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What is resilience? An Integrative Review of the empirical literature.

Published on May 1, 2016in Journal of Advanced Nursing2.376
· DOI :10.1111/jan.12888
Gemma Aburn2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Auckland),
Merryn Gott38
Estimated H-index: 38
(University of Auckland),
Karen Hoare9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Auckland)
Sources
Abstract
Aim To use systematic methods to examine how resilience is defined in empirical research. Background Resilience is a term that is increasingly being used to describe and explain the complexities of individual and group responses to traumatic and challenging situations. It is now frequently mentioned in relation to many areas of nursing practice, including research. Given the increasing use of the term, it is timely to examine how resilience has been defined in empirical research. Design An integrative review of the empirical literature (2000–2015). Data sources Three health-related databases were searched: Medline, PsycINFO and the Cumulative Index for Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL). Reference and citation tracking was performed on all articles included in the review. Review methods The methods described by Whittemore and Knafl were used to guide this review. Two reviewers were involved in screening articles for inclusion and in the data extraction process. Data were synthesized using the constant comparative method of analysis. Results One hundred articles were included in the final data analysis. The most significant finding of the review was that there is no universal definition of resilience. There were, however, some common themes identified: rising above, adaptation and adjustment, dynamic process, ‘ordinary magic’ and mental illness as a marker of resilience. Conclusion Despite the increasing use of the term ‘resilience’, this review has identified that there is no universal definition of resilience adopted in the research literature. Further research is required to explore this construct in the context of nursing.
  • References (95)
  • Citations (83)
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References95
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#2Alison Hutton (Flinders University)H-Index: 14
Last. Lindy King (Flinders University)H-Index: 20
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Summary Resilience has been suggested as an important coping strategy for nurses working in demanding settings, such as paediatric oncology. This qualitative study explored paediatric oncology nurses' perceptions of their development of resilience and how this resilience underpinned their ability to deal with work-related stressors. Five paediatric oncology nurses were interviewed about their understanding of the concept of resilience, their preferred coping mechanisms, and their day-today work ...
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#1Michael Rutter ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 173
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#1Amanda Howe (UEA: University of East Anglia)H-Index: 34
#2Anna Smajdor (UEA: University of East Anglia)H-Index: 11
Last. Andrea Stöckl (UEA: University of East Anglia)H-Index: 6
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This article explores the concept of resilience and its potential relevance to medicine. It also looks at the dimensions of resilience and its ethical importance for effective professional practice, and considers whether a focus on resilience might be useful in medical training.
162 CitationsSource
#1Caroline Mansfield (Murdoch University)H-Index: 22
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Last. Andrew McConney (Murdoch University)H-Index: 16
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#1Bienke M. Janssen (Fontys University of Applied Sciences)H-Index: 5
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This study seeks to explore the sources of strength giving rise to resilience among older people. Twenty-nine in-depth interviews were conducted with older people who receive long-term community care. The interviews were subjected to a thematic content analysis. The findings suggest that the main sources of strength identified among older people were constituted on three domains of analysis; the individual-, interactional and contextual domain. The individual domain refers to the qualities withi...
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Abstract Objective Synthesize the evidence relating to the interaction of resilience, stress, and well-being in undergraduate nursing students across countries. Design Systematic review Data sources Peer reviewed studies published from 2008 to December 2018 were searched in CINAHL, Web of Science, Medline (OVID), PsycINFo and four biomedical databases originating from China (China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang Data, VIP and CMB). Review methods Adhering to the preferred reporting it...
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Nurse resilience is attracting increasing attention in research and practice. Possession of a high level of resilience is cited as being crucial for nurses to succeed professionally and manage workplace stressors. There is no agreed definition of nurse resilience. A concept analysis was undertaken to examine nurse resilience using a priori selected analysis framework. This concept analysis aims to systematically analyse resilience as it relates to nurses and establish a working definition of nur...
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Purpose The purpose of this study is to explore the empirical literature on the resilience of firefighters related to potentially traumatic events (PTE). This paper identifies how resilience is defined in this particular research field, reveals trends in applied research methods and examines the main topics addressed in previous research. Design Web of Science, PsycARTICLES and Google Scholar databases were searched, as well as a secondary manual screening of the reference lists of all the selec...
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