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Exploring online fitness culture and young females

Published on Nov 1, 2016in Leisure Studies 1.38
· DOI :10.1080/02614367.2016.1182202
Stephanie T. Jong2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Flinders University),
Murray Drummond16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Flinders University)
AbstractWhile previous studies have investigated online health communities and health-seeking behaviours, less attention has been directed at the growing impact of the online fitness movement. This paper draws on the concept of biopedagogies to examine the messages transmitted within fitness culture on social networking sites (SNSs), and their role as a channel for health and fitness information. To explore this, a multi-method approach was conducted. The two methods included a netnography (online ethnography) and 22 semi-structured individual interviews with female participants aged 18–24 in Australia. The study suggests that online fitness use is becoming a popular leisure activity and source of health and fitness information. It reveals how SNSs are used as a platform to gather and teach ideas of health and fitness, and the manner in which textual and photographic online communication facilitates the social construction and transmission of this knowledge. Results indicated that although fitness account...
  • References (79)
  • Citations (10)
Nic Crowe4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Brunel University London),
Dm Watts2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Brunel University London)
‘Pro-Ana’ Internet sites can foster or celebrate anorexia and bulimia nervosa in young women. Clinical discourse portrays anorexia as a problematic and deviant ‘condition’, while Pro-Ana/-Mia spaces offer an arena that appeals to control over how bodies are represented. We draw on data from a seven-year ethnographic study of young people's online worlds, from forums, postings on Pro-Ana sites and online interviews with Pro-Ana users, to illustrate and illuminate young women's perspectives and th...
Published on Jan 1, 2016in International Journal of Eating Disorders 3.52
Leah Boepple3
Estimated H-index: 3
(USF: University of South Florida),
J. Kevin Thompson70
Estimated H-index: 70
(USF: University of South Florida)
Objective “Pro-ana” or Thinspiration websites are internet sites that support weight loss and eating disorders. Fitspiration websites are a newer type of site that supposedly advocates a fit and healthy lifestyle. Method The first 10 images from a sample of 50 Fitspiration and 50 Thinspiration websites, chosen using a standard internet search protocol, were rated on a variety of weight, eating, and appearance characteristics. χ2 analyses were conducted to compare website content. Results Thinspi...
Published on Sep 1, 2015in Body Image 3.12
Marika Tiggemann74
Estimated H-index: 74
(Flinders University),
Mia Zaccardo3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Flinders University)
Abstract Fitspiration is an online trend designed to inspire viewers towards a healthier lifestyle by promoting exercise and healthy food. The present study aimed to experimentally investigate the impact of fitspiration images on women's body image. Participants were 130 female undergraduate students who were randomly assigned to view either a set of Instagram fitspiration images or a control set of travel images presented on an iPad. Results showed that acute exposure to fitspiration images led...
Published on Jun 1, 2015in Body Image 3.12
Jannath Ghaznavi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis),
Laramie D. Taylor12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
Abstract The present study extends research on thinspiration images, visual and/or textual images intended to inspire weight loss, from pro-eating disorder websites to popular photo-sharing social media websites. The article reports on a systematic content analysis of thinspiration images ( N = 300) on Twitter and Pinterest . Images tended to be sexually suggestive and objectifying with a focus on ultra-thin, bony, scantily-clad women. Results indicated that particular social media channels and ...
Published on Apr 1, 2015in Computers in Human Behavior 4.31
J. Mitchell Vaterlaus6
Estimated H-index: 6
(MSU: Montana State University),
Emily Vaterlaus Patten2
Estimated H-index: 2
(KSU: Kansas State University)
+ 1 AuthorsJimmy A. Young7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UNK: University of Nebraska at Kearney)
Abstract Young adults (18–25 years old) spend a majority of their waking hours with technology and young adulthood is an important developmental time period for establishing lasting health behaviors. Considering the relevance of technology and health during young adulthood the current study explored young adults ( N = 34) perceptions of social media’s (e.g., social networking) influence on their health behaviors (i.e., diet and exercise) using a social ecological framework. Data was collected th...
