A century of physics

Published on Oct 1, 2015in Nature Physics20.113
· DOI :10.1038/nphys3494
Roberta Sinatra16
Estimated H-index: 16
(NU: Northeastern University),
Pierre Deville6
Estimated H-index: 6
(NU: Northeastern University)
+ 2 AuthorsAlbert-La szlo Baraba si120
Estimated H-index: 120
(NU: Northeastern University)
An analysis of Web of Science data spanning more than 100 years reveals the rapid growth and increasing multidisciplinarity of physics — as well its internal map of subdisciplines.
Figures & Tables
  • References (24)
  • Citations (59)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
339 Citations
5,164 Citations
473 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Pierre Deville (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 6
#2Dashun Wang (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 16
Last. Albert-La szlo Baraba si (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 120
view all 6 authors...
60 CitationsSource
'Many physicists see the interface with biology as an exciting place to be'. Athene Donald provides a personal perspective on working at the interface between the physical and biological sciences.
1 CitationsSource
#1Ioannis PavlidisH-Index: 36
Last. Ioanna SemendeferiH-Index: 3
view all 3 authors...
University culture stands at a critical crossroads: the era of team science is upon us functionally, but not yet structurally. Solutions to the problems this mismatch creates involve rethinking education — and giving credit where credit is due.
24 CitationsSource
Collaboration among researchers is an essential component of the modern scientific enterprise, playing a particularly important role in multidisciplinary research. However, we continue to wrestle with allocating credit to the coauthors of publications with multiple authors, because the relative contribution of each author is difficult to determine. At the same time, the scientific community runs an informal field-dependent credit allocation process that assigns credit in a collective fashion to ...
71 CitationsSource
#1Brian Uzzi (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 34
#2Satyam Mukherjee (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 10
Last. Benjamin F. Jones (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 21
view all 4 authors...
Novelty is an essential feature of creative ideas, yet the building blocks of new ideas are often embodied in existing knowledge. From this perspective, balancing atypical knowledge with conventional knowledge may be critical to the link between innovativeness and impact. Our analysis of 17.9 million papers spanning all scientific fields suggests that science follows a nearly universal pattern: The highest-impact science is primarily grounded in exceptionally conventional combinations of prior w...
302 CitationsSource
#1Dashun Wang (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 16
#2Chaoming Song (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 26
Last. Albert-La szlo Baraba siH-Index: 120
view all 3 authors...
339 CitationsSource
The 19th-century French philosopher Auguste Comte believed that all authoritative knowledge derives from an objective, data-driven, scientific study of the world – a doctrine known as positivism.
1 CitationsSource
#1Raj Kumar PanH-Index: 23
#2Sitabhra SinhaH-Index: 23
Last. Jari SaramäkiH-Index: 33
view all 4 authors...
Science, being a social enterprise, is subject to fragmentation into groups that focus on specialized areas or topics. Often new advances occur through cross-fertilization of ideas between sub-fields that otherwise have little overlap as they study dissimilar phenomena using different techniques. Thus to explore the nature and dynamics of scientific progress one needs to consider the organization and interactions between different subject areas. Here, we study the relationships between the sub-f...
31 CitationsSource
Reductionism, as a paradigm, is expired, and complexity, as a field, is tired. Data-based mathematical models of complex systems are offering a fresh perspective, rapidly developing into a new discipline: network science.
258 CitationsSource
We analyze the citation distributions of all papers published in Physical Review journals between 1985 and 2009. The average number of citations received by papers published in a given year and in a given field is computed. Large variations are found, showing that it is not fair to compare citation numbers across fields and years. However, when a rescaling procedure by the average is used, it is possible to compare impartially articles across years and fields. We make the rescaling factors avail...
70 CitationsSource
Cited By59
#1Yong HuangH-Index: 3
Last. Wei Lu (WHU: Wuhan University)H-Index: 7
view all 4 authors...
This paper defines and explores the direct citations between citing publications (DCCPs) of a publication. We construct an ego-centered citation network for each paper that contains all of its citing papers and itself, as well as the citation relationships among them. By utilizing a large-scale scholarly dataset from the computer science field in the Microsoft Academic Graph (MAG-CS) dataset, we find that DCCPs exist universally in medium and highly cited papers. For those papers that have DCCPs...
