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THE THEORY OF Critical Thinking of Nursing

Published on Jan 1, 2002in Nursing education perspectives
· DOI :10.1043/1536-5026(2002)023<0243:TTOCTO>2.0.CO;2
Cheryl Martin1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
Abstract Critical thinking is a thought process used by nurses for clinical decision-making. This descriptive correlational study focused on the relationships among critical thinking, decision-making, and clinical nursing expertise during a clinical simulation. A midrange theory, developed from Benner (1) and Paul (2), states that as novice nurses become experts and develop clinical expertise through experience and the acquisition of knowledge, critical thinking is developed and used for clinical decision-making. > A convenience sample of 149 nursing students, graduate nurses, and expert nurses was selected for the study. Critical thinking was measured with the Elements of Thought Instrument (ETI) and a decision score was calculated. Critical thinking and decision-making increased with the level of clinical expertise. Related demographics included college credits taken, years in nursing practice, and grade point average. The findings were consistent with the midrange Theory of Critical Thinking of Nurses.
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#1Jungmi Yun (PNU: Pusan National University)
#2Dong-Hee Kim (PNU: Pusan National University)
Last. Youngchoon Park (PNU: Pusan National University)
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Abstract Background Workplace learning in hospitals consists mostly of informal learning processes that take place during specific work situations. Informal learning and effective learning transfer are expected to have a positive impact on nurses' clinical performance. Objectives The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of informal learning and learning transfer on nurses' clinical performance. Design A cross-sectional, descriptive survey study. Methods The study was conducted by 2...
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#1Salizar Mohamed Ludin (IIUM: International Islamic University Malaysia)H-Index: 4
Abstract Background A critical thinker may not necessarily be a good decision-maker, but critical care nurses are expected to utilise outstanding critical thinking skills in making complex clinical judgements. Studies have shown that critical care nurses’ decisions focus mainly on doing rather than reflecting. To date, the link between critical care nurses’ critical thinking and decision-making has not been examined closely in Malaysia. Aim To understand whether critical care nurses’ critical th...
3 CitationsSource
#1Daphne Siew Kee Lee (UM: University of Malaya)H-Index: 1
#2Khatijah Lim Abdullah (UM: University of Malaya)H-Index: 11
Last. Swee Leong Ong (UM: University of Malaya)H-Index: 2
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Aims and objectives To explore whether there is a correlation between critical thinking ability and clinical decision‐making among nurses. Background Critical thinking is currently considered as an essential component of nurses’ professional judgement and clinical decision‐making. If confirmed, nursing curricula may be revised emphasising on critical thinking with the expectation to improve clinical decision‐making and thus better health care. Design Integrated literature review. Methods The int...
5 CitationsSource
#1Valerie Gooder (Weber State University)H-Index: 1
#2Sally Cantwell (Weber State University)H-Index: 1
Abstract Background Curriculum change is a constant in nursing education. Little is known about the impact of curricular change on nursing students. Method To determine the overall impact of the change to the concept-based curriculum on the students, we conducted a survey and focus groups. Results The students were satisfied with the new curriculum but identified barriers to their learning. Conclusion Faculty implementing a curriculum revision should consider the impact of the changes on the stu...
1 CitationsSource
Abstract Aim This study aimed to investigate critical thinking disposition among nurses working in Public Hospitals in Port-Said Governorate. Methods A descriptive research design was conducted in this study. Totally 196 respondents were chosen by systemic random sampling, to take part in the study as the sample. Data was collected from April to September in 2015. Tools of data collection: A personal and job characteristics data sheet and California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory(CCTDI)...
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#1Velmarie King Swing (Southern Nazarene University)
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1 CitationsSource
Introduction: The work environment for nurses has caused conflict is an inevitable part of the actives them. Therefore, nurses should to think comprehensively about problems and to make decisions independently. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between conflict management and critical thinking skills in nursing of hospitals of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Method: This is a descriptive correlational study. Study population was nurses working at hospitals of ...
#1Laurinda B. HarmanH-Index: 4
#2James StephensH-Index: 4
Last. Katherine F. ShepardH-Index: 15
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#1Kristie Berkstresser (Community College of Philadelphia)H-Index: 1
Abstract Nurse educators, at every level of pre-licensure nursing education, are charged with developing critical thinking skills within their students. Post-clinical conference is one teaching strategy that nurse educators can employ to help promote the development of critical thinking skills in pre-licensure nursing students. However, traditional face-to-face post-clinical conference is marred with issues and concerns, as identified in the nursing education literature. An alternative to face-t...
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