Match!

Processes of Reflectivity Knowledge Construction in Qualitative Research

Published on Jun 1, 2011in Qualitative Social Work0.946
· DOI :10.1177/1473325010369024
Adital Ben-Ari20
Estimated H-index: 20
,
Guy Enosh14
Estimated H-index: 14
Abstract
The aim of this article is to suggest a useful approach demonstrating the focal role of processes of reflectivity in qualitative research. In particular, we distinguish between levels of analysis and analytical procedures for generating and organizing the interpretation of data and meanings in knowledge construction. We argue that reflective processes simultaneously involve both a state of mind and an active engagement. Within this context, reflective processes may refer to deliberate awareness involving both a contemplative stance (state of mind) and intentional activity aimed at recognizing differentness and generating knowledge (active engagement). Specifically, we identify four levels of reflection: observation, informants’ accounts, text deliberation, and contextualization and reconstruction. Simultaneously, we suggest several practical analytical procedures of reflectivity, which emanate from a dialectical line of thinking, including figure and ground, pre-existing expectations, apparent contradicti...
  • References (14)
  • Citations (38)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
235 Citations
981 Citations
26 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References14
Newest
Our goal with this article is to present a dialectical approach to examining the interaction between researchers and research participants. A dialectical approach maintains that an apparent contradiction at one level might, in fact, be integrated as a synthesis of the two opposing poles at a higher level of conceptual analysis. We claim that a research approach advocating either pole might limit understanding of the complexity of the phenomenon in question. The interaction between researchers an...
22 CitationsSource
#1Guy EnoshH-Index: 14
#2Adital Ben-AriH-Index: 20
Last. Eli BuchbinderH-Index: 26
view all 3 authors...
This article contributes to the body of knowledge on qualitative interviewing in as much as it highlights the inherent connection between a sense of differentness among interview partners and processes of knowledge construction, which is the overarching goal of qualitative research. The authors argue that a sense of differentness serves as the starting point for the production of knowledge through exploration and reflection, conflict, negotiation, and argumentation. For heuristic purposes, the a...
26 CitationsSource
#1Jonathan A. Smith (Birkbeck, University of London)H-Index: 47
#2Mike OsbornH-Index: 14
The aim of interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) is to explore in detail how participants are making sense of their personal and social world, and the main currency for an IPA study is the meanings particular experiences, events, states hold for participants. The approach is phenomenological (see Chapter 3) in that it involves detailed examination of the participant’s lifeworld; it attempts to explore personal experience and is concerned with an individual’s personal perception or accou...
3,120 CitationsSource
#1Ann L. Cunliffe (UNM: University of New Mexico)H-Index: 20
#2Jong S. Jun (CSU: California State University)H-Index: 1
In this article, the authors argue the need to go beyond the idea of reflective public adminis-trationtoreflexivepublicadministration.Theyexplorethemeaningofreflexivity,inparticu-larself-andcriticalreflexivity,andsuggestthatreflexivepracticeiscrucialtopublicadmin-istration because it can lead to more critical, responsible, and ethical actions. This canprovide a basis for organizational transformation. The article concludes by offering a num-ber of resources for teaching self- and critical reflex...
110 CitationsSource
#1Jan H. F. Meyer (Durham University)H-Index: 20
#2Ray Land (Coventry University)H-Index: 17
The present study builds on earlier work by Meyer and Land (2003) which introduced the generative notion of threshold concepts within (and across) disciplines, in the sense of transforming the internal view of subject matter or part thereof. In this earlier work such concepts were further linked to forms of knowledge that are ‘troublesome’, after the work of Perkins (1999). It was argued that these twinned sets of ideas may define critical moments of irreversible conceptual transformation in the...
742 CitationsSource
#1Margarete Sandelowski (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 54
#2Julie Barroso (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 27
Purpose: To describe the challenges of finding the findings in qualitative studies. Method: Review of literature on representation in qualitative research and analysis of 99 reports of qualitative studies of women with HIV infection. Findings: Factors complicating finding the findings in qualitative studies include varied reporting styles, misrepresentation of data and analytic procedures as findings, misuse of quotes and theory, and lack of clarity concerning pattern and theme. Theses and disse...
