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Antimicrobial Potentials of Yaji-Spices: The Constituents of a Complex Nigerian Suya Meat Sauce Inducing Histological Investigations
Abstract
Spices and herbs have been used for thousands of centuries as preservatives for foods and for medicinal purposes. Some of these spices and herbs possess antimicrobial potentials that may, in combination, be considered as alternatives to conventional antimicrobial agents especially in this era of antimicrobial drug resistance. Our interest however, is on the widely consumed Nigerian suya meat sauce called Yaji. It is a complex mixture of salt, ginger, clove, red pepper and black pepper, all of which, on individual basis, have established antimicrobial properties. This paper therefore highlights these all-in-one antimicrobial potentials of Yaji.

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  • References (43)
  • Cited By (13)
1993 in Journal of Food Protection [IF: 1.51]
Chitra N. Wendakoon5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Morihiko Sakaguchi27
Estimated H-index: 27
The inhibitory effects of clove (0.5%) and sodium chloride (1–5%) on the growth and biogenic amine (histamine and cadaverine) production of Enterobacter aerogenes in mackerel muscle broth at 30°C were investigated. At 1% level, sodium chloride was favorable for growth, whereas higher levels slightly reduced the growth in comparison to the control. The maximum population numbers obtained in the presence of sodium chloride were essentially the same as that of the control. Amine production was rema...
62 Citations Source Cite
Mendel Friedman1
Estimated H-index: 1
1. Naturally Occurring Phenolics as Antimutagenic and Anticarcinogenic Agents.- 2. Sulfhydryl Groups and Food Safety.- 3. Interaction of Diet and Immunity.- 4. Role of Epigenetic Factors in Dietary Carcinogenesis.- 5. Defenses Against Aflatoxin Carcinogenesis in Humans.- 6. Metabolism of Food Toxicants: Saccharin and Aflatoxin B-1, A contrast in Metabolism and Toxicity.- 7. Effect of Diet on T-2 Toxicosis.- 8. Safety of Megavitamin Therapy.- 9. Prental Developmental Toxicology of Arsenicals.- 10...
62 Citations Source Cite
1999 in Journal of Food Protection [IF: 1.51]
Marlene E. Janes15
Estimated H-index: 15
,
Ramakrishna Nannapaneni14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
Michael G. Johnson31
Estimated H-index: 31
Two bacteriocin-producing bacterial strains were isolated from garlic and ginger root by the agar overlay method. The bacteria were identified by 16S rRNA sequence analyses and fermentation patterns as Leuconostoc mesenteroides (garlic isolate) and Lactococcus lactis (ginger isolate). The bacteriocins were assigned the names leucocin BC2 and lactocin GI3, respectively. Physiochemical properties and antimicrobial spectra of the bacteriocins were determined by the spot-on-lawn method. Both bacteri...
51 Citations Source Cite
Summary A paper-chromatographic method for detecting antimicrobial substances in plant extracts is presented. The various extracts of egg-plant produced 95 active spots. The leaves yielded the highest number of active spots, followed by the stems and the roots. Most of the active spots (58.9 %) caused a medium zone of inhibition, 20% caused a narrow zone, and 21.1 % a wide zone of inhibition.
4 Citations Source Cite
Robert Stanley Goodhart1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Maurice E. Shils1
Estimated H-index: 1
Modern nutrition in health and disease , Modern nutrition in health and disease , کتابخانه دیجیتال جندی شاپور اهواز
3,284 Citations Download PDF
1981 in Avian Diseases [IF: 1.33]
Bernier G1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Morin M1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Marsolais G1
Estimated H-index: 1
SUMMARY High mortality rates have been reported in budgerigars between one and 15 days of age in 19 aviaries in the Province of Quebec. The most consistent signs of disease were abdominal distention, lack of down feathers on the back and abdomen, lack of filoplumes on the head and neck, and retarded growth of the tail and contour feathers in birds that either survived or died later. Internal gross lesions were hydropericardium, enlarged heart and liver with multiple pinpoint white spots or large...
84 Citations Source Cite
M. T. F. Bara1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
M. C. D. Vanetti1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Universidade Federal de Viçosa)
ABSTRACT Ground spices were examined in vitro for antibacterial effects on the growth of Yersinia enterocolitica. All spices showed bacteriostatic effects after 12 h when added at concentrations 4.1 to 4.7 percent (w/v) to Trypticase Soya Broth. The most effective spices were cloves, allspice, sage, cinnamon, rosemary, and oregano of which ethanol extracts reduced bacterial cell counts in a concentration dependent manner. Cloves extract at a concentrations of 2000 ppm revealed bactericidal activ...
