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The Effects of The Pedometer-based Intervention on Body Composition in Middle-aged Thais with Overweight: A Preliminary Study

Kornanong Yuenyongchaiwat3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Thammasat University)
Abstract
Background: Obesity and overweight are major risk factors of cardiovascular disease. Increased physical activity has been suggested to prevent cardiovascular diseases. However, most studies have been completed in North America and Europe; only a few studies were conducted in Asia. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to explore whether the effects of the pedometer-based intervention on body composition in participants who are overweight. Methods: Thirty-five overweight participants who had body mass index ≥ 25 kg•m -2 were participated and were assigned to the 12-week pedometer-based walking program (10,000 steps•d -1 ). Body composition was measured initially before and after the 12-week intervention. The amount of step-counts, 5-days a week was recorded in a diary booklet. Results: During the walking intervention, 30 individuals who had accumulated 10,000 steps•d -1 had a significantly lower body weight (-1.57 kg.), waist circumference (-2.48 cm), body mass index (.63 kg•m -2 ), and body fat percentage (-3.17 %), body fat mass (- 2.69 kg.), Lean body mass (1.12 kg.), Fat free mass index (1.08 kg•m -2 ), and body fat mass index (-1.08 kg•m -2 ) compared with measurement prior to the study program. Conclusions: The accumulation at least 10,000 steps•d -1 resulted in decreased body weight, body mass index, % body fat, and waist circumference. This has shown that an increase in physical activity by accumulating at least 10,000 steps•d -1 over 12 weeks can improve body composition in overweight Thai participants. Keywords : physical activity; walking; pedometer; overweight; body composition
  • References (20)
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#1Wichai Aekplakorn (MU: Mahidol University)H-Index: 31
#2Rungkarn InthawongH-Index: 4
Last. Surasak TaneepanichskulH-Index: 20
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We determined the prevalence of obesity in Thai adults aged 20 and over in 2009 and examined trends of body mass index (BMI) between 1991 and 2009. Data from Thai National Health Examination Survey for 19,181 adults in 2009 and 64,480 adults between 1991 and 2004 were used to calculate age-adjusted mean and prevalence. Logistic regression was used to examine the association of obesity with education level. In 2009, age-adjusted prevalence of obesity classes I (BMI 25–29.9 kg/m2) and II (BMI ≥30 ...
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#1Nattinee JitnarinH-Index: 15
#2Vongsvat KosulwatH-Index: 11
Last. W. S. C. Poston (NDRI: National Development and Research Institutes)H-Index: 5
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Overweight and obesity are considered a serious health problem in Thailand. This study examined the prevalence of overweight and obesity in a nationally representative sample of Thai children and adults based on international standards. A cross-sectional population survey of 16,596 Thais aged 3 years and over was conducted. Heights and weights were obtained using standardized methods. Estimates of the overweight and obesity prevalence in children, adolescents, and adults were computed. The preva...
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#1Catrine Tudor-Locke (Pennington Biomedical Research Center)H-Index: 66
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The metabolic syndrome refers to the co-occurrence of several known cardiovascular risk factors, including insulin resistance, obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia and hypertension. These conditions are interrelated and share underlying mediators, mechanisms and pathways. There has been recent controversy about its definition and its utility. In this article, I review the current definitions for the metabolic syndrome and why the concept is important. It identifies a subgroup of patients with share...
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#2Varapat Pakpeankitwatana (MU: Mahidol University)H-Index: 1
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Objective: To assess pedometer-determined physical activity levels and activity patterns in a sample of free-living normal weight and overweight UK adults. Design: Pedometer-based 4-week observational study. Participants: One hundred and twenty-two healthy participants, recruited from two regions in the UK, classified as normal weight (33 females and 26 males) or overweight (31 females and 32 males), in the age range of 18 to 65 years, completed the study. Measurements: Daily step counts were me...
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#1Wichai Aekplakorn (MU: Mahidol University)H-Index: 31
#2V Kosulwat (MU: Mahidol University)H-Index: 1
Last. Paibul Suriyawongpaisal (MU: Mahidol University)H-Index: 20
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To examine the relationship of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHpR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) with cardiovascular risk factors and diabetes in Thai population. A national cross-sectional survey of cardiovascular risk factors. Five thousand and three hundred five Thai adults aged ⩾35 years. Body weight, height, waist and hip circumference and cardiovascular risk factors including blood pressure, total plasma cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, trigl...
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Purpose The present study examined changes in body composition, maximum oxygen uptake, and physical activity in sedentary office employees prescribed with two different walking programs during a 10-week intervention. Methods 68 sedentary employees were randomly assigned to one of three groups: multiple bouts of walking (n = 24 (5 male, 19 female) Age = 46±9, BMI = 30.5±5.78 kg/m2), continuous walking (n = 22 (6 male, 16 female) Age = 48±9, BMI = 30.6±6.2 kg/m2) and the control group (n = 22 (5 m...
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#1Nucharapon Liangruenrom (MU: Mahidol University)H-Index: 4
#2Kanyapat Suttikasem (MU: Mahidol University)H-Index: 2
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