A test of priority effect persistence in semi-natural grasslands through the removal of plant functional groups during community assembly

Published on Dec 1, 2016in BMC Ecology2.381
· DOI :10.1186/s12898-016-0077-9
Kenny Helsen10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven),
Martin Hermy68
Estimated H-index: 68
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven),
Olivier Honnay51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
Background It is known that during plant community assembly, the early colonizing species can affect the establishment, growth or reproductive success of later arriving species, often resulting in unpredictable assembly outcomes. These so called ‘priority effects’ have recently been hypothesized to work through niche-based processes, with early colonizing species either inhibiting the colonization of other species of the same niche through niche preemption, or affecting the colonization success of species of different niches through niche modification. With most work on priority effects performed in controlled, short-term mesocosm experiments, we have little insight in how niche preemption and niche modification processes interact to shape the community composition of natural vegetations. In this study, we used a functional trait approach to identify potential niche-based priority effects in restored semi-natural grasslands. More specifically, we imposed two treatments that strongly altered the community’s functional trait composition; removal of all graminoid species and removal of all legume species, and we compared progressing assembly with unaltered control plots.
  • References (47)
  • Citations (12)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
129 Citations
349 Citations
2 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
349 CitationsSource
#1Elsa E. Cleland (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 49
#2Ellen H. Esch (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 3
Last. Jordan McKinney (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 2
view all 3 authors...
Exotic species are sometimes phenologically distinct from native species in the invaded community, allowing them to be active when there may be reduced competition for resources. In southern California, annual species are particularly problematic invaders, and prior work has shown that these species germinate earlier in the growing season, giving them a competitive advantage over later-germinating native species. This result begs the question, if being active earlier is advantageous, why have no...
29 CitationsSource
#1Catherine Baxendale (Lancaster University)H-Index: 6
#2Kate H. Orwin (Lancaster University)H-Index: 20
Last. Richard D. Bardgett (University of Manchester)H-Index: 97
view all 5 authors...
Plant–soil feedbacks can influence plant growth and community structure by modifying soil biota and nutrients. Because most research has been performed at the species level and in monoculture, our ability to predict responses across species and in mixed communities is limited. As plant traits have been linked to both soil properties and plant growth, they may provide a useful approach for an understanding of feedbacks at a generic level. We measured how monocultures and mixtures of grassland pla...
64 CitationsSource
#1Christiane Roscher (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)H-Index: 47
#2Jens Schumacher (FSU: University of Jena)H-Index: 35
Last. Bernhard Schmid (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 90
view all 4 authors...
Background The prevalence of different biotic processes (limiting similarity, weaker competitor exclusion) and historical contingency due to priority effects are in the focus of ongoing discussions about community assembly and non-random functional trait distributions. Methodology/Principal Findings We experimentally manipulated assembly history in a grassland biodiversity experiment (Jena Experiment) by applying two factorially crossed split-plot treatments to all communities: (i) duration of w...
15 CitationsSource
#1Philipp Von Gillhaussen (University of Bayreuth)H-Index: 4
#2Uwe Rascher (Forschungszentrum Jülich)H-Index: 44
Last. Vicky M. Temperton (University of Bayreuth)H-Index: 11
view all 6 authors...
Priority effects occur when species that arrive first in a habitat significantly affect the establishment, growth, or reproduction of species arriving later and thus affect functioning of communities. However, we know little about how the timing of arrival of functionally different species may alter structure and function during assembly. Even less is known about how plant density might interact with initial assembly. In a greenhouse experiment legumes, grasses or forbs were sown a number of wee...
42 CitationsSource
#1Rachel L. Vannette (Stanford University)H-Index: 17
#2Tadashi Fukami (Stanford University)H-Index: 39
The way species affect one another in ecological communities often depends on the order of species arrival. The magnitude of such historical contingency, known as priority effects, varies across species and environments, but this variation has proven difficult to predict, presenting a major challenge in understanding species interactions and consequences for community structure and function. Here, we argue that improved predictions can be achieved by decomposing species' niches into three compon...
