Genetic improvement of grain yield and associated traits in the southern China winter wheat region: 1949 to 2000

Published on Sep 10, 2007in Euphytica1.527
· DOI :10.1007/s10681-007-9376-8
Yilin Zhou7
Estimated H-index: 7
(CAAS: Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore),
H. Z. Zhu1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 4 AuthorsG. S. Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(H.I., S.I.: University of Agriculture, Faisalabad)
To understand the genetic gains of grain yield in the Southern China Winter Wheat Region (SCWWR), two yield potential trials, i.e., YPT 1 including 11 leading cultivars from the Middle and Low Yangtze Valley (Zone III) and YPT 2 including 15 leading cultivars from the Southwestern China Region (Zone IV) from 1949 to 2000, were conduced during the 2001–2003 cropping seasons. A completely randomized block design of three replicates was employed with controlled field environments. Molecular markers were used to detect the presence of dwarfing genes and the 1B/1R translocation. Results showed that average annual genetic gain was 0.31% (P < 0.05) or 13.96 kg/ha/year and 0.74% (P < 0.01) or 40.80 kg/ha/year in Zones III and IV, respectively. In YPT 1, changes of all other traits were not significant, but plant height was significantly reduced. In YPT 2, the genetic improvement of grain yield was primarily attributed to the increased thousand kernel weight (TKW) (0.65%, P < 0.01) and kernel weight/spike (0.87%, P < 0.01), reduced plant height and increased harvest index (HI). The dwarfing gene Rht 8 was most frequently present (46.1%), Rht-B1b was observed in three genotypes in Zone III, and Rht-D1b was present in only one genotype in Zone IV. The 1B/1R translocation was present in four genotypes. Utilization of Italian germplasm and development of landmark cultivar Fan 7 were the key factors for grain yield improvement in SCWWR. The future challenge of wheat breeding in this region is to continue improving grain yield and disease resistance, and to develop cultivars suitable for the reduced tillage of wheat/rice double cropping. Utilization of Mexican germplasm could provide opportunities for future yield improvement.
  • References (21)
  • Citations (46)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
20071.64Crop Science
6 Authors (Yilin Zhou, ..., G. S. Zhang)
152 Citations
260 Citations
20051.64Crop Science
8 Authors (J. C. Comstock, ..., J. O. Davidson)
330 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Yilin Zhou (CAAS: Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore)H-Index: 7
#2Zhonghu He (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)H-Index: 49
Last. G. S. ZhangH-Index: 1
view all 6 authors...
152 CitationsSource
#1X. K. Zhang (CAAS: Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore)H-Index: 7
#2Songjie Yang (CAAS: Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore)H-Index: 1
Last. Xianchun Xia (CAAS: Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore)H-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
Reduction of plant height has played a significant role in improving wheat production and knowledge of dwarfing genes in Chinese wheat will be very important for developing high yielding cultivars. Molecular markers were used to detect the presence of genes Rht-B1b (Rht1), Rht-D1b (Rht2) and Rht8 in 220 wheat genotypes from autumn-sown wheat regions in China. They include landmark landraces, leading cultivars and core parents involved in wheat breeding from the 1950s to the present. Results indi...
71 CitationsSource
#1Maryse Brancourt-Hulmel (INRA: Institut national de la recherche agronomique)H-Index: 18
#2G. Doussinault (INRA: Institut national de la recherche agronomique)H-Index: 12
Last. M. Trottet (INRA: Institut national de la recherche agronomique)H-Index: 1
view all 6 authors...
260 CitationsSource
#1M. H. Ellis (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 25
#2Wolfgang Spielmeyer (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 40
Last. Richard A. Richards (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 52
view all 5 authors...
PCR-based markers were developed to detect the point mutations responsible for the two major semi-dwarfing genes Rht-B1b (Rht1) and Rht-D1b (Rht2) in wheat. These markers were validated by testing 19 wheat varieties of known Rht genotype. They included Rht-B1b and Rht-D1b dwarfs, double-mutant varieties and tall wheats. These were correctly genotyped with the Rht-B1b and Rht-D1b-specific primers, as well as markers specific for the tall alleles Rht-B1a and Rht-D1a. Using a family of doubled-hapl...
