Match!

LTE and IEEE 802.11p for vehicular networking: a performance evaluation

Published on Dec 1, 2014in Eurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking1.592
· DOI :10.1186/1687-1499-2014-89
Zeeshan Hameed Mir10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Qatar Airways),
Fethi Filali18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Qatar Airways)
Sources
Abstract
Various wireless communication systems exist, which enable a wide range of applications and use cases in the vehicular environment. These applications can be grouped into three types, namely, road safety, traffic efficiency, and infotainment, each with its own set of functional and performance requirements. In pursuance of assisting drivers to travel safely and comfortably, several of these requirements have to be met simultaneously. While the coexistence of multiple radio access technologies brings immense opportunities towards meeting most of the vehicular networking application requirements, it is equally important and challenging to identify the strength and weaknesses of each technology and understand which technology is more suitable for the given networking scenario. In this paper, we evaluate two of the most viable communication standards, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.11p and long-term evolution (LTE) by 3rd Generation Partnership Project for vehicular networking. A detailed performance evaluation study of the standards is given for a variety of parameter settings such as beacon transmission frequency, vehicle density, and vehicle average speed. Both standards are compared in terms of delay, reliability, scalability, and mobility support in the context of various application requirements. Furthermore, through extensive simulation-based study, we validated the effectiveness of both standards to handle different application requirements and share insight for further research directions. The results indicate that IEEE 802.11p offers acceptable performance for sparse network topologies with limited mobility support. On the other hand, LTE meets most of the application requirements in terms of reliability, scalability, and mobility support; however, it is challenging to obtain stringent delay requirements in the presence of higher cellular network traffic load.
Figures & Tables
  • References (36)
  • Citations (157)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
405 Citations
186 Citations
874 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References36
Newest
#1Yongtae Park (KU: Korea University)H-Index: 5
#2Jihun Ha (KU: Korea University)H-Index: 3
Last. JeongGil Ko (Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute)H-Index: 20
view all 6 authors...
Designing and distributing effective vehicular safety applications can help significantly reduce the number of car accidents and assure the safety of many precious lives. However, despite the efforts from standardization bodies and industrial manufacturers, many studies suggest that it will take more than a decade for full deployment. We start this work with the hypothesis that smartphones may be suitable platforms for catalyzing the distribution of vehicular safety systems. Specifically, smartp...
24 CitationsSource
#1Pino Caballero-Gil (ULL: University of La Laguna)H-Index: 12
#2Cándido Caballero-Gil (ULL: University of La Laguna)H-Index: 9
Last. Jezabel Molina-Gil (ULL: University of La Laguna)H-Index: 9
view all 3 authors...
A vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) is a wireless network that provides communications between nearby vehicles. Among the different types of information that can be made available to vehicles through VANETs, road traffic information is the most important one. This work is part of an experimental development of a wireless communication platform oriented to applications that allow improving road efficiency and safety, managing and monitoring road traffic, encouraging cooperative driving, and offeri...
13 CitationsSource
#1Seiya Kato (Hitachi)H-Index: 1
#2Matti Hiltunen (AT&T Labs)H-Index: 22
Last. R. D. Schilchting (AT&T Labs)H-Index: 29
view all 4 authors...
Advanced Driving Assistance Systems (ADAS) for improving vehicular safety are increasingly network based, with approaches that use vehicle to vehicle (V2V) and vehicle to infrastructure (V2I) communication. Most current proposals for V2V and V2I use DSRC and a dedicated infrastructure of road side units (RSUs) for the V2I scenarios. Here, the technical feasibility of an alternative architecture is explored, one that uses a combination of LTE cellular networks and servers near the edge of the LTE...
41 CitationsSource
#1Moreno Ambrosin (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 9
#2Armir Bujari (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 13
Last. Claudio E. Palazzi (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 27
view all 5 authors...
Testing Vehicular Network protocols can be quite problematic. In fact, vehicular experiments are often expensive in both economic and temporal terms. As a consequence, researchers generally resort to software simulations which are a neccessary first step but still not sufficient. In this paper, we present two possible experimentation frameworks that could give a boost to the testing of protocols for vehicular networks: the first framework is based on Android smartphones, while the second is base...
2 CitationsSource
#1Qingwen Zhao (SJTU: Shanghai Jiao Tong University)H-Index: 5
#2Yanmin Zhu (SJTU: Shanghai Jiao Tong University)H-Index: 31
Last. Bo Li (HKUST: Hong Kong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 60
view all 5 authors...
In this paper, we consider a sensory data gathering application of a vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) in which vehicles produce sensory data, which should be gathered for data analysis and making decisions. Data delivery is particularly challenging because of the unique characteristics of VANETs, such as fast topology change, frequent disruptions, and rare contact opportunities. Through empirical study based on real vehicular traces, we find an important observation that a noticeable percentage ...
33 CitationsSource
#1Stefano BusanelliH-Index: 11
#2Filippo RebecchiH-Index: 7
Last. Gianluigi FerrariH-Index: 29
view all 5 authors...
In this work, we present an innovative approach for effective cross-network information dissemination, with applications to vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs). The proposed approach, denoted as "Cross-Network Effective Traffic Alert Dissemination" (X-NETAD), leverages on the spontaneous formation of local WiFi (IEEE 802.11b) VANETs, with direct connections between neighboring vehicles, in order to disseminate, very quickly and inexpensively, traffic alerts received from the cellular network. The...
17 CitationsSource
Jun 1, 2013 in VTC (Vehicular Technology Conference)
#1Sergio M. TornellH-Index: 7
#2Carlos T. CalafateH-Index: 30
Last. Francisco J. Martinez (University of Zaragoza)H-Index: 24
view all 6 authors...
