Associations between physical activity and health-related fitness – volume versus pattern

Published on Apr 30, 2016in Journal of Sports Sciences2.81
· DOI :10.1080/02640414.2016.1178393
Sara Knaeps5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UGent: Ghent University),
Jan Bourgois20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UGent: Ghent University)
+ 2 AuthorsJohan Lefevre4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
ABSTRACTApproximately 3.2 million people die of non-communicable diseases (NCD) each year due to insufficient physical activity. Physical activity guidelines are possibly perceived as too demanding and might thus pose a barrier. We addressed the question if a more stable physical activity pattern is associated with higher levels of health-related fitness than one with high and low intensities, regardless of the physical activity level (PAL). Physical activity was objectively measured in 296 men and women (53.7 ± 8.94 years) with the SenseWear Pro Armband®. Using this data, the PAL and a Gini index were calculated to report the physical activity pattern. Health-related fitness was expressed as a fitness index. PAL was weakly correlated to health-related fitness (r = 0.38, P < .0001). The Gini index was also weakly correlated to the fitness index (r = 0.23, P < .0001). Results of the ANCOVA showed that participants in the first quartile of PAL always scored significantly lower for health-related fitness tha...
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