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Early-Childhood Social Reticence Predicts Brain Function in Preadolescent Youths During Distinct Forms of Peer Evaluation:

Published on Jun 1, 2016in Psychological Science4.90
· DOI :10.1177/0956797616638319
Johanna M. Jarcho1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SBU: Stony Brook University),
Megan M. Davis3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
+ 7 AuthorsEric E. Nelson43
Estimated H-index: 43
(OSU: Ohio State University)
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Abstract
Social reticence is expressed as shy, anxiously avoidant behavior in early childhood. With development, overt signs of social reticence may diminish but could still manifest themselves in neural responses to peers. We obtained measures of social reticence across 2 to 7 years of age. At age 11, preadolescents previously characterized as high (n = 30) or low (n = 23) in social reticence completed a novel functional-MRI-based peer-interaction task that quantifies neural responses to the anticipation and receipt of distinct forms of social evaluation. High (but not low) social reticence in early childhood predicted greater activity in dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and left and right insula, brain regions implicated in processing salience and distress, when participants anticipated unpredictable compared with predictable feedback. High social reticence was also associated with negative functional connectivity between insula and ventromedial prefrontal cortex, a region commonly implicated in affect regulatio...
  • References (44)
  • Citations (13)
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References44
Newest
#1Manpreet K. Singh (Stanford University)H-Index: 21
#2Ryan Kelley (Stanford University)H-Index: 15
Last.Kiki D. Chang (Stanford University)H-Index: 38
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#1Gang Chen (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 26
#2Nancy E. Adleman (CUA: The Catholic University of America)H-Index: 3
Last.Robert W. Cox (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 45
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#1Mimi Liljeholm (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 14
#2Simon Dunne (California Institute of Technology)H-Index: 9
Last.John P. O'Doherty (California Institute of Technology)H-Index: 70
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#1Stephen B. McHugh (University of Oxford)H-Index: 17
#2Chris Barkus (University of Oxford)H-Index: 14
Last.David M. Bannerman (University of Oxford)H-Index: 54
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#1Santiago Morales (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 9
#2Alicia Vallorani (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)
Last.Koraly Pérez-Edgar (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 30
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#1Karen D. Rudolph (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 39
#2Megan M. Davis (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 3
Last.Eva H. Telzer (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 31
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#1Katherine Rice Warnell (Texas State University)H-Index: 2
#2Eleonora Sadikova (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 1
Last.Elizabeth Redcay (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 18
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#1Elizabeth Redcay (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 18
#2Katherine Rice Warnell (Texas State University)H-Index: 2
#1Kristie L. Poole (McMaster University)H-Index: 5
#2Alva Tang (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 6
Last.Louis A. Schmidt (McMaster University)H-Index: 40
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