Match!

Concentration of research funding leads to decreasing marginal returns

Published on Mar 25, 2016in Research Evaluation2.88
· DOI :10.1093/reseval/rvw007
Philippe Mongeon8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UdeM: Université de Montréal),
Christine Brodeur1
Estimated H-index: 1
(École Polytechnique de Montréal)
+ 1 AuthorsVincent Larivière38
Estimated H-index: 38
(UdeM: Université de Montréal)
Cite
Abstract
In most countries, basic research is supported by research councils that select, after peer review, the individuals or teams that are to receive funding. Unfortunately, the number of grants these research councils can allocate is not infinite and, in most cases, a minority of the researchers receive the majority of the funds. However, evidence as to whether this is an optimal way of distributing available funds is mixed. The purpose of this study is to measure the relation between the amount of funding provided to 12,720 researchers in Quebec over a 15-year period (1998–2012) and their scientific output and impact from 2000 to 2013. Our results show that in terms of both the quantity of papers produced and their scientific impact, the concentration of research funding in the hands of the so-called ‘elite’ of researchers generally produces diminishing marginal returns. Also, we find that the most funded researchers do not stand out in terms of output and scientific impact.
  • References (33)
  • Citations (12)
Cite
References33
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2016in Scientometrics2.77
Philippe Mongeon8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UdeM: Université de Montréal),
Adèle Paul-Hus6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UdeM: Université de Montréal)
Bibliometric methods are used in multiple fields for a variety of purposes, namely for research evaluation. Most bibliometric analyses have in common their data sources: Thomson Reuters' Web of Science (WoS) and Elsevier's Scopus. The objective of this research is to describe the journal coverage of those two databases and to assess whether some field, publishing country and language are over or underrepresented. To do this we compared the coverage of active scholarly journals in WoS (13,605 jou...
Published on Jul 1, 2013in Applied Economics0.97
Sharmistha Nag1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Hui Yang3
Estimated H-index: 3
(BofA: Bank of America)
+ 1 AuthorsDavid E. Ervin15
Estimated H-index: 15
(PSU: Portland State University)
Despite widespread awareness that scientific record and grant funding reinforce one another, empirical models of scientific production normally consider laboratory inputs to be exogenous. The present article employs a cross-section of academic bioscientists to examine the mutual relationship between research output and financial support. Information's nonrival character is such that scientific output and funding success cannot be expressed in strictly supply-and-demand terms. We find the typical...
Published on Jun 19, 2013in PLOS ONE2.78
Jean-Michel Fortin2
Estimated H-index: 2
(U of O: University of Ottawa),
David J. Currie41
Estimated H-index: 41
(U of O: University of Ottawa)
Agencies that fund scientific research must choose: is it more effective to give large grants to a few elite researchers, or small grants to many researchers? Large grants would be more effective only if scientific impact increases as an accelerating function of grant size. Here, we examine the scientific impact of individual university-based researchers in three disciplines funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC). We considered four indices of scientifi...
Published on Dec 1, 2012in Nature43.07
Joshua M. Nicholson11
Estimated H-index: 11
,
John P. A. Ioannidis147
Estimated H-index: 147
Too many US authors of the most innovative and influential papers in the life sciences do not receive NIH funding, contend Joshua M. Nicholson and John P. A. Ioannidis.
Published on Sep 1, 2012in Nature43.07
Jeremy M Berg49
Estimated H-index: 49
An added layer of review for elite grant-holders upholds the mission of the National Institutes of Health, says Jeremy M. Berg.
Published on Sep 1, 2012in Research Evaluation2.88
Thed N. van Leeuwen32
Estimated H-index: 32
(LEI: Leiden University),
Henk F. Moed43
Estimated H-index: 43
(LEI: Leiden University)
This article presents an analysis of the funding policies of three research councils at the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO). The key issue is the extent to which these three councils recognized scientific excellence, and particularly, whether they succeeded in rewarding the grants of the most successful and influential researchers. Data on grant applications provided by NWO for the time period 2000--4 were combined with bibliometric indicators of past research performance ...
Published on Nov 22, 2011in Aslib Proceedings1.70
A. Jowkar2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Shiraz University),
Fereshteh Didegah9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Ali Gazni7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz)
Purpose – This paper's aim is to examine the citation impact of Iranian funded research publications and compare it with research which received no funding.Design/methodology/approach – Using a bibliometric method, the study investigated 80,300 Iranian publications published from 2000 to 2009 in SCI‐EXPANDED to discover the percentage of funded publications and to determine the citation impact of these publications in comparison with unfunded ones.Findings – The results of the study showed that ...
Published on Jul 1, 2011in Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association4.29
Kevin W. Boyack27
Estimated H-index: 27
,
Paul Jordan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(RTP: Research Triangle Park)
Objective To introduce the availability of grant-to-article linkage data associated with National Institutes of Health (NIH) grants and to perform a high-level analysis of the publication outputs and impacts associated with those grants. Design Articles were linked to the grants they acknowledge using the grant acknowledgment strings in PubMed using a parsing and matching process as embodied in the NIH Scientific Publication Information Retrieval & Evaluation System system. Additional data from ...
