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Analytical Model and Performance Evaluation of Long-Term Evolution for Vehicle Safety Services

Published on Mar 1, 2017in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 5.34
· DOI :10.1109/TVT.2016.2580571
Wenfeng Li3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Tongji University),
Xiaomin Ma17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Oral Roberts University)
+ 3 AuthorsQingwen Liu11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Tongji University)
Cite
Abstract
In a traffic jam or dense vehicle environment, vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) cannot meet the safety requirement due to serious packet collisions. The traditional cellular network solves packet collisions but suffers from long end-to-end delay. Third-Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Long-Term Evolution (LTE) overcomes both drawbacks; thus, it may be used, instead of VANETs, in some extreme environments. We use Markov models with dynamic scheduling and semipersistent scheduling (SPS) to evaluate how many idle resources of LTE can be provided for safety services and how safety applications impact LTE traditional users. Based on the analysis, we propose to reserve the idle radio resources in LTE for vehicular safety services (LTE-V). Additionally, we propose the weighted-fair-queuing (WFQ) algorithm to schedule beacons for safety services using the LTE reserved resources. Numerical results verify that the proposed mechanism can significantly improve the reliability of safety applications by borrowing limited LTE bandwidth. We also build an NS3 simulation platform to verify the effectiveness of the proposed Markov models. Finally, the reliability of applications, including cooperation collision warning (CCW), slow vehicle indication (SVI), and rear-end collision warning (RCW), using dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) with LTE-V, are evaluated. The simulation results demonstrate that the stringent quality-of-service (QoS) requirement of the aforementioned three applications can be satisfied, even under heavy traffic.
  • References (22)
  • Citations (11)
Cite
References22
Newest
Zeeshan Hameed Mir9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Qatar Airways),
Fethi Filali11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Qatar Airways)
Various wireless communication systems exist, which enable a wide range of applications and use cases in the vehicular environment. These applications can be grouped into three types, namely, road safety, traffic efficiency, and infotainment, each with its own set of functional and performance requirements. In pursuance of assisting drivers to travel safely and comfortably, several of these requirements have to be met simultaneously. While the coexistence of multiple radio access technologies br...
Published on Jun 1, 2014 in IV (Intelligent Vehicles Symposium)
Wenfeng Li3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Tongji University),
Jun Wu10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Tongji University)
+ 1 AuthorsZhifeng Zhang3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Tongji University)
In this paper, we derive application-level reliability metrics of various safety applications with worst-case settings and vehicular environments based on an accurate analytical model in one dimension vehicular communication networks. The reliability related QoS metrics in both the MAC-level and the Application-level including packet reception ratio, T-window reliability, and awareness probability are derived. Inspired by the correlation between road traffic and vehicle speed revealed by Greensh...
Published on Jan 23, 2014in IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials 22.97
Najah AbuAli12
Estimated H-index: 12
(College of Information Technology),
Abd-Elhamid M. Taha11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Alfaisal University)
+ 1 AuthorsHossam S. Hassanein33
Estimated H-index: 33
(Queen's University)
The choice of OFDM-based multi-carrier access techniques for LTE marked a fundamental and farsighted parting from preceding 3GPP networks. With OFDMA in the downlink and SC-FDMA in the uplink, LTE possesses a robust and adaptive multiple access scheme that facilitates many physical layer enhancements. Despite this flexibility, scheduling in LTE is a challenging functionality to design, especially in the uplink. Resource allocation in LTE is made complex, especially when considering its target pa...
Published on Apr 1, 2013
Yasir Zaki12
Estimated H-index: 12
(NYUAD: New York University Abu Dhabi),
Thushara Weerawardane7
Estimated H-index: 7
(General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University)
+ 1 AuthorsCarmelita Görg17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Bremen)
This paper proposes LTE radio scheduler analytical models. The motivation behind the models is to evaluate the performance of the complex LTE system analytically, rather than using simulations or real life experiments (which are not always possible to perform) that are too exhaustive and consumes large computation power and time. The models are developed to approximate the system behavior mathematically; it enhances the performance evaluation's processing effort and time significantly compared t...
Published on Jan 1, 2013
Xiaomin Ma17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Oral Roberts University),
Xiaoyan Yin9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Duke University)
+ 1 AuthorsKishor S. Trivedi79
Estimated H-index: 79
(Duke University)
In this paper, a new analytic model is built to derive MAC and application-level reliability metrics of IEEE 802.11 based one-dimensional (1-D) vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs) in highways, which include Packet Reception Probability, Packet Reception Ratio, T-window Reliability, and Awareness Probability. The metrics derivation starts with the evaluation of point-to-point reception probability through coverage area computation for the impact of hidden terminal problem and concurrent transmissi...
