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Avoiding the issue: Disengagement coping style and the personality–CWB link

Published on Mar 14, 2016in Human Performance1.098
· DOI :10.1080/08959285.2016.1148036
Mindy K. Shoss6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UCF: University of Central Florida),
Emily M. Hunter13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Baylor University),
Lisa M. Penney12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of South Florida Sarasota–Manatee)
Abstract
ABSTRACTThe current study positions coping as a motivational framework to understand why Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability, and Agreeableness are related to the performance of organization- and person-directed counterproductive work behavior (CWB) when employees experience constraints at work. In particular, we hypothesized a moderated meditational model wherein individuals low in Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Emotional Stability engage in CWB because these traits contribute to a preferred style of coping with stressors (disengagement coping style) that is particularly likely to be triggered when one’s coping preferences are consistent with the coping demands of the situation. Our hypotheses were supported and point to the joint importance of personality-based coping predispositions and situational demands in determining the use of CWB as a coping strategy.
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  • Citations (1)
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References84
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#1Laurenz L. Meier (USF: University of South Florida)H-Index: 29
#2Paul E. Spector (USF: University of South Florida)H-Index: 83
Previous research has clearly shown that work stressors are positively related to counterproductive work behavior (CWB). Most of these studies, however, used cross-sectional designs, which limits insight into the direction of effects. Nevertheless, it has been assumed that work stressors have a causal effect on CWB, but the role of CWB as an antecedent of work stressors has been neglected. The present study examined lagged reciprocal relationships between work stressors and CWB. We assumed that ...
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#1Christopher M. Berry (A&M: Texas A&M University)H-Index: 20
#2Nichelle C. Carpenter (A&M: Texas A&M University)H-Index: 9
Last. Clare L. Barratt (A&M: Texas A&M University)H-Index: 3
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Much of the recent research on counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs) has used multi-item selfreport measures of CWB. Because of concerns over self-report measurement, there have been recent calls to collect ratings of employees’ CWB from their supervisors or coworkers (i.e., other-raters) as alternatives or supplements to self-ratings. However, little is still known about the degree to which other-ratings of CWB capture unique and valid incremental variance beyond self-report CWB. The present ...
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Summary Pro-social rule breaking (PSRB) is a form of constructive deviance characterized by volitional rule breaking in the interest of the organization or its stakeholders. Over the course of three studies, we developed a generalizable measure of PSRB and placed it in a nomological network with personality, workplace perceptions, counterproductive behaviors, and task and contextual performance ratings made by supervisors and coworkers. Results indicate that PSRB is negatively related to task pe...
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In this study, the relationships among boredom proneness, job boredom, and counterproductive work behaviour (CWB) were examined. Boredom proneness consists of several factors, which include external stimulation and internal stimulation. Given the strong relationships between both the external stimulation factor of boredom proneness (BP-ext) and anger as well as the strong relationship between trait anger and CWB, we hypothesized that examining BP-ext would help us to better understand why employ...
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#1Brian S. Connelly (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 16
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The bulk of personality research has been built from self-report measures of personality. However, collecting personality ratings from other-raters, such as family, friends, and even strangers, is a dramatically underutilized method that allows better explanation and prediction of personality's role in many domains of psychology. Drawing hypotheses from D. C. Funder's (1995) realistic accuracy model about trait and information moderators of accuracy, we offer 3 meta-analyses to help researchers ...
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#1Mindy M. Krischer (UH: University of Houston)H-Index: 1
#2Lisa M. Penney (UH: University of Houston)H-Index: 12
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The goal of our study was to determine whether some forms of counterproductive work behavior (CWB) may serve to benefit employees. Building on the stressor‐strain framework and theories of coping, we investigated whether two forms of CWB, production deviance and withdrawal, serve as a means of coping to mitigate the impact of low distributive and procedural justice on emotional exhaustion. Results from a survey of 295 employed persons from around the United States suggest that production devianc...
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#1Charles S. Carver (UM: University of Miami)H-Index: 101
#2Jennifer K. Connor-Smith (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 18
Personality psychology addresses views of human nature and individual differences. Biological and goal-based views of human nature provide an especially useful basis for construing coping; the five-factor model of traits adds a useful set of individual differences. Coping—responses to adversity and to the distress that results—is categorized in many ways. Meta-analyses link optimism, extraversion, conscientiousness, and openness to more engagement coping; neuroticism to more disengagement coping...
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#1Tanja Wranik (University of Geneva)H-Index: 3
#2Klaus R. Scherer (University of Geneva)H-Index: 90
Anger is one of the most frequent emotional experiences in normal, everyday life. Surprisingly, however, anger as an emotion still tends to be narrowly defined and poorly understood. In particular, concepts such as anger, hostility, aggression, and frustration are used interchangeably, making scientific research and practical knowledge difficult to integrate. Moreover, even when anger is explicitly defined, often implicit and untested assumptions are made, for example, (1) that anger is directed...
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#1Benjamin B. Lahey (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 96
The personality trait of neuroticism refers to relatively stable tendencies to respond with negative emotions to threat, frustration, or loss. Individuals in the population vary markedly on this trait, ranging from frequent and intense emotional reactions to minor challenges to little emotional reaction even in the face of significant difficul- ties. Although not widely appreciated, there is growing evidence that neuroticism is a psychological trait of profound public health significance. Neurot...
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Meta-analysis is frequently combined with multiple regression or path analysis to examine how the Big Five/Five-Factor Model (FFM) personality traits relate to work outcomes. A common approach in such studies is to construct a synthetic correlation matrix by combining new meta-analyses of FFM-criterion correlations with previously published meta-analytic FFM intercorrelations. Many meta-analytic FFM intercorrelation matrices exist in the literature, with 3 matrices being frequently used in indus...
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#1Jason L. Huang (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 15
#2Jonathan A. Shaffer (WT: West Texas A&M University)H-Index: 23
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