Driving security and comfort can be improved by applying Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) proposals. The low adoption rate of new ITS hardware and software products is slowing down the market introduction of these solutions. In this paper we present a driving safety application for smartphones based on a warning dissemination protocol called eMDR. The use of smartphones minimizes the hardware cost and eliminates most of the adoption barriers; users will no longer have to install new dedi...
15 CitationsSource
Jun 1, 2013 in ICC (International Conference on Communications)
#1Konstantinos Katsaros (University of Surrey)H-Index: 6
#2Mehrdad Dianati (University of Surrey)H-Index: 27
Last. Long LeH-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
In this paper we propose and evaluate a heterogeneous architecture for location service in vehicular environments. The proposed Location Service utilizes the infrastructure of cellular networks to offload the Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) systems from the signalling overhead required for the location service. We evaluate the performance of such a hybrid solution in terms of overhead and end-to-end delay. The results suggest that a heterogeneous network with an IEEE 802.11p access ne...
19 CitationsSource
#1Giuseppe AranitiH-Index: 25
#2Claudia CampoloH-Index: 29
Last. Antonella MolinaroH-Index: 36
view all 5 authors...
A wide variety of applications for road safety and traffic efficiency are intended to answer the urgent call for smarter, greener, and safer mobility. Although IEEE 802.11p is considered the de facto standard for on-the-road communications, stakeholders have recently started to investigate the usability of LTE to support vehicular applications. In this article, related work and running standardization activities are scanned and critically discussed; strengths and weaknesses of LTE as an enabling...
405 CitationsSource
#1Daniel Krajzewicz (DLR: German Aerospace Center)H-Index: 15
#2Jakob Erdmann (DLR: German Aerospace Center)H-Index: 6
Last. Laura Bieker (DLR: German Aerospace Center)H-Index: 6
view all 4 authors...
SUMO is an open source traffic simulation package including the simulation application itself as well as supporting tools, mainly for network import and demand modeling. SUMO helps to investigate a large variety of research topics, mainly in the context of traffic management and vehicular communications. We describe the current state of the package, its major applications, both by research topic and by example, as well as future developments and extensions. Keywords-microscopic traffic simulatio...
905 Citations
Cited By157
Newest
#1Ankita SrivastavaH-Index: 1
#2Arun PrakashH-Index: 9
Last. Rajeev TripathiH-Index: 14
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Over the last few decades, the attraction towards Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET) has engrossed huge investigation, to upgrade road safety and entertainment for the traveler, by imparting real time information among vehicles. In order to accomplish this, network layer has attained significant attention; therefore, abundant routing protocols have been proposed. In VANET, frequent movement and rapid topological variation lead to repeated link breakage, causing loss in packet and delay. A...
2 CitationsSource
#1Jesús SilvaH-Index: 1
#2Noel VarelaH-Index: 4
view all 5 authors...
Source
#1Hacène Fouchal (URCA: University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne)H-Index: 12
#2Alain Ninet (URCA: University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne)H-Index: 1
On C-ITS (Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems) vehicles send and receive sensitive messages informing about events on roads (accidents, traffic jams, etc,..). The authentication of these messages is highly recommended in order to increase the users confidence about this system. This authentication ensures that only messages coming from trusted vehicles are accepted by receivers. An adapted PKI (Public Key Infrastructure) for C-ITS provides certificates for each vehicle. The certificate wil...
Source
Source
The vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications, as enabled by cellular device-to-device (D2D) links, has recently gained greater attention owing to the remarkable capacity it displays in enhancing traffic safety, effectiveness, and comfort. It is in this context that the present paper can be set, whereby a new technology is advanced, relating to the fifth generation (5G) associated D2D based vehicular communication, as lately approved by the 3GPP standardization community. In effect, V2X communi...
Source
#1Rojin Tizvar (Shahid Beheshti University)H-Index: 1
#2Maghsoud Abbaspour (Shahid Beheshti University)H-Index: 10
Intelligent transportation systems and connected vehicles, by utilization of new facilities and technologies, have a significant role in improving the quality of today’s transportation. A wide range of applications can be defined in a vehicular network that each one has its own requirements. Compared to other wireless networks, vehicular networks face particular challenges due to the continuous and high-speed movement of vehicles. Concerning the characteristics of content-centric networking (CCN...
Source
#1RichaH-Index: 1
#2T. P. SharmaH-Index: 1
Last. Ajay Kumar SharmaH-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
1 Citations
#1Peng SunH-Index: 4
#2Noura AljeriH-Index: 3
Last. Azzedine BoukercheH-Index: 49
view all 3 authors...
Source
#1Lewis NkenyereyeH-Index: 3
#2Bayu Adhi TamaH-Index: 7
Last. Yoon Ho ChoiH-Index: 23
view all 4 authors...
Basic safety message (BSM) are messages that contain core elements of a vehicle such as vehicle’s size, position, speed, acceleration and others. BSM are lightweight messages that can be regularly broadcast by the vehicles to enable a variety of applications. On the other hand, event-driven message (EDM) are messages generated at the time of occurrence such as accidents or roads sliding and can contain much more heavy elements including pictures, audio or videos. Security, architecture and commu...
Source
#1Phidahunlang Chyne (NEHU: North Eastern Hill University)H-Index: 1
#2V. Dhilip KumarH-Index: 1
Last. Debdatta Kandar (NEHU: North Eastern Hill University)H-Index: 5
view all 3 authors...
Quick progressions in the improvement of intelligent and smart machines and parallel advancement of technologies in the field of wireless communication have achieved more prominent statures. Howeve...
Source