105 CitationsSource
#1Christine Plückers (University of Bayreuth)H-Index: 2
#2Uwe Rascher (Forschungszentrum Jülich)H-Index: 44
Last. Victoria Martine Temperton (University of Bayreuth)H-Index: 13
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Several longer-term assembly studies on ex-arable land have found that species that arrive first at a disturbed site can play a key role in the further development of the community and that this priority effect influences aboveground productivity, species diversity and stability of the grassland communities that develop. Restoration of nutrient poor, species rich grasslands is often limited by seed dispersal as well as the accessibility of suitable microsites for establishment. Sowing s...
18 CitationsSource
#1János Podani (ELTE: Eötvös Loránd University)H-Index: 31
#2Carlo Ricotta (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 35
Last. Dénes Schmera (University of Basel)H-Index: 23
view all 3 authors...
We describe a procedure for evaluating the relative importance of beta diversity, nestedness, and similarity properties of ecological data matrices containing density, cover or biomass scores of species. Our goals are achieved by extension of the simplex approach – originally proposed for presence–absence data – to abundances. Basically, the method involves decomposition of the Marczewski–Steinhaus coefficient of dissimilarity between pairs of sites into two fractions, one derived from differenc...
46 CitationsSource
#1Jodi N. Price (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 17
#2Meelis Pärtel (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 48
Synthesis We used meta-analyses to examine experimental evidence that functional similarity between invaders and resident communities reduces invasion. We synthesized evidence from studies that experimentally added seed to resident communities in which the functional group composition had been manipulated. We found communities containing functionally similar resident species reduced invasion of forb but not grass invaders. However, experimental design dramatically influenced the results – with e...
52 CitationsSource
#1Kenny Helsen (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 10
#2Martin Hermy (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 68
Last. Olivier Honnay (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 51
view all 3 authors...
Summary 1. Ecological restoration schemes often assume that after reinstating appropriate abiotic conditions, plant communities will assemble following a single predictable pathway towards a fixed target state. This idea has recently been challenged, with increasing evidence that plant community assembly can only be considered deterministic at the plant trait level, rather than at the species level, and that the assembly outcome is largely influenced by the spatial context of the restoration sit...
35 CitationsSource
Cited By12
#1Jie Hu (NAU: Nanjing Agricultural University)H-Index: 5
#2Zhong Wei (NAU: Nanjing Agricultural University)H-Index: 20
Last. Alexandre Jousset (NAU: Nanjing Agricultural University)H-Index: 28
view all 6 authors...
The rhizosphere microbiome is essential for plant growth and health, and numerous studies have attempted to link microbiome functionality to species and trait composition. However, to date little is known about the actual ecological processes shaping community composition, complicating attempts to steer microbiome functionality. Here, we assess the development of microbial life history and community-level species interaction patterns that emerge during plant development. Crucially, we use microb...
#1Manon C.M. Hess (AMU: Aix-Marseille University)H-Index: 2
#2Elise Buisson (AMU: Aix-Marseille University)H-Index: 24
Last. François Mesléard (AMU: Aix-Marseille University)H-Index: 18
view all 6 authors...
#1Anna M. Groves (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 2
#2Jonathan T. Bauer (Miami University)H-Index: 1
Last. Lars A. Brudvig (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 27
view all 3 authors...
Ecological restoration — the rebuilding of damaged or destroyed ecosystems — is a critical component of conservation efforts, but is hindered by inconsistent, unpredictable outcomes. We investigated a source of this variation that is anecdotally suggested by practitioners, but for which empirical evidence is rare: the weather conditions during the first growing season after planting. The idea of whether natural communities face long-term consequences from conditions even many years in the past, ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Wynne E. Moss (CU: University of Colorado Boulder)
#2Travis McDevitt-Galles (CU: University of Colorado Boulder)H-Index: 4
Last. Pieter T. J. Johnson (CU: University of Colorado Boulder)H-Index: 51
view all 4 authors...