15 Citations Source Cite
  • References (43)
  • Cited By (13)
This study investigates Weight changes induced by ingestion of Alomo bitters (A combination of herbal constituents): Experimental study on Wistar rats. The sixteen Wistar rats (151.67 ± 2.89 grams) involved in the study were divided into four groups; a control (Group A) and three test groups (B, C and D). For 3 weeks, group A (control) received normal feed (growers mash) with distilled water only, while groups B-D (test) received normal feed with water mixed with graded quantities of Alomo Bitte...
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This study was intended to determine the effect of salt, groundnut, monosodium glutamate and spices, especially in combinations as used in Yaji , on the histology of the brain. The rats were divided into nine (9) groups (A – I) of eight rats (8) each. Groups A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, constituted the test groups whereas group I served as the control group. The rats were allowed to acclimatize for three weeks and weighed before being fed for 8 weeks with feed pellets made by mixing the test substanc...
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The aim of this histological study is to determine the effect of yaji (a Nigerian meat sauce that is indiscriminately consumed) on the anterior pituitary gland based on the fact that there is evidence that some of its constituents have excitotoxic and neurotoxic potentials. Eighteen weeks old white albino rats of an average weight of 225g were used for this study. The animals were acclimatized for two weeks and the test substance was administered for eight weeks and weighed on weekly basis. Twen...
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O. O. Onabanjo1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Agriculture, Faisalabad),
Sa Sanni1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Agriculture, Faisalabad),
W.A.O. Afolabi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Agriculture, Faisalabad)
... more
Background Lipids in the diet have been associated with the rising prevalence of many chronic diseases. The present study aimed to provide information on total lipid, free fatty acids, triacylglycerol and cholesterol contents of some dishes consumed in northern, southern, western parts of Nigeria, as well as dishes generally consumed in all parts of Nigeria. This would result in a resource that would be used by nutritionists and dietitians in meal planning. Methods The present study is analytica...
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A. O. Nwaopara1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
C. I. P. Anibeze1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Abia State University),
F. C. Akpuaka1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Abia State University)
Yaji is a complex mixture of groundnut cake powder, additives, spices and salt. The production and consumption of Yaji is not regulated despite the excitotoxic, apoptotic and tumourigenic potentials of some of its active principles. This has been the basis for several scientific investigations aimed at determining the effect of Yaji on different body organs. The present study on the brain is intended to determine its tumourigenic potentials. Eighteen weeks old white albino rats of an average wei...
4 Citations Source
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences (An international peer-reviewed Bi-monthly journal) is a peer-reviewed journal of high quality devoted to provide a platform to scientists and researchers all over the world, for the dissemination of knowledge in the field of Pharmaceutical, Biological and other allied sciences. The journal policy is to publish work deemed by peer reviewers to be a coherent and sound addition to scientific knowledge and to put less emphasis on interest levels, pr...
9 Citations
A. O. Nwaopara1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
A. M. Izunya1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
G. A. Oaikhena1
Estimated H-index: 1
... more
This comparative study to determine the acute and chronic effects of Yaji (a complex Nigerian meat sauce) on some hematological parameters involved Wistar rats of an average weight of 188 g. The Wister rats were randomly assigned into six groups (n = 24); group A rats served as the control while group B1-F1 and B2- F2 served as the test groups. Group A (control) received 300 g of growers mash (feed) only and B received 237 g of feed plus 9 g each of the combined constituents of Yaji, while group...
3 Citations Download PDF
Shubhi Avasthi5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Ajay Kumar Gautam8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Rekha Bhadauria6
Estimated H-index: 6
Eight commonly used spices Syzygium aromaticum, Cinnamonum zeylanicum, Zingiber officinale, Murraya koenigii, Piper nigrum, Trachyspermum ammi, Allium sativum and Allium cepa were tested for in vitro antifungal activity on Aspergillus niger, a causative agent of different destructive disease. Out of eight plant materials used, five showed significant antifungal activity against the test pathogen by poisoned food technique. Syzygium aromaticum and Allium sativum showed 100% inhibition of mycelial...
7 Citations Source
A. O. Nwaopara1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
A. M. Izunya1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
G. A. Oaikhena1
Estimated H-index: 1
... more
This study on the cerebellum is one in the series of several studies aimed at determining the effects of Yaji on the histology of the brain. Eighteen-week-old white albino rats of an average weight of 170 g were used for this study and they were divided into eight (8) groups (A-H). Group A served as control while groups B-H served as the test groups. For 2 weeks, group A received normal feed only, while groups B-H received feed plus graded levels of Yaji (10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, and 70%, respect...
5 Citations Download PDF

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