An Examination of the Reciprocal Relationship of Loneliness and Facebook Use among First-Year College Students.

Published on Jan 1, 2012in Journal of Educational Computing Research1.543
· DOI :10.2190/EC.46.1.e
Lai Lei Lou1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SUNY: State University of New York System),
Zheng Yan14
Estimated H-index: 14
(SUNY: State University of New York System)
+ 1 AuthorsRobert F. McMorris4
Estimated H-index: 4
(SUNY: State University of New York System)
College students are using social network sites such as Facebook to communicate with their families and friends. However, empirical evidence is needed to examine whether there exists a reciprocal relationship between students’ use of social network sites and their psychological well-being. The present study focused on two reciprocally-related research questions: (a) Is there an impact of loneliness on Facebook intensity and motive for using Facebook among first-year college students? (b) Is there an impact of Facebook intensity and motive for using Facebook on loneliness? Data were collected from a sample of 340 first-year college students and were analyzed through structural equation modeling. No reciprocal relationship was found in the study: Facebook intensity had a positive impact on loneliness and, motive for using Facebook did not have any impact on loneliness, whereas loneliness influenced neither Facebook intensity nor motive for using Facebook.
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