Published on Mar 12, 2015in Frontiers in Psychiatry 3.16
Umar Toseeb6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Manchester),
Becky Inkster15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Cambridge)
Socializing and networking was transformed in the technological era by the introduction of social networking sites (SNSs). These online sites contain an abundance of information about individual preferences, interests, types, and frequency of social interactions, etc. However, scientific studies that have utilized SNS activity data to aid our understanding of mental health disorders are scarce. This is partly due to the practicalities of accessing SNS data and methodological issues of large-scal...
Published on Jan 2, 2015in Journal of Health Communication 1.77
Yang Feng2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Virginia's College at Wise),
Wenjing Xie5
Estimated H-index: 5
(SIU: Southern Illinois University Carbondale)
Adopting a longitudinal angle, this study analyzed data from the Pew Internet's Health Tracking Survey in 2006, 2008, and 2010 to identify potential communication inequalities in social networking site use. Results showed that with the growing role of social networking site use in predicting people's likelihood of seeking health information online, the socioeconomic and demographic factors that contributed to the disparities in social networking site use could also lead to disparities in seeking...
Published on Jan 2, 2015in Sport Education and Society 1.96
Ben Williamson12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Stirling)
The emergence of digitized health and physical education, or ‘eHPE’, embeds software algorithms in the organization of health and physical education pedagogies. Particularly with the emergence of wearable and mobile activity trackers, biosensors and personal analytics apps, algorithmic processes have an increasingly powerful part to play in how people learn about their own bodies and health. This article specifically considers the ways in which algorithms are converging with eHPE through the eme...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 4.29
Liliana Laranjo5
Estimated H-index: 5
(NOVA: Universidade Nova de Lisboa),
Amaël Arguel7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UNSW: University of New South Wales)
+ 5 AuthorsAnnie Y. S. Lau16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UNSW: University of New South Wales)
Objective Our aim was to evaluate the use and effectiveness of interventions using social networking sites (SNSs) to change health behaviors. Materials and methods Five databases were scanned using a predefined search strategy. Studies were included if they focused on patients/consumers, involved an SNS intervention, had an outcome related to health behavior change, and were prospective. Studies were screened by independent investigators, and assessed using Cochrane's ‘risk of bias’ tool. Random...
Published on Nov 2, 2014in British Journal of Sociology of Education 1.88
Jan Wright31
Estimated H-index: 31
(UOW: University of Wollongong),
Christine Halse20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Deakin University)
The health of children in affluent economies has become closely tied to the ideal of a normative body weight achieved by monitoring and balancing diet and physical activity. As a result, the education of young people on how to avoid becoming fat begins at an early age through the language and practices of families, the messages embedded in children’s media, and through formal schooling. In this paper we use the concept of biopedagogies to investigate how discourses that connect food, the body an...
Cited By10
Beth T. Bell6
Estimated H-index: 6
(York St John University),
Nova Deighton-Smith1
Estimated H-index: 1
(LBU: Leeds Beckett University),
Megan Hurst3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Sussex)
Adolescents access information about fitness, including content labelled as #fitspiration, through social media. Seventy-seven adolescents (M age = 12.49; SD = 0.55; Girls = 27) participated in semi-structured focus groups to explore their perspectives on #fitspiration and fitness more broadly. Through inductive thematic analysis, four themes were developed: (1) Fitness enhances physical function and appearance, but these are not always linked, (2) Fitness is transformative but requires hard wor...
