Marker of endothelial dysfunction may improve the early detection of insulin resistance and subclinical atherosclerosis
Materials and methods A sample of 998 individuals from the ELSA-Brazil (35-54 yrs.) without cardiovascular disease or diabetes was stratified according to E-selectin tertiles. Traditional risk factors, inflammatory markers and categories of coronary artery calcium (CAC) score were evaluated across the tertiles by ANOVA or chi-squared test. In linear regression models, associations of E-selectin levels with insulin resistance index, adjusted for age, sex and adiposity were tested.