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Children and Disasters: Understanding Vulnerability, Developing Capacities, and Promoting Resilience - An Introduction

Published on Jan 1, 2008in Children, Youth and Environments
Lori Peek18
Estimated H-index: 18
Abstract
This comprehensive overview of the literature on children and disasters argues that scholars and practitioners should more carefully consider the experiences of children themselves. As the frequency and intensity of disaster events increase around the globe, children are among those most at risk for the negative effects of disaster. Children are psychologically vulnerable and may develop post-traumatic stress disorder or related symptoms; are physically vulnerable to death, injury, illness, and abuse; and often experience disruptions or delays in their educational progress as a result of disasters. Children have special needs and may require different forms of physical, social, mental, and emotional support than adults. However, children also have the capacity to contribute to disaster preparedness, response, and recovery activities. In order to promote children’s resilience to disasters, we must improve their access to resources, empower them by encouraging their participation, offer support, and ensure equitable treatment.
  • References (61)
  • Citations (152)
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References61
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#1J.P.W. Rivers (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 1
Little attention has been given to differential survival between the sexes in disasters. Discussions concerned with victimization in natural disasters have focused primarily in terms of class. In this article an analysis of victimization in terms of sex and the sporadic evidence for the marked differential in morbidity and mortality of the two sexes found in many disaster situations is presented. Disaster victims are presented as event victims (those killed or injured by a catastrophe) and conte...
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#1Kevin R. RonanH-Index: 27
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This paper combines the findings of research aimed at assisting children, youth, and families to more effectively cope with the effects of disasters with a review of the relevant literature. We briefly review the effects of disasters on children, summarizing theory and research on risk and protective factors, interventions following a hazardous event, and promoting children’s resilience. We also look at the role of preventive interventions in assisting children and their families to prepare both...
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#1Ted Mitchell (University of Sussex)H-Index: 1
#2Katharine Haynes (RMIT: RMIT University)H-Index: 19
Last. Katie Oven (Durham University)H-Index: 9
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#1Marisa O. EnsorH-Index: 6
This paper explores the experiences of Honduran migrant children in New Orleans in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. Some had migrated to this city after Hurricane Mitch devastated their already poverty-stricken country in 1998, but many of them were forced to relocate again after Katrina. Many others have only recently arrived in New Orleans to join relatives attracted by the construction boom that followed the disaster. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in Honduras and New Orleans, I examine t...
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Disasters have increased in incidence worldwide and children are especially vulnerable to their effects. Childhood is a unique period during which physical, mental and social development and growth take place. Psychological damage at th stage can affect children for years to come. To outline the psychological and physiological impacts of disaster on children and shed light on possible interventions, the authors reviewed the empirical literature utilizing search databases such as PsychInfo as wel...
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This article extends the discussion of social support for child disaster survivors by providing a case study overview of the primary organization in the United States responsible for caring for young children in the aftermath of natural and humanmade disasters: Children’s Disaster Services (CDS), which is part of the Brethren Disaster Ministries of the Church of the Brethren General Board. We offer an overview of the history and purpose of the CDS program, describe the training and mobilization ...
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#1Bernard ManyenaH-Index: 3
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The growing recognition of the vulnerability of children to disasters has added a new impetus to the concept of their involvement in disaster risk reduction programs. Involving children in disaster risk reduction is among those aspects promoted in the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015 to enhance the resilience of disaster-affected communities. This article presents the results from a research study which investigated the involvement of children in disaster risk reduction programs in Binga Dis...
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Abstract In August 2017, Hurricane Harvey struck the Texas Gulf Coast, causing record flooding in the Houston Metropolitan Statistical Area (“Greater Houston”). Our study assesses unmet needs and adverse event experiences of Greater Houstonians during and after Harvey using a suite of indicators of social vulnerability and disaster impacts. Indicators of social vulnerability have not been well integrated within US post-disaster needs assessment protocols. Using data collected within four months ...
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#1Marla Petal (Save the Children)H-Index: 2
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Abstract This paper was developed to stimulate discussion across the broad global community of practice engaged in child-centred risk reduction and school safety, in discussion, co-development and action-planning. The purpose of the research was to develop a framework and roadmap to answer the questions of how to best design, develop, evaluate, and implement child-centred risk reduction (CCRR) and school safety (SS) policies and practices with documented outcomes and impacts, sustainably and at ...
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#1Rebekah Paci-Green (WWU: Western Washington University)H-Index: 2
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Abstract Over the last three decades, comprehensive school safety (CSS) has emerged as a guiding framework for disaster risk reduction in the education sector. Yet, little is known about what national-level CSS policies have been developed and implemented globally. In 2017, a CSS Policy Survey was administered in 68 countries. The survey recorded adoption of CSS policies and identified key facilitators and blockers of CSS policy development and implementation. Results indicate that most countrie...
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#1Lori Peek (CU: University of Colorado Boulder)H-Index: 18
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Although children and youth have often been cast as “vulnerable victims” during disasters, their actions have repeatedly demonstrated their capacity to evoke positive change in the face of an ever more turbulent natural environment. This chapter highlights a range of child- and youth-initiated efforts to reduce disaster risk and to promote more disaster resilient communities. The chapter examines the types of activities that children and youth have helped to create and lead, including disaster r...
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With regard to the context of the immediate aftermath of a disaster, adolescence is a developmental age group that is rarely explicitly researched in terms of interventions. Usually, they are either considered along with school-aged youth, or they are treated more along the lines of an adult. Nevertheless, adolescence is a unique developmental time period that requires unique post-disaster interventions that may aid in the healthy processing and engagement of adaptive coping skills. Many adolesc...
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