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Genetic improvement of grain yield and associated traits in the southern China winter wheat region: 1949 to 2000

Published on Sep 10, 2007in Euphytica1.53
· DOI :10.1007/s10681-007-9376-8
Yilin Zhou7
Estimated H-index: 7
(CAAS: Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore),
Haitao Zhu9
Estimated H-index: 9
+ 4 AuthorsG. S. Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(H.I., S.I.: University of Agriculture, Faisalabad)
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Abstract
To understand the genetic gains of grain yield in the Southern China Winter Wheat Region (SCWWR), two yield potential trials, i.e., YPT 1 including 11 leading cultivars from the Middle and Low Yangtze Valley (Zone III) and YPT 2 including 15 leading cultivars from the Southwestern China Region (Zone IV) from 1949 to 2000, were conduced during the 2001–2003 cropping seasons. A completely randomized block design of three replicates was employed with controlled field environments. Molecular markers were used to detect the presence of dwarfing genes and the 1B/1R translocation. Results showed that average annual genetic gain was 0.31% (P < 0.05) or 13.96 kg/ha/year and 0.74% (P < 0.01) or 40.80 kg/ha/year in Zones III and IV, respectively. In YPT 1, changes of all other traits were not significant, but plant height was significantly reduced. In YPT 2, the genetic improvement of grain yield was primarily attributed to the increased thousand kernel weight (TKW) (0.65%, P < 0.01) and kernel weight/spike (0.87%, P < 0.01), reduced plant height and increased harvest index (HI). The dwarfing gene Rht 8 was most frequently present (46.1%), Rht-B1b was observed in three genotypes in Zone III, and Rht-D1b was present in only one genotype in Zone IV. The 1B/1R translocation was present in four genotypes. Utilization of Italian germplasm and development of landmark cultivar Fan 7 were the key factors for grain yield improvement in SCWWR. The future challenge of wheat breeding in this region is to continue improving grain yield and disease resistance, and to develop cultivars suitable for the reduced tillage of wheat/rice double cropping. Utilization of Mexican germplasm could provide opportunities for future yield improvement.
  • References (21)
  • Citations (43)
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References21
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2007in Crop Science1.64
Yilin Zhou7
Estimated H-index: 7
(CAAS: Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore),
Zhonghu He48
Estimated H-index: 48
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)
+ 3 AuthorsG. S. Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
Knowledge of changes associated with advances in crop productivity is essential for understanding yield limiting factors and developing strategies for future genetic improvement. The objectives of this study are to understand genetic gain for grain yield and associated traits in the Northern China Winter Wheat Region (NCWWR). Four trials, comprised of 47 leading common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars from the NCWWR from 1960 to 2000, were conducted during 2001 to 2003 using a completely r...
Published on Nov 28, 2006in Euphytica1.53
X. K. Zhang7
Estimated H-index: 7
(CAAS: Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore),
Songjie Yang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAAS: Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore)
+ 2 AuthorsXianchun Xia45
Estimated H-index: 45
(CAAS: Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore)
Reduction of plant height has played a significant role in improving wheat production and knowledge of dwarfing genes in Chinese wheat will be very important for developing high yielding cultivars. Molecular markers were used to detect the presence of genes Rht-B1b (Rht1), Rht-D1b (Rht2) and Rht8 in 220 wheat genotypes from autumn-sown wheat regions in China. They include landmark landraces, leading cultivars and core parents involved in wheat breeding from the 1950s to the present. Results indi...
Published on Jan 1, 2003in Crop Science1.64
Maryse Brancourt-Hulmel17
Estimated H-index: 17
(INRA: Institut national de la recherche agronomique),
G. Doussinault12
Estimated H-index: 12
(INRA: Institut national de la recherche agronomique)
+ 3 AuthorsM. Trottet1
Estimated H-index: 1
(INRA: Institut national de la recherche agronomique)
In a context where agricultural practices in Europe are likely to go toward extensive systems with lower inputs, it is important to determine the genetic improvement of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) not only in high-input agricultural systems but also in low-input systems. This study assesses the improvement in agronomic traits of winter wheat cultivars cultivated in France during the second half of the 20th century at four agronomic treatments: two levels of fungicide were combined with t...
