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Business and it alignment

Published on Jan 1, 2016in Vojnotehnički Glasnik
· DOI :10.5937/vojtehg64-9263
Milosav Majstorović1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
Over the last two decades, the need for the alignment of business needs and opportunities of information technology (IT) has been considered one of the key issues in IT management. Research in the field of business and IT alignment gained momentum in the last decade of the last century when it was realized that the cost- effectiveness of IT investments directly contributed to the so-called strategic alignment, ie. alignment between business strategy and IT strategy. It is recognized that IT changes the direction in which companies organize their business processes, communication with customers and deliver their products and services. The aim of this study is to investigate the current situation in solving the problem of business and IT alignment in order to allow a comparison of different definitions and a conceptualization of this phenomenon, and also to consider the efforts made so far in order to solve this problem. The conceptualization of the phenomenon of alignment of business and IT is given through the strategic alignment model that had the biggest impact in this area. The question of the applicability of the model and the framework developed for the purpose of alignment stems from the challenges facing the problem of alignment of business and IT. These challenges are categorized and particularly elaborated in this paper.
  • References (23)
  • Citations (2)
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References23
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#1Azmat Ullah (La Trobe University)H-Index: 10
#2Richard Lai (La Trobe University)H-Index: 13
It is widely accepted that sustaining Business and Information Technology (IT) alignment is a complex task, due to the lack of appropriate alignment methodologies, rapid changes in running business processes and insufficient IT techniques to cope with such changes. One way of achieving successful alignment is the development of an IT system which meets business expectations. This is only possible if IT analysts take the organizational environment into account prior to implementing the system. Th...
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In recent years, strategic fit issues attract both academia and practitioners due to the debate of productivity paradox of information system (IS). This study provides a comprehensive literature review on the strategic fit issues in IS research and suggest some future research directions. In detail, conceptualization of strategic fit in IS research, operationalization of related constructs, and antecedents and consequences of strategic fit are included. The main contribution of this study is to ...
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#1Lerina Aversano (University of Sannio)H-Index: 19
#2Carmine Grasso (University of Sannio)H-Index: 5
Last. Maria Tortorella (University of Sannio)H-Index: 14
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The alignment issue was addressed in several researches and numerous methods, techniques and tools were proposed. Choosing the most suitable approach to a specific need is a challenging task. This paper describes a characterization framework that can be applied for evaluating different alignment approaches, with the aim of discovering similarity, maturity, capability to measure, model, asses and evolve the alignment level existing among business and technological assets of an enterprise. A liter...
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Information systems and information technology (IS/IT, hereafter just IT) strategies usually depend on a business strategy. The alignment of both strategies improves their strategic plans. From an external perspective, business and IT alignment is the extent to which the IT strategy enables and drives the business strategy. This article reviews strategic alignment between business and IT, and proposes the use of enterprise engineering (EE) to achieve this alignment. The EE approach facilitates t...
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Jan 1, 2011 in HICSS (Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences)
#1Jan Saat (HSG: University of St. Gallen)H-Index: 11
#2Robert Winter (HSG: University of St. Gallen)H-Index: 36
Last. Mathias Ekstedt (KTH: Royal Institute of Technology)H-Index: 24
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IT/business alignment has constantly been among the top priorities for IT executives. From a prescriptive, design research perspective, our analysis of related work shows that neither is IT/business alignment sufficiently specified to allow systematic artifact construction, nor are existing approaches situational to reflect the diversity of IT/business alignment problems in the real world. We use goal decomposition to characterize IT/business alignment by qualities from (i) the IT systems, (ii) ...
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Oct 1, 2010 in EDOC (Enterprise Distributed Object Computing)
#1Jan Saat (HSG: University of St. Gallen)H-Index: 11
#2Ulrik Franke (KTH: Royal Institute of Technology)H-Index: 19
Last. Mathias Ekstedt (KTH: Royal Institute of Technology)H-Index: 24
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Enterprise Architecture models can be used to support IT/business alignment. However, existing approaches do not distinguish between different IT/business alignment situations. Since companies face diverse challenges in achieving a high degree of IT/business alignment, a universal ‘one size fits all’ approach does not seem appropriate. This paper proposes to decompose the IT/business alignment problem into tangible qualities for business, IT systems, and IT governance. An explorative study among...
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#1Mohamed El Mekawy (KTH: Royal Institute of Technology)H-Index: 2
#2Lazar Rusu (KTH: Royal Institute of Technology)H-Index: 9
Last. Nabeel Ahmed (KTH: Royal Institute of Technology)H-Index: 1
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The process by which business and IT are brought inline with each other to enhance the performance of business and to achieve business goals is called strategic alignment. Some models have been developed for the assessment of strategic alignment but an evaluation and comparison of capabilities of the models has not been studied due to the absence of a structured evaluation criteria.. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the strategic alignment models, collected through a comprehensive survey...
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#1Yolande E. Chan (Queen's University)H-Index: 22
#2Blaize Horner Reich (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 23
We provide a review of the alignment literature in IT, addressing questions such as: What have we learned? What is disputed? Who are contributors to the debate? The article is intended to be useful to faculty and graduate students considering conducting research on alignment, instructors preparing lectures, and practitioners seeking to assess the ‘state-of-play’. It is both informational and provocative. Challenges to the value of alignment research, divergent views, and new perspectives on alig...
720 CitationsSource
#1Yolande E. Chan (Queen's University)H-Index: 22
#2Blaize Horner Reich (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 23
We provide summaries of over 150 alignment articles. The information is intended to assist faculty and graduate students who are conducting IT alignment-related research. The findings presented should interest practitioners also. We hope that the article will facilitate the ongoing study and practice of IT alignment.
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Cited By2
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#1Monica Henriques (Laureate International Universities)
#2José Braga de Vasconcelos (University of Lisbon)
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The problem discussed in this paper is the paradox associated with the hundreds of contributions of the scientific community over three decades, mainly leveraged by the Strategic Alignment Model (SAM) and its perspectives, but whose benefits arising from its applicability to the real world are scarce. The context of public sector organizations, which does not fit into any of the four perspectives presented by Henderson and Venkatraman (1993), led to the intertwining of the theme with the Social ...
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