340 CitationsSource
#1E. Donmez (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 1
#2Rollin G. Sears (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 24
Last. Gary M. Paulsen (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 29
view all 4 authors...
Knowledge of changes associated with advances in crop productivity is essential for understanding yield-limiting factors and developing strategies for future improvement. Our objective was to identify plant traits associated with gains in grain yield of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the Great Plains. Twelve landmark cultivars and one experimental line were compared with Turkey' (introduced 1873) at Hutchinson (Clark-Ost complex soil) and Manhattan (Reading silt loam soil), KS, during 19...
155 CitationsSource
#1He ZhonghuH-Index: 1
#2Sanjaya RajaramH-Index: 39
Last. G.Z. HuangH-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
96 Citations
#1Viktor KorzunH-Index: 46
#2Marion S. RöderH-Index: 56
Last. C. N. Law (JIC: John Innes Centre)H-Index: 11
view all 5 authors...
Two sets of single chromosome recombinant lines comparing 2D chromosomes from the wheat varieties ‘Ciano 67’ and ‘Mara’ with the common 2D chromosome of ‘Cappelle-Desprez’ in a ‘Cappelle-Desprez’ background were used to detect a diagnostic wheat microsatellite marker for the dwarfing gene Rht8. The genetic linkage maps place the wheat microsatellite marker WMS 261 0.6 cM distal to Rht8 on the short arm of chromosome 2D. By PCR analysis the WMS 261 alleles of ‘Mara’, ‘Cappelle-Desprez’ and ‘Ciano...
245 CitationsSource
#2K. D. SayreH-Index: 1
#3S. RajaramH-Index: 1
Last. M. McMahonH-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
The adaptation and performance of CIMMYT's bread wheat germplasm (Triticum aestivum L.) under conditions of low N fertility have been questioned because they were developed under medium-high levels of N fertility. The objectives of this research were to (i) compare the performance of a set of tall vs. semidwarf cultivars developed by CIMMYT that were widely grown by farmers in the Yaqui Valley of Mexico at low and high N fertility, (ii) measure the genetic progress in grain yield and N use effic...
316 CitationsSource
#1Kenneth D. SayreH-Index: 30
#2Sanjaya RajaramH-Index: 39
Last. R.A. FischerH-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
Germplasm from the spring wheat (Trificum oesfivum L.) breeding program at the International Center for Improvement of Maize and Wheat (CIMMYT has had a major impact on the yield of irrigated spring wheats in most developing countries in the past 30 yr. The rate and nature of yield potential progress in this germplasm was measured cornparing eight outstanding short cultivars released in northwest Mexico between 1962 and 1988. They were grown under irrigation and optimal management, including dis...
315 CitationsSource
#1H. A. Francis (Norwich Research Park)H-Index: 1
#2Andrew R. Leitch (QMUL: Queen Mary University of London)H-Index: 54
Last. R. M. D. Koebner (Norwich Research Park)H-Index: 4
view all 3 authors...
Bulk segregant analysis was used to obtain a random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) marker specific for the rye chromosome arm of the 1BL.1RS translocation, which is common in many high-yielding bread wheat varieties. The RAPD-generated band was cloned and end-sequenced to allow the construction of a pair of oligonucleotide primers that PCR-amplify a DNA sequence only in the presence of rye chromatin. The amplified sequence shares a low level of homology to wheat and barley, as judged by the lo...
51 CitationsSource
Cited By46
#1Jinfeng Ding (YZU: Yangzhou University)H-Index: 1
#2Peng Liang (YZU: Yangzhou University)H-Index: 1
Last. Wenshan Guo (YZU: Yangzhou University)H-Index: 47
view all 9 authors...
Abstract Frequent waterlogging events have severely constrained wheat production in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, China (YR). Understanding the effects of waterlogging on agronomic traits and grain yield in historic wheat cultivars can help establish strategies for stable- and high-yield breeding programs. We conducted a two-year field experiment using 10 winter wheat cultivars that were released and widely planted in YR from 1967 to 2010. Ten days of waterlogging were impos...
2 CitationsSource
#1Fan FengH-Index: 4
Last. Kadambot H. M. SiddiqueH-Index: 60
view all 7 authors...
