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Mapping of quantitative trait loci for root hair length in wheat identifies loci that co-locate with loci for yield components

Published on Aug 1, 2016in Journal of Experimental Botany5.36
· DOI :10.1093/jxb/erw228
R. Horn1
Estimated H-index: 1
(JIC: John Innes Centre),
Luzie U. Wingen19
Estimated H-index: 19
(JIC: John Innes Centre)
+ 1 AuthorsLiam Dolan52
Estimated H-index: 52
(University of Oxford)
Sources
Abstract
Root hairs are fast growing, ephemeral tubular extensions of the root epidermis. They arise in the unsuberized maturation zone of the root, effectively increasing the root surface area in the region over which nutrient and water uptake occur. Variation in root hair length (RHL) between varieties has been shown to be genetically determined, and could, therefore, have consequences for nutrient capture and yield potential in crops. We describe the development of a medium-to-high throughput screening method for assessing RHL in wheat at the seedling stage. This method was used to screen a number of wheat mapping population parental lines for variation in RHL. Parents of two populations derived from inter-varietal crosses differed for RHL: Spark vs Rialto and Charger vs Badger. We identified quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for RHL in the populations derived from these crosses. In Spark × Rialto, QTLs on chromosomes 1A, 2A and 6A were associated with variation in RHL, whilst in Charger × Badger, a QTL for RHL was identified on 2BL. The QTLs on 2A and 6A co-localized with previously described QTLs for yield components. Longer root hairs may confer an advantage by exploiting limiting mineral and water resources. This first QTL analysis of root hair length in wheat identifies loci that could usefully be further investigated for their role in tolerance to limiting conditions.
  • References (53)
  • Citations (9)
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References53
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#1Yao Han (CAU: China Agricultural University)H-Index: 3
#2Mingming Xin (CAU: China Agricultural University)H-Index: 17
Last. Qixin Sun (CAU: China Agricultural University)H-Index: 34
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Summary Polyploidy is a major driving force in plant evolution and speciation. Phenotypic changes often arise with the formation, natural selection and domestication of polyploid plants. However, little is known about the consequence of hybridization and polyploidization on root hair development. Here, we report that root hair length of synthetic and natural allopolyploid wheats is significantly longer than those of their diploid progenitors, whereas no difference is observed between allohexaplo...
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#1Peter R. Ryan (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 47
#2Mingtan Liao (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 4
Last. Richard A. James (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 29
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Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for shoot biomass were identified in wheat grown on a soil high in total phosphorus (P) but low in plant-available P. The two populations screened included recombinant inbred lines (RILs) from Chuan-Mai 18/Vigour 18 and doubled-haploid lines from Kukri/Janz. Glasshouse-grown plants were harvested at the five-leaf stage. Seven QTLs for shoot biomass were identified in the RILs, with the largest on chromosome 7A accounting for 7.4% of the phenotypic variance. RILs fr...
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#1Emmanuel Delhaize (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 46
#2Tina M. Rathjen (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 4
Last. Colin Cavanagh (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 20
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Rhizosheaths comprise soil that adheres to plant roots and, in some species, are indicative of root hair length. In this study, the genetics of rhizosheath size in wheat was investigated by screening the progeny of multiparent advanced generation intercrosses (MAGIC). Two MAGIC populations were screened for rhizosheath size using a high throughput method. One MAGIC population was developed from intercrosses between four parents (4-way) and the other from intercrosses between eight parents (8-way...
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Traits related to root architecture are of great importance for yield performance of crop species, although they remain poorly understood. The present study is aimed at identifying the genomic regions involved in the control of root morphological traits in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.). A set of 123 recombinant inbred lines derived from the durum wheat cross of cvs. ‘Creso’ × ‘Pedroso’ were grown hydroponically to two growth stages, and were phenotypically evaluated for a number of root tra...
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In cereal crops, root hairs are reported to function within the root hair zone to carry out important roles in nutrient and water absorption. Nevertheless, these single cells remain understudied due to the practical challenges of phenotyping these delicate structures in large cereal crops growing on soil or other growth systems. Here we present an alternative growth system for examining the root hairs of cereal crops: the use of coarse Turface® clay alongside fertigation. This system allowed for...
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#1Magalhaes Amade Miguel (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 2
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Last. Jonathan P. Lynch (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 76
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Shallow basal root growth angle (BRGA) increases phosphorus acquisition efficiency by enhancing topsoil foraging because in most soils, phosphorus is concentrated in the topsoil. Root hair length and density (RHL/D) increase phosphorus acquisition by expanding the soil volume subject to phosphorus depletion through diffusion. We hypothesized that shallow BRGA and large RHL/D are synergetic for phosphorus acquisition, meaning that their combined effect is greater than the sum of their individual ...
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Seedling root traits of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) have been shown to be important for efficient establishment and linked to mature plant traits such as height and yield. A root phenotyping pipeline, consisting of a germination paper-based screen combined with image segmentation and analysis software, was developed and used to characterize seedling traits in 94 doubled haploid progeny derived from a cross between the winter wheat cultivars Rialto and Savannah. Field experiments were conducted ...
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Background Grain yield in wheat is a polygenic trait that is influenced by environmental and genetic interactions at all stages of the plant’s growth. Yield is usually broken down into three components; number of spikes per area, grain number per spike, and grain weight (TGW). In polyploid wheat, studies have identified quantitative trait loci (QTL) which affect TGW, yet few have been validated and fine-mapped using independent germplasm, thereby having limited impact in breeding.
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