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An Event-Related Potential Study of Social Information Processing in Adolescents

Published on May 18, 2016in PLOS ONE 2.78
· DOI :10.1371/journal.pone.0154459
Danielle diFilipo1
Estimated H-index: 1
(John Jay College of Criminal Justice),
Jill Grose-Fifer11
Estimated H-index: 11
(John Jay College of Criminal Justice)
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Abstract
Increased social awareness is a hallmark of adolescence. The primary aim of this event-related potential study was to investigate whether adolescents, in comparison to adults, would show relatively enhanced early neural processing of complex pictures containing socially-relevant information. A secondary aim was to investigate whether there are also gender and age differences in the ways adolescents and adults process social and nonsocial information. We recorded EEGs from 12–17 year-olds and 25–37 year-olds (N = 59) while they viewed pleasant pictures from the International Affective Picture System. We found age-related amplitude differences in the N1 and the LPP, and gender-related differences in the N2 region for socially-relevant stimuli. Social pictures (featuring mostly young children and adults) elicited larger N1s than nonsocial stimuli in adolescents, but not adults, whereas larger LPPs to social stimuli were seen in adults, but not adolescents. Furthermore, in general, males (regardless of age) showed larger N2s to nonsocial than to social images, but females did not. Our results imply that compared to adults, adolescents show relatively greater initial orientation toward social than toward nonsocial stimuli.
  • References (57)
  • Citations (2)
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References57
Newest
Published on Feb 1, 2015in I-perception 1.37
Steven Vanmarcke4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven),
Johan Wagemans39
Estimated H-index: 39
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
In everyday life, we are generally able to dynamically understand and adapt to socially (ir)elevant encounters, and to make appropriate decisions about these. All of this requires an impressive ability to directly filter and obtain the most informative aspects of a complex visual scene. Such rapid gist perception can be assessed in multiple ways. In the ultrafast categorization paradigm developed by Simon Thorpe et al. (1996), participants get a clear categorization task in advance and succeed a...
Published on Jan 3, 2015in Annual Review of Psychology 19.75
B. J. Casey86
Estimated H-index: 86
(Cornell University)
Adolescence is the transition from childhood to adulthood that begins around the onset of puberty and ends with relative independence from the parent. This developmental period is one when an individual is probably stronger, of higher reasoning capacity, and more resistant to disease than ever before, yet when mortality rates increase by 200%. These untimely deaths are not due to disease but to preventable deaths associated with adolescents putting themselves in harm's way (e.g., accidental fata...
Published on Jan 3, 2014in Annual Review of Psychology 19.75
Sarah-Jayne Blakemore S-J64
Estimated H-index: 64
(UCL: University College London),
Kathryn L. Mills16
Estimated H-index: 16
(NIH: National Institutes of Health)
Adolescence is a period of formative biological and social transition. Social cognitive processes involved in navigating increasingly complex and intimate relationships continue to develop throughout adolescence. Here, we describe the functional and structural changes occurring in the brain during this period of life and how they relate to navigating the social environment. Areas of the social brain undergo both structural changes and functional reorganization during the second decade of life, p...
Published on Jun 30, 2013in Advances in Cognitive Psychology 1.43
Jill Grose-Fifer11
Estimated H-index: 11
(CUNY: City University of New York),
Andrea Rodrigues3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 1 AuthorsTina Zottoli4
Estimated H-index: 4
Poor decision making during adolescence occurs most frequently when situations are emotionally charged. However, relatively few studies have measured the development of cognitive control in response to emotional stimuli in this population. This study used both affective (emotional faces) and non-affective (letter) stimuli in two different flanker tasks to assess the ability to ignore task-irrelevant but distracting information, in 25 adults and 25 adolescents. On the non-emotional (letter) flank...
Published on Mar 1, 2013in Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 3.29
Kyle G. Ratner10
Estimated H-index: 10
(NYU: New York University),
David M. Amodio32
Estimated H-index: 32
(NYU: New York University)
Abstract Faces are inherently social, but the extent to which social group information affects early face processing remains unknown. To address this issue, we examined cortical activity associated with structural encoding of novel ingroup vs. outgroup faces. Participants were assigned to one of two arbitrarily-defined groups using the minimal group procedure, and event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded while participants categorized faces of people identified as members of their novel ing...
