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Evaluation of environment and a feline facial pheromone analogue on physiologic and behavioral measures in cats

Published on Feb 1, 2017in Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery1.584
· DOI :10.1177/1098612X15621107
Laura Mc Conti1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Tatiana Champion1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Sewanee: The University of the South)
+ 6 AuthorsViviane Raposo Fortunato1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
ObjectivesThis study assessed behavioral and physiologic stress parameters in cats placed in two environments: home and the veterinary hospital. With a widely used scale, several parameters were assessed, including respiratory rate (RR), heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), vagosympathetic responses using calculated intervals (heart rate variability [HRV]10, HRV20 and vasovagal tonus index [VVTI]) and ‘stress attitude’, such as struggling, vocalization and agitation during handling. In addition, we evaluated whether a feline facial pheromone analogue (FFPA) had an effect on any of these measures in either environment.MethodsUsing a placebo and a pheromone substance, we evaluated 30 adult and healthy cats at home and in veterinary hospitals. Statistical analyses were performed using the Shapiro–Wilk, Kruskal–Wallis, and Dunn or ANOVA and Tukey tests, as well as Spearman’s correlation (P <0.05).ResultsWe found that exposure to FFPA did not reduce the effects of stress. Some parameters presented d...
  • References (26)
  • Citations (6)
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References26
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#1Mark J. Acierno (MWU: Midwestern University)H-Index: 13
#2Scott A. Brown (UGA: University of Georgia)H-Index: 34
Last. Harriet M. Syme (RVC: Royal Veterinary College)H-Index: 27
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#1Franziska Kuhne (University of Giessen)H-Index: 6
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Abstract Measures of behavioral responses and cardiovascular parameters to evaluate and assess animal well-being are well established. A major aspect of companion animal well-being seems to originate from direct human–animal interaction. For pet dogs, the manner in which they obtain and respond to petting and hugs could interfere with the development of a pleasant human–dog companionship. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate cardiovascular responses by dogs to physical human–dog ...
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#1Jessica M Quimby (CSU: Colorado State University)H-Index: 15
#2Melissa L Smith (CSU: Colorado State University)H-Index: 1
Last. Katharine F. Lunn (CSU: Colorado State University)H-Index: 10
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Physiologic parameters such as blood pressure, rectal temperature, heart rate, and respiratory rate are an important part of the medical assessment of a patient. However, these factors can potentially be affected by stress. The purpose of this study was to compare physiologic parameter data gathered from cats in the home environment with those gathered in a veterinary hospital. Thirty healthy cats were evaluated both at home and at Colorado State University’s Veterinary Medical Center. Doppler s...
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#1Tazuko Iki (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 1
#2Frank Ahrens (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 6
Last. Michael Erhard (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 16
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There is a growing need for an easy assessment of stress levels in cats in order to more effectively diagnose, distinguish and treat stress-related disorders or behavioural problems. Therefore, we investigated which behavioural changes might be associated with an adrenocortical response to an acute stress or (spray bath) and in which magnitude this response depends on the temperament of the cat. A feline temperament profile (FTP), which assesses the behavioural responses of cats in different tes...
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Background The number of pet cats is increasing in most countries, often outnumbering pet dogs, yet cats receive less veterinary care than their canine counterparts.1 Clients state the difficulty of getting the cat into a carrier at home, driving to the clinic, and dealing with the fearful cat at the veterinary clinic as reasons for fewer visits.2 Educating and preparing the client and the veterinary team with regard to respectful feline handling is necessary in order to avoid stress and accompl...
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#1L.I. Slingerland (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 6
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Abstract Continuous direct measurement of feline arterial blood pressure (ABP) was carried out via a modified method with percutaneous, ultrasound guided catheterization of the common carotid artery. In 21 healthy, conscious cats the ABP was measured during rest, alertness and activity. Furthermore, the ABP response to being petted by familiar and unfamiliar persons was assessed. Linear mixed modelling revealed that the mean blood pressure (MBP) in resting cats (114.6 mmHg) was lower (P In concl...
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#1Franz Faul (CAU: University of Kiel)H-Index: 16
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G*Power (Erdfelder, Faul, & Buchner, 1996) was designed as a general stand-alone power analysis program for statistical tests commonly used in social and behavioral research. G*Power 3 is a major extension of, and improvement over, the previous versions. It runs on widely used computer platforms (i.e., Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Mac OS X 10.4) and covers many different statistical tests of thet, F, and χ2 test families. In addition, it includes power analyses forz tests and some exact tests....
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The effects of propofol and sufentanil on cardiac sympathetic and parasympathetic balance were studied, in order to evaluate if sufentanil plays a role in this balance. The heart rate variability of 12 adult dogs was assessed, after premedication with acepromazine and anesthetized with propofol and three different doses of sufentanil, ranging from 0.025 to 0.1µg/kg/min. Electrocardiograms were recorded 15 minutes after premedication and 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes after anesthetic induction....
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