We investigated the evolution and transformation of scientific knowledge in the early modern period, analyzing more than 350 different editions of textbooks used for teaching astronomy in European universities from the late fifteenth century to mid-seventeenth century. These historical sources constitute the Sphaera Corpus. By examining different semantic relations among individual parts of each edition on record, we built a multiplex network consisting of six layers, as well as the aggregated n...
Last. Mikko KiveläH-Index: 13
view all 4 authors...
The exchange of knowledge across different areas and disciplines plays a key role in the process of knowledge creation, and can stimulate innovation and the emergence of new fields. We develop here a quantitative framework to extract significant dependencies among scientific disciplines and turn them into a time-varying network whose nodes are the different fields, while the weighted links represent the flow of knowledge from one field to another at a given period of time. Drawing on a comprehen...
#1Matteo Chinazzi (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 6
#2Bruno GonçalvesH-Index: 2
Last. Alessandro Vespignani (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 88
view all 4 authors...
Scientific discoveries do not occur in vacuum but rather by connecting existing pieces of knowledge in new and creative ways. Mapping the relation and structure of scientific knowledge is therefore central to our understanding of the dynamics of scientific production. Here we introduce a new approach to generate scientific knowledge maps based on a machine learning approach that, starting from the observed publication patterns of authors, generates an N -dimensional space where it is possible to...
2 CitationsSource
#1Jiaying Liu (DUT: Dalian University of Technology)H-Index: 5
#2Xiangjie Kong (DUT: Dalian University of Technology)H-Index: 18
Last. Feng Xia (DUT: Dalian University of Technology)H-Index: 35
view all 8 authors...
Abstract Data Mining and Information Retrieval is an emerging interdisciplinary discipline dealing with Information Retrieval and Data Mining techniques. It has undergone rapid development with the advances in mathematics, statistics, information science, and computer science. In this paper, we present an empirical analysis of publication metadata obtained from 6 top-tier journals and 9 conferences for the first 16 years of the 21st Century, and evaluate the dynamic characteristics of Data Minin...
#1Yurij L. Katchanov (HSE: National Research University – Higher School of Economics)H-Index: 2
#2Yulia V. Markova (American Association for the Advancement of Science)H-Index: 2
Last. Natalia Shmatko (HSE: National Research University – Higher School of Economics)H-Index: 4
view all 3 authors...
Abstract An informal notion of distinction between scholarly journals is deeply embedded in bibliometric practice. Distinctions can be viewed as an operationalization of statistical relationships between journals. Bibliometric distinction can be regarded as a relative concept parameterized by the Kolmogorov–Smirnov statistic used as a basis for determining similarity or difference of journals. Within this framework, a systematic study of the probability distribution of distinctions makes it easi...
The exponential increase in the number of scientific publications raises the question of whether the sciences are expanding into a fractured structure, making cross-field communication difficult. On the other hand, scientists may be motivated to learn extensively across fields to enhance their innovative capacity, and this may offset the negative effects of fragmentation. Through an investigation of the distances within and clustering of cross-sectional citation networks, this study presents evi...
#1Yang WangH-Index: 1
#2Benjamin F. JonesH-Index: 21
Last. Dashun WangH-Index: 16
view all 3 authors...
Setbacks are an integral part of a scientific career, yet little is known about their long-term effects. Here we examine junior scientists applying for National Institutes of Health R01 grants. By focusing on proposals fell just below and just above the funding threshold, we compare near-miss with narrow-win applicants, and find that an early-career setback has powerful, opposing effects. On the one hand, it significantly increases attrition, predicting more than a 10% chance of disappearing per...
48 CitationsSource
#1Alberto Aleta (University of Zaragoza)H-Index: 4
#2Sandro Meloni (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 17
Last. Yamir Moreno (Institute for Scientific Interchange)H-Index: 55
view all 4 authors...
In the book The Essential Tension (1979) Thomas Kuhn described the conflict between tradition and innovation in scientific research—i.e., the desire to explore new promising areas, counterposed to the need to capitalize on the work done in the past. While it is probable that along their careers many scientists felt this tension, only few works have tried to quantify it. Here, we address this question by analyzing a large-scale dataset, containing all the papers published by the American Physical...
1 CitationsSource