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European Code against Cancer 4th Edition: 12 ways to reduce your cancer risk

Published on Dec 1, 2015in Cancer Epidemiology2.62
· DOI :10.1016/j.canep.2015.05.009
Joachim Schüz48
Estimated H-index: 48
(IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer),
Carolina Espina12
Estimated H-index: 12
(IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)
+ 77 AuthorsTracy Lignini1
Estimated H-index: 1
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Abstract
Abstract This overview describes the principles of the 4th edition of the European Code against Cancer and provides an introduction to the 12 recommendations to reduce cancer risk. Among the 504.6 million inhabitants of the member states of the European Union (EU28), there are annually 2.64 million new cancer cases and 1.28 million deaths from cancer. It is estimated that this cancer burden could be reduced by up to one half if scientific knowledge on causes of cancer could be translated into successful prevention. The Code is a preventive tool aimed to reduce the cancer burden by informing people how to avoid or reduce carcinogenic exposures, adopt behaviours to reduce the cancer risk, or to participate in organised intervention programmes. The Code should also form a base to guide national health policies in cancer prevention. The 12 recommendations are: not smoking or using other tobacco products; avoiding second-hand smoke; being a healthy body weight; encouraging physical activity; having a healthy diet; limiting alcohol consumption, with not drinking alcohol being better for cancer prevention; avoiding too much exposure to ultraviolet radiation; avoiding cancer-causing agents at the workplace; reducing exposure to high levels of radon; encouraging breastfeeding; limiting the use of hormone replacement therapy; participating in organised vaccination programmes against hepatitis B for newborns and human papillomavirus for girls; and participating in organised screening programmes for bowel cancer, breast cancer, and cervical cancer.
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  • References (28)
  • Citations (52)
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References28
Newest
#1Chiara Scoccianti (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 17
#2Michele Cecchini (OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)H-Index: 13
Last.Hilary J. Powers (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 32
view all 10 authors...
#1Neil McColl (PHE: Public Health England)H-Index: 2
#2Anssi Auvinen (Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority)H-Index: 72
Last.Joachim Schüz (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 48
view all 9 authors...
#1Rüdiger GreinertH-Index: 13
#2E. de Vries (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)H-Index: 43
Last.Joachim Schüz (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 48
view all 7 authors...
#1Patricia Villain (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 5
#2Paula N. Gonzalez (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 31
Last.Rolando Herrero (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 91
view all 9 authors...
#1Paola ArmaroliH-Index: 12
#2Patricia Villain (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 5
Last.Nereo SegnanH-Index: 37
view all 11 authors...
#1Søren Friis (Aarhus University Hospital)H-Index: 46
#2Ausrele Kesminiene (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 19
Last.Joachim Schüz (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 48
view all 6 authors...
#1Michael F. Leitzmann (University of Regensburg)H-Index: 78
#2Hilary J. Powers (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 32
Last.Isabelle Romieu (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 75
view all 11 authors...
#1Maria E. Leon (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 12
#2Armando Peruga (WHO: World Health Organization)H-Index: 19
Last.Joachim Schüz (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 48
view all 8 authors...
#1Teresa Norat (Imperial College London)H-Index: 86
#2Chiara Scoccianti (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 17
Last.Hilary J. PowersH-Index: 32
view all 10 authors...
Cited By52
Newest
#1María José Toribio (Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón)
#2Virginia Lope (ISCIII: Instituto de Salud Carlos III)H-Index: 20
view all 10 authors...
#1María Lorenzo-González (University of Santiago de Compostela)H-Index: 1
#2María Torres Duran (University Hospital Complex Of Vigo)H-Index: 6
Last.Alberto Ruano-Ravina (Ciber)H-Index: 23
view all 6 authors...
#1Baruch Vainshelboim (RMIT: RMIT University)H-Index: 7
#2Ricardo Moreno Lima (Stanford University)H-Index: 15
Last.Jonathan Myers (Stanford University)H-Index: 74
view all 3 authors...
#1L. Bauld (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)
#2R. J. Beeken (University of Leeds)
Last.Stephen D. Hursting (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 51
view all 10 authors...
#1Carolina Espina (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer)H-Index: 12
#2Linda Bauld (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 30
view all 10 authors...
View next paperEuropean Code against Cancer 4th Edition: Physical activity and cancer.