Predictors of societal accident proneness across 92 countries

Published on Apr 1, 2016in Cross-Cultural Research1.324
· DOI :10.1177/1069397115626139
Michael Minkov20
Estimated H-index: 20
This study finds that road death tolls, occupational fatality rates, and airline safety are strongly correlated across 92 countries, yielding a common factor: national societal accident proneness. It is independently predicted by national differences in transparency versus corruption and differences in education. This finding has important practical implications: Substantial reduction of a nation's societal accident proneness requires strong gains in transparency and education. Language: en
  • References (12)
  • Citations (2)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
63 Citations
6 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Esma Gaygısız (METU: Middle East Technical University)H-Index: 7
The relationships between economic conditions, cultural characteristics, personality dimensions, intelligence scores, and road-traffic accident mortality rates were investigated in 30 member and five accession countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Economic indicators included the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, the unemployment rate, and the Gini index. Cultural variables included five Hofstede's cultural dimensions, seven Schwartz cultural valu...
11 CitationsSource
#1Kathryn Mearns (Aberd.: University of Aberdeen)H-Index: 32
#2Steven Yule (Aberd.: University of Aberdeen)H-Index: 26
This paper addresses the issue of occupational safety and how the process of globalisation can potentially influence the attitudes, beliefs and behaviour of disparate 'national' workforces working across the globe for the same multi-national company. The paper reviews published literature on cross-cultural differences in attitudes, perceptions and beliefs regarding safety and presents details of a study examining the relationship between Hofstede's [Hofstede, G., 1984. Culture's Consequences; In...
129 CitationsSource
#1Henriette Wallen Warner (METU: Middle East Technical University)H-Index: 4
#2Türker Özkan (METU: Middle East Technical University)H-Index: 21
Last. Timo Juhani Lajunen (METU: Middle East Technical University)H-Index: 32
view all 3 authors...
Abstract The aim of the present study was to examine if there are any cross-cultural differences between Swedish and Turkish drivers’ rating of the variables in the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) with regard to complying with the speed limit. A sample of 219 Swedish and 252 Turkish drivers completed a questionnaire including questions based on the theory of planned behaviour (i.e. regarding attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioural control, intention and behaviour). The results show th...
27 CitationsSource
#2Robert B. Noland (Imperial College London)H-Index: 38
This paper discusses issues that are encountered in the modelling of the operational behaviour of pedestrians such as the representation of pedestrian street crossing movements and speed choice at a micro‐scale. A comprehensive literature review is undertaken for various parameters of pedestrian movement that are of fundamental importance in any pedestrian modelling approach. These parameters are pedestrian speeds, pedestrian speed--flow--density relationships, pedestrian compliance to traffic s...
75 CitationsSource
#1Türker Özkan (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 21
#2Timo Juhani Lajunen (METU: Middle East Technical University)H-Index: 32
This article reports on a study undertaken to test whether different types of unintentional injuries form a general factor. The study also investigated the relationship between Eysenckian personality dimensions, Hofstede's cultural dimensions, and Schwartz's values, gross national product (GNP) per capita per country, and unintentional injuries in 46 nations. The authors analyses determined that unintentional fatalities were grouped in three categories: safety of daily life, work safety, and tra...
14 CitationsSource
#1Jianguo Yang (Xi'an Jiaotong University)H-Index: 3
#2Wen Deng (Xi'an Jiaotong University)H-Index: 1
Last. Zhaoan Wang (Xi'an Jiaotong University)H-Index: 3
view all 5 authors...
In many Chinese cities, pedestrian's road crossing behavior is different from that of pedestrians in developed countries. This paper presents a pedestrian model for traffic system micro-simulation in China. Considering the high rate of signal non-compliance, we classify pedestrians into two types: law-obeying ones and opportunistic ones. Opportunistic ones decide whether to violate traffic signal during red man, depending on the states of some external factors (like policeman, vehicle flow and o...
115 CitationsSource
#1Päivi Hämäläinen (TUT: Tampere University of Technology)H-Index: 7
#2Jukka Takala (ILO: International Labour Organization)H-Index: 14
Last. Kaija Leena Saarela (TUT: Tampere University of Technology)H-Index: 9
view all 3 authors...
Information of occupational accidents is not standardized worldwide. Especially, developing countries do not have reliable information on their occupational accidents due to lack of proper recording and notification systems. The number of accidents is under-reported but figures are still used as a baseline for occupational safety work. In this paper global estimates of occupational accidents are presented for 175 countries. These estimates are based on figures from selected countries in eight di...
223 CitationsSource
#1David M Bishai (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 15
#2Asma Quresh (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 1
Last. Abdul Ghaffar (Global Forum for Health Research)H-Index: 16
view all 4 authors...
Objective: This paper explores why traffic fatalities increase with GDP per capita in lower income countries and decrease with GDP per capita in wealthy countries. Methods: Data from 41 countries for the period 1992-1996 were obtained on road transport crashes, injuries, and fatalities as well as numbers of vehicles, kilometers of roadway, oil consumption, population, and GDP. Fixed effects regression was used to control for unobservable heterogeneity among countries. Results: A 10% increase in ...
127 CitationsSource
#1Elizabeth Kopits (EPA: United States Environmental Protection Agency)H-Index: 11
#2Maureen L. Cropper (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 43
The authors examine the impact of income growth on the death rate due to traffic fatalities, as well as on fatalities per motor vehicle and on the motorization rate (vehicles/population) using panel data from 1963-99 for 88 countries. Specifically, they estimate fixed effects models for fatalities/population, vehicles/population, and fatalities/vehicles and use these models to project traffic fatalities and the stock of motor vehicles to 2020.The relationship between motor vehicle fatality rate ...
455 CitationsSource
#1Hung-Sying JingH-Index: 10
#2Cj LuH-Index: 1
Last. Sj PengH-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
This study offers indirect proof of the relationship between world aircraft accident rates and national cultural background. The most important cultural variable found in this research was authoritarianism, which can statistically explain more than half the variance in accident rates. Some evidence of authoritarianism is given for a representative case. It is shown that the 'normal' activities in the cockpit designed in the West are highly vulnerable to an authoritarian mentality. Intercultural ...
20 Citations
Cited By2
#1Leonid Grinin (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 16
#2Andrey Korotayev (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 21
Recent years and months have evidenced an increase in deflationary phenomena. The present article defines the reasons for the problem, explains the irregularity of the inflation–deflation processes in the world and forecasts on this basis that the crisis-depressive phase of development in the global economy will continue for a relatively long time. Based on an analysis of available resources and the theory of long cycles, we believe that in the next 5–10 years, the global economy will continue b...
#1Michael MinkovH-Index: 20
#2Pinaki DuttH-Index: 2
Last. Ben Mudd (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 2
view all 8 authors...
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to provide an updated and authoritative measure of individualism vs collectivism (IDV-COLL) as a dimension of national culture. Design/methodology/approach Rather than focus solely on Hofstede’s classic work, the authors review the main nation-level studies of IDV-COLL and related constructs to identify the salient cultural differences between rich societies and developing nations. The authors conceptualize and operationalize IDV-COLL on the basis of those di...
19 CitationsSource