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Seroprevalence of Avian Influenza Virus, Infectious Bronchitis Virus, Reovirus, Avian Pneumovirus, Infectious Laryngotracheitis Virus, and Avian Leukosis Virus in Nigerian Poultry

Published on Jun 1, 2006in Avian Diseases1.31
· DOI :10.1637/7412-071505R.1
Ademola A. Owoade11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UI: University of Ibadan),
M. F. Ducatez4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Claude P. Muller40
Estimated H-index: 40
Abstract
Abstract Eight poultry farms in Nigeria, including chickens from nine breeder, 14 broiler, 28 pullet, 11 layer, and three cockerel flocks, were tested for antibody seroprevalence to the following poultry viruses of potential economic importance: infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), avian reovirus, avian pneumovirus (APV), infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV), avian influenza virus (AIV), and avian leukosis virus (ALV). Serum samples were collected between 1999 and 2004 and were tested for antibodies using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Seroprevalence was very high for IBV (84%); intermediate for reovirus (41%), APV (40%), and ILTV (20%); and very low for ALV (<5%) antibodies. By commercial ELISA, the seroprevalence of antibodies against AIV was, in some flocks, up to 63%. However, more specific assays did not confirm AIV antibodies, indicating that all flocks tested were free of avian influenza antibodies. Birds seemed to be first infected by IBV (at about 7 wk of age), then...
  • References (19)
  • Citations (39)
References19
Newest
#1Kehinde O. Amisu (University of Lagos)H-Index: 3
#2A. O. Coker (University of Lagos)H-Index: 14
Last.Raphael D. Isokpehi (University of Lagos)H-Index: 11
view all 4 authors...
#1K. Naeem (National Agricultural Research Centre)H-Index: 1
#2M. Naurin (QAU: Quaid-i-Azam University)H-Index: 1
Last.S. Bano (QAU: Quaid-i-Azam University)H-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
Cited By39
Newest
#1Lisanework E. Ayalew (Western University College of Veterinary Medicine)H-Index: 2
#2Ashish Gupta (Western University College of Veterinary Medicine)H-Index: 4
Last.Susantha Gomis (Western University College of Veterinary Medicine)H-Index: 23
view all 9 authors...
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