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Widening the lens: Rethinking distance, diversity, and foreignness in international business research through positive organizational scholarship

Published on Aug 1, 2016in Journal of International Business Studies
· DOI :10.1057/jibs.2016.28
Gönter K. Stahl1
Estimated H-index: 1
(WU: Vienna University of Economics and Business),
Rosalie L. Tung43
Estimated H-index: 43
(SFU: Simon Fraser University)
+ 1 AuthorsMary E. Zellmer-Bruhn18
Estimated H-index: 18
Sources
Abstract
Abstract The point of departure for the special issue is that current theory and research in international business (IB) may have overly emphasized a negative view on foreignness, distance, and differences of all kinds (national, cultural, organizational, and institutional), with an emphasis on liabilities and adverse outcomes associated with such differences. While existing research is certainly valuable, we argue that focusing on mostly negative processes and outcomes has hindered our understanding of the dynamics, processes, and conditions that enable organizations to benefit from diversity in a wide range of IB contexts. The goal of this special issue is to promote research that is in line with a Positive Organizational Scholarship perspective, which encourages scholars to look at commonly considered phenomena in new ways, as well as to explicitly consider positive phenomena in IB research. We then introduce the three articles included in the special issue and highlight how they help IB scholars better understand when and how foreignness, distance, and diversity can enhance organizational effectiveness and performance at multiple levels.
  • References (61)
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References61
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#1Kim CameronH-Index: 1
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#2Bertolt Meyer (Chemnitz University of Technology)H-Index: 19
Last. Karen A. Jehn (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 41
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Summary In this paper, we review the growing literature on perceived diversity in teams. We aim to clarify the construct of perceived diversity and organize the findings in this emergent line of research. To do so, we develop a framework integrating research emerging on perceived diversity from across several different research fields. We propose that the nature of perceived diversity and its effects can be best understood by identifying the focal point of the diversity perceptions being studied...
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The results of a content analysis of 1141 articles published in the Journal of International Business Studies over a 24-year time period (1989–2012) reveal that a pervasive tendency exists in the international business (IB) literature towards emphasizing the adverse outcomes associated with cultural differences more than the positive effects. We argue that this imbalance is not an accurate reflection of the reality of cross-cultural contact in IB and that it has hindered our understanding of the...
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