Published on Dec 1, 2012in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications 6.39
Jun-Bae Seo9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UBC: University of British Columbia),
Victor C. M. Leung60
Estimated H-index: 60
(UBC: University of British Columbia)
In this paper we examine the feasibility of semi-persistent scheduling (SPS) for voice over IP (VoIP) by random access and evaluate its performance in terms of throughput of random access and traffic channels, and random access delay. We further investigate system stability issues and present methods to stabilize the system. To see the VoIP capacity gain, we show the maximum number of acceptable VoIP terminals without exceeding some front-end packet dropping (i.e., voice clipping) probability. I...
Published on Jun 1, 2012
K. Trichias1
Estimated H-index: 1
(TNO: Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research),
J.L. van den Berg1
Estimated H-index: 1
(TNO: Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research)
+ 2 AuthorsRemco Litjens13
Estimated H-index: 13
(TNO: Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research)
The term Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) refers to adding information and communications technology to transport infrastructure and ve- hicles. The IEEE 802.11p standard is considered the main candidate for com- munication within the context of ITS and it performs well for active safety use cases thanks to its very low delay. Nonetheless, there are still some problems that originate mostly from the decentralized ad-hoc nature of the protocol, that lead us to believe that the information...
Published on May 1, 2012 in NTMS (New Technologies, Mobility and Security)
Spiros Louvros6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Athanasios C. Iossifides1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 2 AuthorsGeorge Economou19
Estimated H-index: 19
(University of Patras)
This paper proposes a semi-analytical medium access control (MAC) layer model for the macroscopic analysis of long term evolution (LTE) uplink. The model takes into consideration the expected number of retransmissions arising from channel disturbances and the number of allocated resources so that to satisfy a required packet delay budget. The former is computed in terms of the mean bit error probability while the latter is calculated through a high order Markov chain incorporating cell traffic l...
Published on Apr 1, 2012in IEEE Wireless Communications Letters 3.55
Alexey V. Vinel26
Estimated H-index: 26
(TUT: Tampere University of Technology)
The concept of vehicular ad-hoc networks enables the design of emergent automotive safety applications, which are based on the awareness among vehicles. Recently, a suite of 802.11p/WAVE protocols aimed at supporting car-to-car communications was approved by IEEE. Existing cellular infrastructure and, above all 3GPP LTE, is being considered as another communication technology appropriate for vehicular applications. This letter provides a theoretical framework which compares the basic patterns of...
Xiaomin Ma17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Oral Roberts University),
Xiaoyan Yin9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Kishor S. Trivedi79
Estimated H-index: 79
This paper provides an overview of reliability issues in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) for safety-related applications. First, IEEE 802.11p based DSRC system, communication environment, and applications on safety related services are introduced. The factors affecting the reliability of safety services provided by VANETs are identified. Second, the features and requirements of VANETs for safety applications are discussed. Third, the relevant reliability issues are raised, and the reliability...
Cited By11
Newest
Anver Hisham1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Erik G. Ström25
Estimated H-index: 25
,
Fredrik Brännström14
Estimated H-index: 14
This paper investigate joint scheduling and power control for V2V multicast allowing multihop communication. The effects of both co-channel interference and adjacent channel interference are considered. First, we solve the problem with the objective of maximizing the throughput and connectivity of vehicles in the network. Then extend the same problem formulation to include the objective of minimizing the latency and the average age of information (AoI), which is the age of the latest received me...
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Vehicular Communications 3.53
Jing Zhao (DUT: Dalian University of Technology), Zhuofei Wu (HEU: Harbin Engineering University)+ 1 AuthorsXiaomin Ma17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Oral Roberts University)
Abstract Safety applications would be one of the most important on-board implementations in Vehicular Ad-hoc Network (VANET). Broadcasting the Basic Safety Message (BSM) periodically could help drivers increase their awareness range for preventing casualties of traffic accidents or reducing the number of traffic accidents. Usually, the safety applications have more stringent performance requirements (e.g. time delay and reliability) than other kinds of applications. However, because the vehicle ...