Community composition is driven by a few key assembly processes: ecological selection, drift, and dispersal. Nested parasite communities represent a powerful study system for understanding the relative importance of these processes and their relationship with biological scale. Quantifying beta-diversity across scales and over time additionally offer mechanistic insights into the ecological processes shaping the distributions of parasites and therefore infectious disease. To examine factors drivi...
#1Alicia Montesinos-Navarro (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 11
#2Isabelle Storer (University of Portsmouth)
Last. Rocío Pérez-Barrales (University of Portsmouth)H-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
ABSTRACT The structure of plant communities is often influenced by facilitative interactions where ‘facilitated’ plants gain a benefit from growing associated with ‘nurse’ plants. Facilitation has been mostly studied from the facilitated plant’s perspective, and bidirectional effects between nurse and facilitated plants have received less attention. We hypothesized that reciprocal benefits in plant-plant interactions may emerge when interactions are considered along the life-span of the plants i...
#1Tian-Jian Qin (BFU: Beijing Forestry University)H-Index: 1
#2Yu-Ting Guan (BFU: Beijing Forestry University)H-Index: 1
Last. Fei-Hai Yu (Taizhou University)H-Index: 28
view all 8 authors...
#1Yongzhi Tian (Xinjiang Normal University)
#2Xiaolin Ma (Xinjiang Normal University)
Last. Dengdi An (Xinjiang Normal University)
view all 6 authors...
: Nitrogen is the key factor for plant survival and growth, especially in the desert. Stipagrostis pennata, a sand born drought-resistant plant, could colonize pioneerly in Gurbantunggut Desert during revegetation. One strategy for their environment adaptation was the rhizosheath formatted by root-hair, mucilaginous exudates, microbial components, and soil particles, for which not only provides a favorable living microenvironment but also supplies essential nutrients. To understand the relations...
#1Farzad Aslani (UT: University of Tartu)
#2A. Shukor Juraimi (UPM: Universiti Putra Malaysia)H-Index: 1
Last. Mohammad Bahram (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 31
view all 7 authors...
Invasive plant species pose a global threat because they alter ecosystem functioning and biodiversity. The majority of plants form mutualistic mycorrhizal associations with mycorrhizal fungi, which contribute to the nutrient and water supply as well as diversity, competitive ability, and ecosystem productivity. In addition, the role of mycorrhizal interactions in plant invasiveness and the susceptibility or resistance of a habitat to invasion is increasingly recognized. However, the mechanisms b...
#1Charles B. Halpern (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 36
#2Joseph A. Antos (UVic: University of Victoria)H-Index: 31
Last. Annette M. Olson (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 7
view all 4 authors...
Woody‐plant encroachment represents a global threat to grasslands. Although the causes and consequences of this regime shift have received substantial attention, the processes that constrain reassembly of the grassland state remain poorly understood. We experimentally tested two potentially important controls on reassembly, the past influence of trees and the effects of fire, in conifer‐invaded grasslands (mountain meadows) of western Oregon. Previously, we had reconstructed the history of tree ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Manon C.M. Hess (AMU: Aix-Marseille University)H-Index: 2
#2François Mesléard (AMU: Aix-Marseille University)H-Index: 18
Last. Elise Buisson (AMU: Aix-Marseille University)H-Index: 24
view all 3 authors...
Many anthropic activities generate soil disturbances, favoring competitive, fast growing invasive plant species at the expense of natives. Active restoration of invasion-resistant plant communities is increasingly recognized as a relevant strategy to combat invasive plant colonization in disturbed areas, but results are often unsatisfying. Historical effects, referred as “priority effects” (i.e. the effects generated by the order in which species arrive at a local site), can have a major role in...
4 CitationsSource