E2A and EBF Act in Synergy with the V(D)J Recombinase to Generate a Diverse Immunoglobulin Repertoire in Nonlymphoid Cells
Abstract Immunoglobulin (Ig) and T cell receptor (TCR) genes are assembled during lymphocyte maturation through site-specific V(D)J recombination events. Here we show that E2A proteins act in concert with RAG1 and RAG2 to activate Ig Vκ1J but not Igλ VλIII–Jλ1 rearrangement in an embryonic kidney cell line. In contrast, EBF, but not E2A, promotes VλIII–Jλ1 recombination. Either E2A or EBF activate IgH D H 4J recombination but not V(D)J rearrangement. The Ig coding joints are diverse, contain nucleotide deletions, and lack N nucleotide additions. Igκ VJ recombination requires the presence of the E2A transactivation domains. These observations indicate that in nonlymphoid cells a diverse Ig repertoire can be generated by the mere expression of the V(D)J recombinase and a transcriptional regulator.