279 CitationsSource
The current study sought to examine the perceived centrality or importance of six basic contradictions in the turning points of relationship development for heterosexual romantic pairs. A modified Retrospective Interview Technique was employed to elicit respondent accounts of the turning points of their relationship. For our sample of 100 males and females, drawn from 50 heterosexual romantic couples, the contradictions of Autonomy-Connection and Openness-Closedness were attributed greatest impo...
105 CitationsSource
Postmodernist thinkers have often claimed that there is something like a `modernist' model of theory and metatheory in the social sciences which is objectivistic, dogmatic, and generally over-ambitious, aiming to dominate the theoretical landscape like a modernist skyscraper. This paper suggests that there is little to support such a view, and that most sociologists and social anthropologists, and many other social scientists, have been much more cautious and tentative in their claims than postm...
12 CitationsSource
#1Jonathan A. SmithH-Index: 47
#2Maria JarmanH-Index: 4
Last. Mike OsbornH-Index: 14
view all 3 authors...
1,029 CitationsSource
Abstract Given the fast pace of change confronting managers today, it is critical that they develop capacities to learn from current work situations and adapt this learning to new situations. This need is driven by elaborate techniques and new processes that emerge regularly—initiatives that often require corporate-wide behavioral changes beginning at the top of the organization. In the midst of these time-consuming and expensive initiatives lies the simple and time-tested tool of reflection. To...
387 CitationsSource
Cited By38
Newest
#1Guy Enosh (University of Haifa)H-Index: 14
#2Eli Buchbinder (University of Haifa)H-Index: 26
Source
#1Adital Ben-AriH-Index: 20
#2Guy EnoshH-Index: 14
Source
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop a 5As framework for entrepreneurial nudge public leadership for health and wellness promotion based on two exemplary cases in Mississippi. Design/methodology/approach The authors use a “case within a case” study design to develop the 5As public influence framework for entrepreneurial public leadership. Findings Based on the investigated cases of healthcare and wellness promotion in Hernando and Charleston, Mississippi, the authors developed the 5As...
Source
ABSTRACTIn recent years, arts-based research methods have gained a substantial standing in qualitative social work research and practise. The methods, which include techniques such as collage work ...
Source
#1Sarah Moore Oliphant (UNT: University of North Texas)
#2C Susanne Bennett (Smith College)
This article explores the use of journaling about reflexivity as a method of lessening the etic–emic divide in a cross-cultural qualitative study. The journaling process discussed demonstrates refl...
Source
#1Nicole Dubus (SJSU: San Jose State University)H-Index: 2
Concentrating on the largest refugee crisis in recent history, the need for countries to develop and implement resettlement programs has become imperative. This study’s focus is to understand the e...
Source
#1Lynelle Watts (ECU: Edith Cowan University)H-Index: 4
ABSTRACTReflective practice, reflexivity, and critical reflection are now widely accepted as important in contemporary social work practice. Despite this, there remain differences in how the terms ...
6 CitationsSource
#1Samantha Tai (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 1
#2Caitlin Barr (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 3
Last. Robyn Woodward-Kron (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 12
view all 3 authors...
AbstractObjective: Patient-centred communication (PCC) is an essential skill for effective healthcare provision and is accepted as a core competency in medicine and allied health. In audiology, rec...
3 CitationsSource
#1Vicki S. Collet (UA: University of Arkansas)H-Index: 4
#2Michelle R. Ciminelli (Niagara University)
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe an approach to analyzing qualitative data that uses Bakhtin’s concepts of dialogue as a framework. Design/methodology/approach Polyphonic Analysis (PA) is proposed as a critical approach to qualitative data analysis that emphasizes creating virtual dialogues of participants’ voices, bringing together views that typically do not interplay in order to escalate voices that might otherwise be silenced, reduced, or objectified. Findings PA, with its em...
Source
#1Laura Migliorini (UniGe: University of Genoa)H-Index: 7
#2Nadia Rania (UniGe: University of Genoa)H-Index: 7
ABSTRACTIn recent decades, the study of intercultural relations and the complexity of relationships due to the migration phenomenon have become more important for social scientists to analyze. The aim of this article is to show that photovoice, a methodology that belongs to the field of participatory action research, can be a useful qualitative tool in social psychology to analyze intercultural relationships. This method offers participants the opportunity to discuss and interpret their photogra...
8 CitationsSource