Published on Jul 7, 2019in Addiction Research & Theory 2.32
Ludwig Kraus25
Estimated H-index: 25
(ELTE: Eötvös Loránd University),
Robin Room71
Estimated H-index: 71
(Stockholm University)
+ 3 AuthorsJukka Törrönen15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Stockholm University)
Published on Mar 1, 2019in Social Theory and Health 0.74
Alexandra Rodney3
Estimated H-index: 3
(U of T: University of Toronto)
Healthy living blogs are ideal sites to analyze how biopedagogy (the teaching of body regulation) operates through social media produced by everyday people. Drawing from a theoretical framework grounded in neoliberal governmentality, biopower, and individualization, this paper endeavors to understand how healthy living blogs function as pedagogical sites where body management is taught. To address this question, the food discourse on 459 healthy living blog posts, written by highly successful an...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in BMC Public Health 2.57
Michelle Raggatt1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Burnet Institute),
Cassandra J. C. Wright6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Monash University)
+ 4 AuthorsMegan S. C. Lim20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Monash University)
Background Fitspiration is a popular social media trend containing images, quotes and advice related to exercise and healthy eating. This study aimed to 1) describe the types of fitspiration content that users access and how they engage with content, 2) investigate the disordered eating and exercise behaviours and psychological distress of individuals who access fitspiration, and 3) understand the perceived influence of fitspiration on health and wellbeing.
Published on Dec 1, 2018in The Journal of Eating Disorders
Angela S. Alberga14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Concordia University),
Samantha J. Withnell1
Estimated H-index: 1
(U of C: University of Calgary),
Kristin M. von Ranson19
Estimated H-index: 19
(U of C: University of Calgary)
Background Fitspiration, or images and text promoting health and fitness, and thinspiration, or images and text promoting thinness, have both received criticism for their negative effects on body image and dieting behaviors. In this study, we critically examined and compared the content of fitspiration and thinspiration on three social networking sites (SNS).
Published on Jul 3, 2018in Leisure\/loisir
Jesper Andreasson7
Estimated H-index: 7
(LNU: Linnaeus University),
Thomas Johansson14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Gothenburg)
ABSTRACTThe focus of this study is on the development of a globalised and localised gym and fitness culture. The article takes its point of departure from three distinct levels. These are (1) organisational aspects of the culture, (2) fitness professionals’ individual trajectories, and (3) national variations and gender regimes. The findings indicate that fitness professionalism is emerging as an uncertain profession. On the one hand there are international accreditation systems that aim to ensu...
Published on Mar 4, 2018in Leisure Studies 1.38
Brendan Canavan5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Huddersfield)
This article uses exploratory netnographic analysis of 12 generation Y backpackers on an extended joint holiday in order to better understand and represent a rapidly emerging but underrepresented cohort. Insight is gained into a complex cohort with high expectations of leisure and tourism. Freedom and familiarity, challenge and indulgence, customisation and community, emerge as the themes which frame their often contradictory consumption. On the cusp of a sometimes unwelcome and not always achie...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Procedia Computer Science
Inga Saboia1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Aveiro),
Ana Margarida Almeida8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Aveiro)
+ 1 AuthorsCláudia Pernencar2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Universidade Europeia)
Abstract Currently we are strongly influenced by the changes provided by Web 2.0. The number of users consuming and sharing online information about health and wellbeing is increasing. This is a new scenario and a fertile field to study, in which social networks and eHealth applications are powerful tools to support behavior change. This article explores the influence processes of online opinion leaders, such as health professionals and non-professional, on the food behavioral change of their fo...
Published on Sep 12, 2017in Sex Roles 2.28
Ivanka Prichard11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Flinders University),
Annabel C. McLachlan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Flinders University)
+ 1 AuthorsMarika Tiggemann74
Estimated H-index: 74
(Flinders University)
The present study experimentally examined the impact of different forms of inspirational fitness images (“fitspiration”) on women’s body image. Australian female participants (n = 152, 17–30 years-old; M age = 21.55, SD = 3.94) were randomly assigned to view fitspiration media which depicted the body in a functional (performing exercise) or non-functional (posed) way, with or without accompanying appearance-focused text. There were no main effects of image type or text presence for body satisfac...