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Wireless Personal Communications 0.93
Banoth Ravi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(IITs: Indian Institutes of Technology),
Jaisingh Thangaraj2
Estimated H-index: 2
(IITs: Indian Institutes of Technology),
Shrinivas Petale (IITs: Indian Institutes of Technology)
In recent years, vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) is an emerging technology for intelligent transportation system by providing its wireless network services to increase the demands of high data rate and traffic. VANET supports for various applications that include safety, vehicular distribution speed, traffic efficiency and information of data services. In this paper, we propose the stochastic method for multi-hop connectivity through vehicle to infrastructure and vehicle to vehicle in inter-veh...
Published on Feb 1, 2019in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 5.34
Manuel Gonzalez-Martin1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche),
Miguel Sepulcre14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche)
+ 1 AuthorsJavier Gozalvez21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche)
The C-V2X or LTE-V standard has been designed to support vehicle to everything (V2X) communications. The standard is an evolution of LTE, and it has been published by the 3GPP in Release 14. This new standard introduces the C-V2X or LTE-V Mode 4 that is specifically designed for V2V communications using the PC5 sidelink interface without any cellular infrastructure support. In Mode 4, vehicles autonomously select and manage their radio resources. Mode 4 is highly relevant since V2V safety applic...
Published on Jan 15, 2019in Sensors 3.03
Jian Wang6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Yameng Shao1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsRundong Yu1
Estimated H-index: 1
Vehicle to everything (V2X) is a new generation of information and communication technologies that connect vehicles to everything. It not only creates a more comfortable and safer transportation environment, but also has much significance for improving traffic efficiency, and reducing pollution and accident rates. At present, the technology is still in the exploratory stage, and the problems of traffic safety and information security brought about by V2X applications have not yet been fully eval...
Published on Jan 1, 2019in IEEE Access 4.10
Dun Cao1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CSUST: Changsha University of Science and Technology),
Yonghe Liu20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UTA: University of Texas at Arlington)
+ 4 AuthorsJinxiu Si (University of Electronic Science and Technology of China)
In vehicular networks, the selection of the relay-node determines the message dissemination through the vehicle-to-vehicle communication. However, the irregular shape of the curve road makes it difficult to design and analyze the relay-node selection on the curve road. In this paper, a relay-node selection on the curve road is first proposed, which aims to fast message delivery and complete coverage of the curve road, namely the complete relay-node selection. Additionally, after defining a metri...
Published on Dec 1, 2018 in GLOBECOM (Global Communications Conference)
Lina Zhu4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Xidian University),
Changle Li10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Xidian University)
+ 2 AuthorsGuoqiang Mao29
Estimated H-index: 29
Neighbor discovery, providing the neighbor information by broadcasting discovery messages, is a promising solution for cooperative perception of Intelligent Vehicles (IVs). However, the high vehicle mobility and severe channel randomness of IV environments call for a frequent discovery, which results in a superabundant overhead. In this paper, we propose a new framework for cooperative perception of IVs by novelly introducing an improved neighbor discovery method. We first establish an analytica...
Published on Nov 1, 2018in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 5.34
Scott E. Carpenter3
Estimated H-index: 3
(NCSU: North Carolina State University),
Mihail L. Sichitiu26
Estimated H-index: 26
(NCSU: North Carolina State University)
Common vehicular channel models (VCMs) accurately predict the packet reception ratio (PRR) observed from dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) field operational tests. However, such independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) based packet generation models fail to match the bursty channel conditions that result in occasional long periods of packet losses that thwart the ability of safety applications to assist drivers in improving their situational awareness. In this paper, we propose ...
Published on Oct 1, 2018
Guangchao Wang (THU: Tsinghua University), Sheng Zhou25
Estimated H-index: 25
(THU: Tsinghua University),
Zhisheng Niu31
Estimated H-index: 31
(THU: Tsinghua University)
In vehicular networks, safety-related applications require ultra high transmission reliability. An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) aided vehicular network is explored to enhance the reliability, where UAVs provide additional communication resources for vehicles. In this scenario, three communication modes are available for vehicles, i.e. vehicle to base station V2B, vehicle to vehicle V2V, and vehicle to UAV V2U. The transmission reliability highly depends on the selection of communication modes u...
Fei Peng , Shunqing Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ -3 AuthorsShugong Xu22
Estimated H-index: 22
Autonomous driving is usually recognized as a promising technology to replace human drivers in the near future. To guarantee the safety performance in the daily life scenario, multiple-car intelligence with high quality inter-vehicle communication capability is necessary in general. In this paper, to figure out the potential practical issues in the vehicle-to-vehicle transmission, we present a software defined radio platform for V2V communication using universal software radio peripheral (USRP)....