial enoyl-ACP reductases, and it contained signature motifs for the FAD-dependent pyridine nucleotide r...
159 Citations
Cited By13
Newest
Published on Jul 3, 2015
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences (An international peer-reviewed Bi-monthly journal) is a peer-reviewed journal of high quality devoted to provide a platform to scientists and researchers all over the world, for the dissemination of knowledge in the field of Pharmaceutical, Biological and other allied sciences. The journal policy is to publish work deemed by peer reviewers to be a coherent and sound addition to scientific knowledge and to put less emphasis on interest levels, pr...
9 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 2015
Natural products are became main source for the discovery of new drugs. Ginger has strong antibacterial activity and to some extent antifungal properties. In vitro studies have shown that active constituents of ginger inhibit multiplication of colon bacteria, these bacteria ferment undigested carbohydrates causing flatulence, this can be counteracted with ginger. Traditional medicine as an alternative form of health care and reduce the microbial resistance to the available antibiotics, cost of t...
Published on Aug 1, 2014in Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 2.68
O. O. Onabanjo1
Estimated H-index: 1
(H.I., S.I.: University of Agriculture, Faisalabad),
S.A. Sanni4
Estimated H-index: 4
(H.I., S.I.: University of Agriculture, Faisalabad)
+ 2 AuthorsO. O. Obanla1
Estimated H-index: 1
(H.I., S.I.: University of Agriculture, Faisalabad)
Background Lipids in the diet have been associated with the rising prevalence of many chronic diseases. The present study aimed to provide information on total lipid, free fatty acids, triacylglycerol and cholesterol contents of some dishes consumed in northern, southern, western parts of Nigeria, as well as dishes generally consumed in all parts of Nigeria. This would result in a resource that would be used by nutritionists and dietitians in meal planning. Methods The present study is analytica...
Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2014
Nada Khazal2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Kadhim Hindi2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 2 AuthorsAdil Ghani Chabuck1
Estimated H-index: 1
Objective: An evaluation forAntibacterial activity of extracts of Zingiber officinale (ginger) against gram positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pneumonia, Streptococcus feacalis, Streptococcus mutanus, Streptococcus feacalis and gram negative bacteria Escherichia coli ,Salmonella typhi , Moraxallia catarralis, Pseudomonas aeroginosa, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella pneumonia, Enterobacter spp. Acinetobacter, Serratia spp Methods : Four ginger products ...
4 Citations
Ukoha Ukoha Ukoha5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Ogugua Augustine Egwu3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 5 AuthorsUzozie Ofoego1
Estimated H-index: 1
The aim of this histological study is to determine the effect of yaji (a Nigerian meat sauce that is indiscriminately consumed) on the anterior pituitary gland based on the fact that there is evidence that some of its constituents have excitotoxic and neurotoxic potentials. Eighteen weeks old white albino rats of an average weight of 225g were used for this study. The animals were acclimatized for two weeks and the test substance was administered for eight weeks and weighed on weekly basis. Twen...
Published on Jul 3, 2012
Dhanashri Hardas , José Ríos2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Mahendra Rai41
Estimated H-index: 41
Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2012
This study investigates Weight changes induced by ingestion of Alomo bitters (A combination of herbal constituents): Experimental study on Wistar rats. The sixteen Wistar rats (151.67 ± 2.89 grams) involved in the study were divided into four groups; a control (Group A) and three test groups (B, C and D). For 3 weeks, group A (control) received normal feed (growers mash) with distilled water only, while groups B-D (test) received normal feed with water mixed with graded quantities of Alomo Bitte...
Published on Jan 1, 2012
This study was intended to determine the effect of salt, groundnut, monosodium glutamate and spices, especially in combinations as used in Yaji , on the histology of the brain. The rats were divided into nine (9) groups (A – I) of eight rats (8) each. Groups A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, constituted the test groups whereas group I served as the control group. The rats were allowed to acclimatize for three weeks and weighed before being fed for 8 weeks with feed pellets made by mixing the test substanc...
Published on Jan 1, 2011
A. O. Nwaopara4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
A. M. Izunya4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 3 AuthorsG. P. Oyadonghon1
Estimated H-index: 1
This study on the cerebellum is one in the series of several studies aimed at determining the effects of Yaji on the histology of the brain. Eighteen-week-old white albino rats of an average weight of 170 g were used for this study and they were divided into eight (8) groups (A-H). Group A served as control while groups B-H served as the test groups. For 2 weeks, group A received normal feed only, while groups B-H received feed plus graded levels of Yaji (10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, and 70%, respect...
5 Citations