Match!

Labelling of electronic cigarettes: regulations and current practice

Published on Jan 1, 2017in Tobacco Control6.22
· DOI :10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052683
Federico Buonocore2
Estimated H-index: 2
(KUL: Kingston University),
Ana C N Marques Gomes3
Estimated H-index: 3
(KUL: Kingston University)
+ 2 AuthorsGianpiero Calabrese7
Estimated H-index: 7
(KUL: Kingston University)
Abstract
Background Over the past decade e-cigarettes have established themselves in the global market. E-cigarettes triggered much interest in relation to their content and efficacy as smoking cessation tools, but less attention has been paid to users and environmental safety warnings and guidance. Several regulations have been introduced to promote their safe handling and disposal. From May 2016, liquids and cartridges will be regulated by European Community Directives (ECDs) 2001/83/EC and 93/42/EEC, or 2014/40/EU if marketed as tobacco-related products. Currently, manufacturers and distributors must abide by the Chemical (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2009 (CHIP) or Classification, Labelling and Packaging Regulations (CLP), the latter replacing CHIP in June 2015. Objective In this work, the compliance of marketed e-liquids and e-cigarettes with current European Union and UK legislations is assessed. Results E-liquids and e-cigarettes (21 and 9 brands, respectively) were evaluated. Evidence of non-compliance was found in relation to the CHIP/CLP toxic (13%) and environmental (37%) pictograms, tactile warning (23%), nominal amount of solution (30%), supplier contact telephone number and address (40%). None of the evaluated e-cigarettes displayed information on the correct disposal/recycling of batteries in line with the ECD 2006/66/EC. Conclusions More stringent enforcement of regulations is needed to ensure not only the user9s safety and awareness, but also the safeguarding of the environment.
  • References (17)
  • Citations (12)
References17
Newest
#1James K. Ruffle (QMUL: Queen Mary University of London)H-Index: 5
27 CitationsSource
#1Linda BauldH-Index: 34
#2Kathryn AngusH-Index: 19
Last.Marisa De AndradeH-Index: 9
view all 3 authors...
15 Citations
100 Citations
#1John R. White (WSU: Washington State University)H-Index: 11
#2Donelle Howell (WSU: Washington State University)H-Index: 11
Last.Jennifer M. Cameron (WSU: Washington State University)H-Index: 5
view all 4 authors...
102 CitationsSource
#1Bernd Mayer (University of Graz)H-Index: 71
116 CitationsSource
#1Marylou BehnkeH-Index: 28
#2Vincent C. SmithH-Index: 17
Last.NewbornH-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
252 CitationsSource
#1Maciej L. Goniewicz (Medical University of Silesia)H-Index: 32
#2Tomasz Kuma (Medical University of Silesia)H-Index: 2
Last.Leon Kosmider (Medical University of Silesia)H-Index: 5
view all 5 authors...
337 CitationsSource
#1Jennifer E. BruinH-Index: 11
#2Hertzel C. Gerstein (McMaster University)H-Index: 93
Last.Alison C. HollowayH-Index: 35
view all 3 authors...
196 CitationsSource
221 CitationsSource
#1Kristiina Marttila (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 2
#2Helena Raattamaa (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 4
Last.Liisa Ahtee (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 32
view all 3 authors...
46 CitationsSource
Cited By12
Newest
#1Jennah M. Sontag (RU: Rutgers University)H-Index: 2
#2Olivia A. Wackowski (RU: Rutgers University)H-Index: 15
Last.David Hammond (UW: University of Waterloo)H-Index: 54
view all 3 authors...
Source
#1Amy L. Nyman (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 10
#2Scott R. Weaver (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 20
Last.Michael P. Eriksen (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 32
view all 6 authors...
Source
#1Charis Girvalaki (UoC: University of Crete)H-Index: 5
#2Alexander I. Vardavas (UoC: University of Crete)H-Index: 7
Last.Constantine I. Vardavas (UoC: University of Crete)H-Index: 25
view all 7 authors...
Source
#1Hanno C. Erythropel (Yale University)H-Index: 11
#2Sairam V. Jabba (Yale University)H-Index: 11
Last.Julie B. Zimmerman (Yale University)H-Index: 35
view all 7 authors...
11 CitationsSource
#1E. Papaefstathiou (UCY: University of Cyprus)
#2Marinos Stylianou (UCY: University of Cyprus)H-Index: 13
Last.Agapios Agapiou (UCY: University of Cyprus)H-Index: 16
view all 3 authors...
Source
#1Christopher Berry (CSU: Colorado State University)H-Index: 5
#2Scot Burton (UA: University of Arkansas)H-Index: 47
Last.Elizabeth Howlett (WSU: Washington State University)H-Index: 16
view all 3 authors...
15 CitationsSource
#1Justyna Aszyk (GUT: Gdańsk University of Technology)H-Index: 5
#2Mateusz Kacper Woźniak (GUT: Gdańsk University of Technology)H-Index: 5
Last.Andrzej Wasik (GUT: Gdańsk University of Technology)H-Index: 4
view all 6 authors...
5 CitationsSource
#1Allison M. GlasserH-Index: 10
#2Lauren K. CollinsH-Index: 9
Last.Andrea C. Villanti (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 28
view all 7 authors...
143 CitationsSource
#1Devin K. Loewenstein (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 1
#2Holly R. Middlekauff (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 43
4 CitationsSource
2 CitationsSource