The supraclavius muscle is a novel muscular anomaly observed in two cases of thoracic outlet syndrome
Published on Jun 1, 2015in Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
· DOI :10.1016/j.jvsc.2015.02.001
Various anomalous muscles and fibrofascial structures have been described in relation to the anatomy of thoracic outlet syndrome. We describe two patients with a previously undescribed muscle anomaly, which originated laterally near the trapezius muscle, coursed across the supraclavicular space deep to the scalene fat pad, and attached obliquely to the superior undersurface of the medial clavicle, which we have termed the "supraclavius" muscle. The significance of the supraclavius muscle is unknown, but its occurrence in patients with thoracic outlet syndrome indicates that it can be associated with narrowing of the anatomic space adjacent to the neurovascular structures.