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Interventions to tackle malnutrition and its risk factors in children living in slums: a scoping review

Published on Jan 2, 2017in Annals of Human Biology1.588
· DOI :10.1080/03014460.2016.1205660
Sophie M. Goudet5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Lboro: Loughborough University),
Paula L. Griffiths29
Estimated H-index: 29
(Lboro: Loughborough University)
+ 1 AuthorsNyovani Madise33
Estimated H-index: 33
(University of Southampton)
Sources
Abstract
AbstractContext: Children living in slums are at high risk of being malnourished. There are no published reviews on existing interventions promoting better nutrition for children living in slums and the risk factors for children’s malnutrition. Improved understanding of the risk factors for malnutrition in slums communities and the impact of interventions on children’s health can provide guidance to practitioners and decision-makers. The present review is designed to provide this information.Methods: The search included 30 electronic bibliographic databases and relevant eligible studies published up to December 2013.Results: The search located 1512 citations. Full text relevance screening was conducted on 226 studies and on abstracts for 16 studies. The final 58 unique studies included 22 on interventions and 38 on risk. All of the interventions were nutrition-specific, with nutritional intervention being the most dominant type. Seventy-three per cent of the interventions were assessed effective.Conclusio...
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  • References (63)
  • Citations (14)
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References63
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Last. Zulfiqar A BhuttaH-Index: 117
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#2Tauhidul Islam (International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh)H-Index: 2
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Background Obesity and overweight in children and adolescents is an emerging public health concern alongside under-nutrition in low and middle income countries. Our aim was to conduct a scoping review of literature to ascertain what is known about childhood and adolescent overweight and/or obesity in Bangladesh.
16 CitationsSource
BACKGROUND: Haiti has experienced rapid urbanization that has exacerbated poverty and undernutrition in large slum areas. Stunting affects 1 in 5 young children. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to test the efficacy of a daily lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) for increased linear growth in young children. DESIGN: Healthy singleton infants aged 6-11 mo (n = 589) were recruited from an urban slum of Cap Haitien and randomly assigned to receive: 1) a control; 2) a 3-mo LNS; or 3) a 6-mo LNS. The LNS provid...
64 CitationsSource
#1Linda S. AdairH-Index: 1
Maternal nutritional deficiencies and excesses during pregnancy, and faster infant weight gain in the first 2 years of life are associated with increased risk of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in adu
33 CitationsSource
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In Mali, 56% of children under 5 deaths are associated with malnutrition in 2006. The center of gravity of malnutrition appears to move from rural to urban areas. It is in this context that a study of factors associated with malnutrition among children aged 6 to 59 months was conducted in 2012 in two common Bamako district. A cross-sectional cluster sample survey was conducted from September 2012 to February 2013 with 470 children aged 6 to 59 months. Collection tools were tested and the protoco...
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Nutrition plays important role in development of growth and development of child. In many developing countries poor nutritional status is mainly due to illiteracy, poverty, least job opportunities etc. Poor hygiene, intestinal infection, worm infestation are another important groups leading malnutrition in India. Cross sectional study was conducted in Bhojpuri slum which is densely Muslim populated slum of Aligarh City, Uttar Paradesh on 300 children. Objective of the study was to assess the nut...
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#1Alon Unger (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 7
Rapid urbanisation in the 20th century has been accompanied by the development of slums. Nearly one-third of the world9s population and more than 60% of urban populations in the least developed countries live in slums, including hundreds of millions of children. Slums are areas of broad social and health disadvantage to children and their families due to extreme poverty, overcrowding, poor water and sanitation, substandard housing, limited access to basic health and education services, and other...
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Background Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions are frequently implemented to reduce infectious diseases, and may be linked to improved nutrition outcomes in children. Objectives To evaluate the effect of interventions to improve water quality and supply (adequate quantity to maintain hygiene practices), provide adequate sanitation and promote handwashing with soap, on the nutritional status of children under the age of 18 years and to identify current research gaps. Search methods...
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