Published on Nov 1, 2002in Theoretical and Applied Genetics3.93
Marc H. Ellis24
Estimated H-index: 24
(CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation),
Wolfgang Spielmeyer39
Estimated H-index: 39
(CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)
+ 2 AuthorsR. A. Richards52
Estimated H-index: 52
(CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)
PCR-based markers were developed to detect the point mutations responsible for the two major semi-dwarfing genes Rht-B1b (Rht1) and Rht-D1b (Rht2) in wheat. These markers were validated by testing 19 wheat varieties of known Rht genotype. They included Rht-B1b and Rht-D1b dwarfs, double-mutant varieties and tall wheats. These were correctly genotyped with the Rht-B1b and Rht-D1b-specific primers, as well as markers specific for the tall alleles Rht-B1a and Rht-D1a. Using a family of doubled-hapl...
Published on Jan 1, 2001in Crop Science1.64
E. Donmez1
Estimated H-index: 1
(KSU: Kansas State University),
R. G. Sears23
Estimated H-index: 23
(KSU: Kansas State University)
+ 1 AuthorsGary M. Paulsen29
Estimated H-index: 29
(KSU: Kansas State University)
Knowledge of changes associated with advances in crop productivity is essential for understanding yield-limiting factors and developing strategies for future improvement. Our objective was to identify plant traits associated with gains in grain yield of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the Great Plains. Twelve landmark cultivars and one experimental line were compared with Turkey' (introduced 1873) at Hutchinson (Clark-Ost complex soil) and Manhattan (Reading silt loam soil), KS, during 19...
Published on Jan 1, 2001
He Zhonghu1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
S. Rajaram38
Estimated H-index: 38
+ 1 AuthorsG.Z. Huang1
Estimated H-index: 1
Published on Jun 26, 1998in Theoretical and Applied Genetics3.93
Viktor Korzun44
Estimated H-index: 44
,
Marion S. Röder55
Estimated H-index: 55
+ 2 AuthorsC. N. Law10
Estimated H-index: 10
(JIC: John Innes Centre)
Two sets of single chromosome recombinant lines comparing 2D chromosomes from the wheat varieties ‘Ciano 67’ and ‘Mara’ with the common 2D chromosome of ‘Cappelle-Desprez’ in a ‘Cappelle-Desprez’ background were used to detect a diagnostic wheat microsatellite marker for the dwarfing gene Rht8. The genetic linkage maps place the wheat microsatellite marker WMS 261 0.6 cM distal to Rht8 on the short arm of chromosome 2D. By PCR analysis the WMS 261 alleles of ‘Mara’, ‘Cappelle-Desprez’ and ‘Ciano...
Published on Jan 1, 1997in Crop Science1.64
K. D. Sayre1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
S. Rajaram1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
M. McMahon1
Estimated H-index: 1
The adaptation and performance of CIMMYT's bread wheat germplasm (Triticum aestivum L.) under conditions of low N fertility have been questioned because they were developed under medium-high levels of N fertility. The objectives of this research were to (i) compare the performance of a set of tall vs. semidwarf cultivars developed by CIMMYT that were widely grown by farmers in the Yaqui Valley of Mexico at low and high N fertility, (ii) measure the genetic progress in grain yield and N use effic...
Published on Jan 1, 1997in Crop Science1.64
K.D. Sayre29
Estimated H-index: 29
,
S. Rajaram38
Estimated H-index: 38
,
R.A. Fischer1
Estimated H-index: 1
Germplasm from the spring wheat (Trificum oesfivum L.) breeding program at the International Center for Improvement of Maize and Wheat (CIMMYT has had a major impact on the yield of irrigated spring wheats in most developing countries in the past 30 yr. The rate and nature of yield potential progress in this germplasm was measured cornparing eight outstanding short cultivars released in northwest Mexico between 1962 and 1988. They were grown under irrigation and optimal management, including dis...
Published on Apr 1, 1995in Plant Breeding1.25
Daniel F. Calderini30
Estimated H-index: 30
(UBA: University of Buenos Aires),
M. F. Dreccer4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UBA: University of Buenos Aires),
Gustavo A. Slafer58
Estimated H-index: 58
(University of Melbourne)
Two field experiments were carried out with seven wheat cultivars (three of them, including a commercial hybrid, released during the last 10 years) representing different eras of plant breeding, to evaluate genetic improvement over the last century in grain yield, height, biomass, harvest index and grain yield components. Plots were fertilized and irrigated, and lodging and diseases were prevented. Main culm height was negatively correlated with the year of release of the cultivars, probably as ...
Cited By43
Newest
Sonto Silindile Mkhabela (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal), Hussein Shimelis12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)
+ 1 AuthorsJacob Mashilo4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)
ABSTRACTGenetic improvement of wheat for drought tolerance can be achieved by developing suitable ideotypes with enhanced yield-response associated with agronomic traits and biochemical markers. Th...
