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Butterfly communities under threat

Published on Jul 15, 2016in Science41.04
· DOI :10.1126/science.aaf8838
Jeremy A. Thomas39
Estimated H-index: 39
(University of Oxford)
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Abstract
Butterflies are better documented and monitored worldwide than any other nonpest taxon of insects ( 1 ). In the United Kingdom alone, volunteer recorders have sampled more than 750,000 km of repeat transects since 1976, equivalent to walking to the Moon and back counting butterflies ( 2 ). Such programs are revealing regional extinctions and population declines that began before 1900 ( 3 , 4 ). In a recent study, Habel et al. report a similar story based on inventories of butterflies and burnet moths since 1840 in a protected area in Bavaria, Germany ( 5 ). The results reveal severe species losses: Scarce, specialized butterflies have largely disappeared, leaving ecosystems dominated by common generalist ones. Similar trends are seen across Europe ( 6 ) and beyond, with protected areas failing to conserve many species for which they were once famed.
  • References (15)
  • Citations (32)
References15
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43 CitationsSource
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#1Donald P. A. Sands (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 4
#2Tim R. New (La Trobe University)H-Index: 28
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#1Tim R. NewH-Index: 28
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#1Owen T. Lewis (University of Oxford)H-Index: 37
#2Michael J. M. Senior (University of Oxford)H-Index: 6
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#1Jeremy A. Thomas (University of Oxford)H-Index: 39
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Last.Thomas Hovestadt (University of Oxford)H-Index: 31
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#1Jeremy A. ThomasH-Index: 39
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Cited By32
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#1Jan Christian Habel (TUM: Technische Universität München)H-Index: 2
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