Grain number and weight within a spikelet are major yield components which determine the grain yield in wheat. The objective of this study was to explore genetic gains in grain performance within wheat spikelets at the individual grain level and its effect on grain yield and evaluate genetic progress in stem internode length and other yield-related traits. We conducted field experiments across three growing seasons in the western Yellow and Huai Valley of China; incorporating 17 bread wheat cult...
#1Sonto Silindile Mkhabela (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)H-Index: 1
#2Hussein Shimelis (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)H-Index: 14
Last. Jacob Mashilo (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)H-Index: 4
view all 4 authors...
ABSTRACTGenetic improvement of wheat for drought tolerance can be achieved by developing suitable ideotypes with enhanced yield-response associated with agronomic traits and biochemical markers. Th...
1 CitationsSource
#1Jacob Mashilo (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)H-Index: 4
#2Nkhathutsheleni Maureen Tshikunde (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)H-Index: 1
Last. Alfred Odindo (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)H-Index: 5
view all 4 authors...
Enhanced grain yield has been achieved in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) through development and cultivation of superior genotypes incorporating yield-related agronomic and physiological traits derived from genetically diverse and complementary genetic pool. Despite significant breeding progress, yield levels in wheat have remained relatively low and stagnant under marginal growing environments. There is a need for genetic improvement of wheat using yield-promoting morpho-physiological attri...
1 CitationsSource
#1Shuang Sun (CAU: China Agricultural University)H-Index: 2
#2Xiaoguang Yang (CAU: China Agricultural University)H-Index: 4
Last. Wen-juan XieH-Index: 1
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Understanding the historical variability of winter wheat yield in China can provide insights into future wheat production security and adaptation measures. In this study, two indices, i.e., yield gap percentage (YGpercentage) and yield variation difference (VD), were employed to investigate the winter wheat relatively yield level and yield variability from 1980 to 2010 in 1340 counties in China using a county-level dataset and a crop model (APSIM-Wheat). The study area was classified in...
1 CitationsSource
#1Xiaoliang Qin (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)H-Index: 7
#2Fan Feng (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)H-Index: 4
Last. Yuncheng Liao (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)H-Index: 15
view all 5 authors...
Aims The Yellow and Huai Valleys Winter Wheat Zone (YHVWWZ) is the predominant wheat-producing region in China. This study aimed to identify genetic gains in root characteristics and grain yield of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars to assist future breeding strategies.
1 CitationsSource
#2Huijun GuoH-Index: 6
Last. Luxiang LiuH-Index: 6
view all 11 authors...
Wheat is a staple food commodity grown worldwide, and wheat starch is a valuable source of energy and carbon that constitutes 80% of the grain weight. Manipulation of genes involved in starch synthesis significantly affects wheat grain weight and yield. TaSSIV plays an important role in starch synthesis and its main function is granule formation. To mine and stack more favorable alleles, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TaSSIV-A, B, and D were investigated across 362 wheat accessions by...
#1Shoaib Ur RehmanH-Index: 1
#2Jingyi WangH-Index: 5
Last. Ruilian JingH-Index: 23
view all 6 authors...
Key message We developed breeder-friendly high-throughput and cost-effective KASP marker for marker-assisted selection for grain yield related traits in wheat.
1 CitationsSource
#1Teng LiH-Index: 1
#2Hongwei LiuH-Index: 5
Last. Hongjie LiH-Index: 1
view all 11 authors...
Abstract Knowledge of allelic frequencies at loci associated with kernel weight and effects on kernel weight-related traits is crucial for yield improvement in wheat. Kernel weight-related traits were evaluated in 200 Chinese winter wheat cultivars (lines) grown at the Xinxiang Experimental Station, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences , Xinxiang in Henan Province, for three consecutive years from 2014 to 2016. Alleles associated with kernel weight at nine loci, TaCKX6-D1, TaCwi-A1, TaCWI-4A...
#1Hungyen Chen (NTU: National Taiwan University)H-Index: 4
AbstractLong-term trend of crop yields has been widely studied in global scales to find which crops and which geographic regions offer the best hope of meeting food demands, and which regions needed the most improvements. In this study, a mathematical method was applied to analyze spatial patterns in long-term temporal trends of three major crops’ yields in Japan archipelago. The changes in annual yields of rice, wheat, and soybean over a period of about 60 years in all 47 prefectures of Japan w...
1 CitationsSource