Published on Jan 1, 2013in Neuropsychologia 2.87
Yvonne Groen9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UG: University of Groningen),
Albertus A. Wijers30
Estimated H-index: 30
+ 1 AuthorsMonika Althaus23
Estimated H-index: 23
Abstract Objective This study aimed to investigate sex differences in the temporal dynamics of experiencing empathy by using electrophysiological measurements. Methods Twenty-five females and 27 males viewed 414 pictures of the International affective picture system varying in emotional valence (positive, negative and neutral) and presence of humans (human and scenes). EEG event related potentials (ERPs) were obtained and correlations were computed with self-reported empathy. Results Compared to...
Published on Sep 1, 2012in Nature Reviews Neuroscience 33.16
Eveline A. Crone50
Estimated H-index: 50
(LEI: Leiden University),
Ronald E. Dahl99
Estimated H-index: 99
Research has demonstrated that extensive structural and functional brain development continues throughout adolescence. A popular notion emerging from this work states that a relative immaturity in frontal cortical neural systems could explain adolescents' high rates of risk-taking, substance use and other dangerous behaviours. However, developmental neuroimaging studies do not support a simple model of frontal cortical immaturity. Rather, growing evidence points to the importance of changes in s...
Published on May 1, 2012in International Journal of Psychophysiology 2.41
Anna Weinberg26
Estimated H-index: 26
(SBU: Stony Brook University),
Joseph Hilgard9
Estimated H-index: 9
(MU: University of Missouri)
+ 1 AuthorsGreg Hajcak64
Estimated H-index: 64
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
article i nfo Article history: Event-related potential (ERP) studies of early evaluative categorization have often used variants of an oddball paradigm to assess attention to targetstimulias a function of content (i.e.,valence)and context (e.g., presentation among non-targets differing in valence). However, most previous studies have not fully crossed content and con- text, and have not examined the time-course of these effects. The purpose of the current study was to investigate thesetwoissuesi...
Published on Jan 1, 2012in Psychological Bulletin 16.41
Matthew G. Rhodes25
Estimated H-index: 25
(CSU: Colorado State University),
Jeffrey S. Anastasi7
Estimated H-index: 7
(SHSU: Sam Houston State University)
Published on Dec 15, 2011
Steven J. Luck76
Estimated H-index: 76
,
Emily S. Kappenman18
Estimated H-index: 18
Preface Part One: Conceptual Bases 1. ERP Components: The Ups and Downs of Brainwave Recordings Emily S. Kappenman and Steven J. Luck 2. Beyond ERPs: Oscillatory Neuronal Dynamics Marcel Bastiaansen, Ali Mazaheri, and Ole Jensen 3. ERP Features and EEG Dynamics: An ICA Perspective Scott Makeig and Julie Onton Part Two: Commonly Studied ERP Components 4. Sensory ERP Components Hillel Pratt 5. The N170: Understanding the Time Course of Face Perception in the Human Brain Bruno Rossion and Corentin ...
Cited By2
Newest
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 3.41
Dara E. Babinski14
Estimated H-index: 14
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University),
Autumn Kujawa19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Vandy: Vanderbilt University)
+ 2 AuthorsDaniel N. Klein72
Estimated H-index: 72
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
Many youth with ADHD experience peer difficulties, but the mechanisms underlying this dysfunction remain unknown. Very little work has examined neurophysiological measures of social feedback processing in relation to ADHD symptoms. The goal of this study was to examine associations of ADHD symptoms with indicators of sensitivity to social feedback in a laboratory task and self-report of rejection sensitivity. A large community sample of 10- to 15-year-old adolescents (N = 391; Mage = 12.64, 48.6...
Published on Dec 1, 2017in Journal of Physiological Anthropology 1.74
Damee Choi5
Estimated H-index: 5
(AIST: National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology),
Natsumi Minote2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Kyushu University),
Shigeki Watanuki12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Kyushu University)
Background Oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene polymorphisms are related to individual differences in emotional processing of social cues. However, whether OXTR polymorphisms affect emotional processing of nonsocial cues remains unclear. The present study investigated the relationship between the OXTR rs53576 polymorphism and emotional processing of social cues and nonsocial cues.