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International Relations in the US Academy

Published on Jun 1, 2011in International Studies Quarterly 2.17
· DOI :10.1111/j.1468-2478.2011.00653.x
Daniel Maliniak8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UCSD: University of California, San Diego),
Amy Oakes5
Estimated H-index: 5
(W&M: College of William & Mary)
+ 1 AuthorsMichael J. Tierney15
Estimated H-index: 15
(W&M: College of William & Mary)
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Abstract
Using two new data sources to describe trends in the international relations (IR) discipline since 1980—a database of every article published in the 12 leading journals in the field and three surveys of IR faculty at US colleges and universities—we explore the extent of theoretical, methodological, and epistemological diversity in the American study of IR and the relationship between IR scholarship and the policy-making community in the United States. We find, first, that there is considerable and increasing theoretical diversity. Although US scholars believe and teach their students that the major paradigms—realism, liberalism, Marxism, and constructivism—define and divide the discipline, most peer-reviewed research does not advance a theoretical argument from one of these theoretical traditions. There is no evidence, moreover, that realism and its focus on power relations among states dominate, or since 1980 ever has dominated, the literature. Second, although three times as many IR scholars report using qualitative methods as their primary approach, more articles published in the top journals currently employ quantitative tools than any other methodological approach. Third, there exists little epistemological diversity in the field: American IR scholars share a strong and growing commitment to positivism. Finally, there is a disjuncture between what American scholars of IR think about the value of producing policy-relevant work and the actual research they generate: few articles in top journals offer explicit policy advice, but scholars believe that their work is both prescriptive and useful to policymakers.
  • References (52)
  • Citations (67)
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References52
Newest
Published on Mar 19, 2010
Tim Dunne19
Estimated H-index: 19
,
Milja Kurki12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Steve Smith22
Estimated H-index: 22
Machine generated contents note: -- Introduction, Steve Smith -- 1. International Relations and Social Science, Milja Kurki -- 2. Normative International Relations Theory (NEW), Toni Erskine -- 3. Classical Realism, Richard Ned Lebow -- 4. Structural Realism, John Mearsheimer -- 5. Liberalism, Bruce Russett -- 6. Neoliberalism, Jennifer Sterling-Folker -- 7. English School, Tim Dunne -- 8. Marxism and Critical Theory, Mark Rupert -- 9. Constructivism, Karin Fierke -- 10. Feminism, J. Ann Tickner...
Published on Sep 1, 2009in New Political Economy 3.08
Robert W. Cox24
Estimated H-index: 24
Published on Sep 1, 2009in New Political Economy 3.08
Mark Blyth20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Johns Hopkins University)
Published on Feb 16, 2009in Review of International Political Economy 2.80
Daniel Maliniak8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UCSD: University of California, San Diego),
Michael J. Tierney15
Estimated H-index: 15
(W&M: College of William & Mary)
ABSTRACT This paper uses the results of the Teaching, Research, and International Policy (TRIP) project: a multi-year study of the international relations (IR) field in order to discern the major characteristics of international political economy scholarship in the United States today. It finds that, like Benjamin Cohen's depiction of the American school, IPE in the United States is increasingly positivist, quantitative, and liberal in orientation. It employs data from a journal article database...
Published on Aug 14, 2008
Michael Barnett30
Estimated H-index: 30
(UMN: University of Minnesota),
Kathryn Sikkink26
Estimated H-index: 26
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
Published on Aug 14, 2008
Steve Smith22
Estimated H-index: 22
(University of Exeter)
Published on Mar 1, 2008in Politics & Gender 0.78
Daniel Maliniak8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UCSD: University of California, San Diego),
Amy Oakes5
Estimated H-index: 5
(W&M: College of William & Mary)
+ 1 AuthorsMichael J. Tierney15
Estimated H-index: 15
(W&M: College of William & Mary)
Women now receive political science degrees in record numbers, but female representation among political science faculty still lags behind that of many other disciplines. Only 26% of the 13,000 political science professors in the United States today are women (Sedowski and Brintall 2007). According to our recent survey of international relations faculty in the United States—the 2006 Teaching, Research, and International Politics (TRIP) Survey—women comprise an even smaller proportion of IR schol...
Published on Jun 1, 2007in International Journal 0.71
Michael Lipson6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Daniel Maliniak8
Estimated H-index: 8
+ 2 AuthorsMichael J. Tierney15
Estimated H-index: 15
(ProQuest-CSA LLC: ... denotes text stops here in original.)The centre of gravity for the academic discipline of international relations is located in the United States, but Canada boasts a vibrant academic community of international relations scholars.' Through their teaching, research, and consultations with policymakers, Canadian IR scholars influence how Canadian citizens and policymakers think about world politics, and sometimes directly affect the practice of Canadian foreign policy itself...
Cited By67
Newest
Published on Mar 16, 2019in European Political Science 1.14
Antonio Calcara1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali Guido Carli),
Davide Vittori1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali Guido Carli)
International relations (IR) as a discipline have had a troubled history in Italy. Indeed, the previous academic literature on the topic has highlighted how the lack of critical mass and influence of Italian IR scholarship have negatively impacted its visibility at the international level (Lucarelli and Menotti in Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica 32(1):32–82, 2002; Friedrichs in European approaches to international relations theory: a house with many mansions, Routledge, London, 2004). Howev...
Published on Jun 19, 2019
Elvira Rosert1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UHH: University of Hamburg)
Die Internationalen Beziehungen haben sich professionalisiert und sind theorie- und methodenorientierter geworden. Einige Kolleg*innen kritisieren die Nebenwirkungen dieses Wandels: Das Fach habe den Anspruch und die Fahigkeit verloren, gesellschaftliche und politische Impulse zu geben. Diese Kritik weise ich zuruck, indem ich argumentiere, dass Theorien und Methoden Relevanz erst ermoglichen und dass Wissenschaftler*innen heute mit anderen Inhalten und in anderen Spharen sichtbar werden – dass ...
Marie-Eve Desrosiers3
Estimated H-index: 3
(U of O: University of Ottawa)
It is commonly held that there was increased scholarly interest in ethnic conflicts following the end of the Cold War, though what this greater interest has meant in terms of the evolution of this subfield in subsequent decades has rarely been studied. To fill this gap, this article looks at all articles (n = 246) on the causes of ethnic conflicts, out of a total of 20,105 articles published in 30 key journals between 1990 and 2012. Adopting a sociological stance, it argues that the subfield exp...
Published on May 3, 2018in International Studies Quarterly 2.17
Peter Marcus Kristensen5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UCPH: University of Copenhagen)