Published on Feb 1, 2011in Research Policy5.42
Thomas Bolli7
Estimated H-index: 7
(ETH Zurich),
Frank Somogyi3
Estimated H-index: 3
(ETH Zurich)
Abstract This paper analyzes the impact of private and public third-party funds on the productivity of Swiss university departments and public research institutions. Estimating a production function assuming that labor inputs produce master students and scientific publications reveals a positive effect of public third-party funding on productivity but not for private funds. However, once we include technology transfer as an additional output, the coefficient for public third-party funding turns ...
Cited By12
Newest
Published on Jun 14, 2019in Scientometrics2.77
Fernanda Morillo10
Estimated H-index: 10
(CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)
The advancement of scientific research requires an adequate investment, which calls for promoting fair political decisions about the allocation of limited resources. In this context, funders need to be properly informed to assess the results of research lines or programmes. The WoS databases can help in making decisions, since they include the funding acknowledgements of documents along with additional useful data. The purpose of this paper is to analyse, in four different disciplines, the possi...
Wayne P. Wahls18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences)
The NIH is the federal steward of biomedical research in the United States. Taxpayers fund the NIH; the NIH supports research into the underlying biology, etiology, and treatment of diseases; and benefits of that research are returned to taxpayers. This is a large and complex enterprise, but at its core are two fundamental principles. The NIH is obligated to distribute its research grants and grant dollars in a fair and impartial manner among qualified investigators nationwide and to maximize th...
Published on 2018in arXiv: Physics and Society
Alessandro Pluchino18
Estimated H-index: 18
,
Alessio Emanuele Biondo7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Andrea Rapisarda24
Estimated H-index: 24
We review recent numerical results on the role of talent and luck in getting success by means of a schematic agent-based model. In general the role of luck is found to be very relevant in order to get success, while talent is necessary but not sufficient. Funding strategies to improve the success of the most talented people are also discussed.
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Journal of Informetrics3.88
Zhifeng Yin1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CUFE: Central University of Finance and Economics),
Zheng Liang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(THU: Tsinghua University),
Qiang Zhi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CUFE: Central University of Finance and Economics)
Abstract Basic research is the main powerhouse of a country’s potential for continuous economic growth, and national-level scientific research funding is an important source of capital that supports this basic research. Given these observations, this paper takes micro-level data from projects funded by the Department of Management Sciences in the National Natural Science Foundation of China between 2006 and 2010 to examine the relationship between the efficient use of research funding and the le...
Stephen A. Gallo20
Estimated H-index: 20
,
Scott R. Glisson5
Estimated H-index: 5
Peer review is used commonly across science as a tool to evaluate the merit and potential impact of research projects and make funding recommendations. While potential impact is likely difficult to assess ex-ante, there have been relatively few attempts made to get a sense of the predictive accuracy of review decisions using impact measures of the results of the completed projects. Although many outputs, and thus potential measures of impact, exist for research projects, the overwhelming majorit...
Published on Jul 13, 2018in bioRxiv
Wayne P. Wahls18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences)
Scientific output is not a linear function of amounts of federal grant support to individual investigators. As funding per investigator increases beyond a certain point, productivity decreases. This study reports that such diminishing marginal returns also apply for National Institutes of Health (NIH) research project grant funding to institutions. Analyses of data (2006-2015) for a representative cross-section of institutions, whose amounts of funding ranged from 3 million to 40 million per ...
Published on Jul 1, 2018in Physica A-statistical Mechanics and Its Applications2.50
Ding-wei Huang8
Estimated H-index: 8
(CYCU: Chung Yuan Christian University)
We propose a new model to investigate the theoretical implications of a novel funding system. We introduce new parameters to model the accumulated advantage. We assume that all scientists are equal and follow the same regulations. The model presents three distinct regimes. In regime (I), the fluidity of funding is significant. The funding distribution is continuous. The concentration of funding is effectively suppressed. In both regimes (II) and (III), a small group of scientists emerges as a ci...
Published on May 1, 2018in Advances in Complex Systems0.87
Alessandro Pluchino18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Catania),
Alessio Emanuele Biondo7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Catania),
Andrea Rapisarda24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Catania)
The largely dominant meritocratic paradigm of highly competitive Western cultures is rooted on the belief that success is mainly due, if not exclusively, to personal qualities such as talent, intelligence, skills, smartness, efforts, willfulness, hard work or risk taking. Sometimes, we are willing to admit that a certain degree of luck could also play a role in achieving significant success. But, as a matter of fact, it is rather common to underestimate the importance of external forces in indiv...
Published on Mar 23, 2018in eLife7.55
Wayne P. Wahls18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences)
Published on Mar 23, 2018in eLife7.55
Wayne P. Wahls18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences)
View next paperAssociation of percentile ranking with citation impact and productivity in a large cohort of de novo NIMH-funded R01 grants.