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Field Crops Research3.87
Shuang Sun1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAU: China Agricultural University),
Xiaoguang Yang12
Estimated H-index: 12
(CAU: China Agricultural University)
+ 4 AuthorsWen-juan Xie1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract Understanding the historical variability of winter wheat yield in China can provide insights into future wheat production security and adaptation measures. In this study, two indices, i.e., yield gap percentage ( YG percentage ) and yield variation difference ( VD ), were employed to investigate the winter wheat relatively yield level and yield variability from 1980 to 2010 in 1340 counties in China using a county-level dataset and a crop model (APSIM-Wheat). The study area was classifi...
Published on Oct 3, 2018in Plant and Soil3.26
Xiaoliang Qin5
Estimated H-index: 5
(NWAFU: Northwest A&F University),
Fan Feng3
Estimated H-index: 3
(NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)
+ 2 AuthorsYuncheng Liao12
Estimated H-index: 12
(NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)
Aims The Yellow and Huai Valleys Winter Wheat Zone (YHVWWZ) is the predominant wheat-producing region in China. This study aimed to identify genetic gains in root characteristics and grain yield of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars to assist future breeding strategies.
Published on Apr 18, 2019in Genes3.33
Ahsan Irshad , Huijun Guo5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 8 AuthorsYouzhi Ma
Wheat is a staple food commodity grown worldwide, and wheat starch is a valuable source of energy and carbon that constitutes 80% of the grain weight. Manipulation of genes involved in starch synthesis significantly affects wheat grain weight and yield. TaSSIV plays an important role in starch synthesis and its main function is granule formation. To mine and stack more favorable alleles, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TaSSIV-A, B, and D were investigated across 362 wheat accessions by...
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Theoretical and Applied Genetics3.93
Shoaib Ur Rehman , Jingyi Wang4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 3 AuthorsRuilian Jing22
Estimated H-index: 22
Key message We developed breeder-friendly high-throughput and cost-effective KASP marker for marker-assisted selection for grain yield related traits in wheat.
Published on Feb 1, 2019in Crop Journal
Teng Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Hongwei Liu5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 8 AuthorsHongjun Zhang4
Estimated H-index: 4
Abstract Knowledge of allelic frequencies at loci associated with kernel weight and effects on kernel weight-related traits is crucial for yield improvement in wheat. Kernel weight-related traits were evaluated in 200 Chinese winter wheat cultivars (lines) grown at the Xinxiang Experimental Station, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences , Xinxiang in Henan Province, for three consecutive years from 2014 to 2016. Alleles associated with kernel weight at nine loci, TaCKX6-D1 , TaCwi-A1 , TaCWI-...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Scientific Reports4.01
Jianzhao Duan2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Henan Agricultural University),
Yapeng Wu2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Henan Agricultural University)
+ 6 AuthorsTiancai Guo16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Henan Agricultural University)
Wheat yield components vary between different ecological regions and yield levels. Grain number responses to pre-anthesis dry matter (DM) and nitrogen (N) in increasing yield were always investigated in spike organs, neglecting the effect of non-spike organ nutrition or overall distribution. This paper determined the relationships between grain number and pre-anthesis DM and N in spike and non-spike organs under different yield levels, with using two sorts of field experiments (different water-n...
Published on Sep 1, 2018in Theoretical and Applied Genetics3.93
Faji Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Xinjiang Agricultural University),
Weie Wen8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Xinjiang Agricultural University)
+ 8 AuthorsYingxiu Wan1
Estimated H-index: 1
Key message We identified 21 new and stable QTL, and 11 QTL clusters for yield-related traits in three bread wheat populations using the wheat 90 K SNP assay.
Published on Jul 3, 2018in Plant Production Science1.23
Hungyen Chen3
Estimated H-index: 3
(NTU: National Taiwan University)
AbstractLong-term trend of crop yields has been widely studied in global scales to find which crops and which geographic regions offer the best hope of meeting food demands, and which regions needed the most improvements. In this study, a mathematical method was applied to analyze spatial patterns in long-term temporal trends of three major crops’ yields in Japan archipelago. The changes in annual yields of rice, wheat, and soybean over a period of about 60 years in all 47 prefectures of Japan w...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Agronomy Journal1.80
Shuang Sun1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAU: China Agricultural University),
Xiaoguang Yang12
Estimated H-index: 12
(CAU: China Agricultural University)
+ 2 AuthorsKenan Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAUC: Civil Aviation University of China)
View next paperGenetic improvement of grain yield and associated traits in the Northern China winter wheat region from 1960 to 2000