Study the Effects of Ramadan Fasting on the Serum Glucose and Lipid Profile among Healthy Jordanian Students

Published on Aug 1, 2007in American Journal of Applied Sciences
· DOI :10.3844/ajassp.2007.565.569
K M Saleh Mansi1
Estimated H-index: 1
Ramadan is the holiest month in the Islamic calendar and Muslims fast during this month. We designed this study to evaluate the effect of Ramadan fasting on plasma lipids profile and serum glucose among healthy Jordanian students. Ramadan fasting entails major changes in sleep pattern, physical activity and eating habits, which may cause changes in metabolism both in health and disease. This cohort study was performed during Ramadan in October 2006 (Islamic year 1427). The subjects were 70 healthy Jordanian students (male and female) from three Jordanian universities who fasted during Ramadan. Their mean age was 21 ±1.6 years. We evaluated some anthropometric parameters as body weight (Kg), pulse rate (per minute) and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (mmHg). All parameters at 4 week of Ramadan were significantly lower than pre-Ramadan values, 2 weeks after Ramadan fasting, body weight and other parameters had a trend to recoup to pre-Ramadan status; however, they were still lower than the pre-Ramadan values. We evaluated blood glucose, triglycerides (TG), cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and Triglycerides at 1 day before, at week 1, 2, 4 of the Ramadan month and after tow weeks after the end of Ramadan. It was found that high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol increased significantly during Ramadan, which indicated positive association with pulse rate and fat intake and negative association with systolic blood pressure and weight. The LDLc was significantly reduced at the end of fasting. A reduction in the average TC value was observed at the end of fasting but the difference was not statistically and there no significant rise in the TG and blood sugar values at the end of fasting. This study indicated that Ramadan fasting led to a decrease weight, LDLc significantly, and significant not statistically reduction in the average TC value, and significantly increasing in HDLc was noted during Ramadan. There was a non-significant rise in the TG, and blood sugar value at the end of fasting. It seems that the effect of Ramadan fasting on serum lipid levels may be closely related to the nutritional diet or biochemical response to starvation.
  • References (22)
  • Citations (47)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
8 Authors (Ziaee, ..., Behjati Mj)
200 Citations
95 Citations
112 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
7 CitationsSource
#1Abayomi O. Akanji (Kuniv: Kuwait University)H-Index: 17
#2Olusegun A. Mojiminiyi (Kuniv: Kuwait University)H-Index: 20
Last. N Abdella (Mubarak Al Kabeer Hospital)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
Beneficial changes in serum apo A-1 and its ratio to apo B and HDL in stable hyperlipidaemic subjects after Ramadan fasting in Kuwait
55 CitationsSource
#1A. TemizhanH-Index: 1
#2O DondericiH-Index: 1
Last. B. DemirbasH-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Objective: We investigated whether Ramadan fasting, which concerns billions of Muslims in the world, has a negative effect on coronary heart disease patients. Methods: Patients who were hospitalized at Emergency Center of Ankara Numune Hospital were evaluated retrospectively between the years 1991 and 1997. Patients with acute coronary heart disease events, who were hospitalized and those who died of this disease within the period of before, during, and after Ramadan were evaluated and ...
72 CitationsSource
#1A. AdlouniH-Index: 10
#2Noreddine Ghalim (Pasteur Institute)H-Index: 12
Last. A. Benslimane (Pasteur Institute)H-Index: 14
view all 6 authors...
Abstract In order to investigate for the first time in Morocco the effect of fasting in Ramadan, the ninth lunar month of the muslim year, on lipoprotein metabolism, we determined the levels of serum apolipoproteins; apolipoprotein AI (apo AI), apo B, apo AIV and those of lipoprotein particles; apo AI-containing lipoprotein particles (Lp AI) and also apo AI and apo AII containing lipoprotein particles (Lp AI:AII) in a group of 32 healthy, volunteer adult males. Determination of all these paramet...
57 CitationsSource
#1Maximo MaislosH-Index: 9
#2Y Abou-RabiahH-Index: 1
Last. Shraga Shany (BGU: Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)H-Index: 25
view all 5 authors...
Objectives: To evaluate the effect of a single evening meal (gorging) on plasma lipids and lipoproteins in normal individuals observing the Ramadan Fast. During the Ramadan month, Muslims refrain from food and liquids during the day and eat a large meal after sundown. Design: Sequential measurement of plasma lipids and lipoproteins in Muslims observing the Ramadan Fast and non-fasting individuals. Setting: The study was conducted in the Bedouin town of Rahat, in the northern Negev area of Israel...
76 CitationsSource
#1A. AdlouniH-Index: 10
#2Noreddine Ghalim (Pasteur Institute)H-Index: 12
Last. Rachid SaileH-Index: 10
view all 5 authors...
155 CitationsSource
29 Citations
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of altering meal frequency on postprandial lipaemia and associated parameters. DESIGN: A randomized open cross over study to examine the programming effects of altering meal frequency. A standard test meal was given on three occasions following: (i) the normal diet; (ii) a period of two weeks on a nibbling and (iii) a period of two weeks on a gorging diet. SETTING: Free living subjects associated with the University of Surrey. SUBJECTS: Eleven female volunteers...
39 Citations
#1J el AtiH-Index: 1
#2C. BejiH-Index: 7
Last. J. DanguirH-Index: 2
view all 3 authors...
Possible effects of Ramadan fasting on anthro- pometnic and metabolic variables were investigated in healthy Tunisian Moslem women. Total daily energy intake remained unchanged whereas the qualitative components of nutrients were markedly affected. Neither body weight nor body composition were influenced by Ramadan fasting. Results also indicate the concomitant decrease of plasma insulin concentrations with respi- ratory and energy expenditure during Ramadan. The circadian evolution of nutrient ...
150 CitationsSource
#1Abdel Fattah A. Al-Hader (JUST: Jordan University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Niazy A. Abu-Farsakh (JUST: Jordan University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 2
Last. Zuheir Hasan (JUST: Jordan University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 6
view all 4 authors...
Fasting levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, uric acid, fructosamine and glycosylated hemoglobin were measured in normal and in Type II diabetic subjects before the beginning and at the end of the...
24 CitationsSource
Cited By47
#1Haitham Jahrami (Arabian Gulf University)H-Index: 5
#2Joud Alsibai (College of Health Sciences, Bahrain)H-Index: 1
Last. “Mo'ez Al-Islam” E. Faris (College of Health Sciences, Bahrain)H-Index: 6
view all 4 authors...
Studies on the effect of Ramadan diurnal intermittent fasting (RDIF) on body weight have yielded conflicting results. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the effect size of body weight changes in healthy, non-athletic Muslims practicing Ramadan fasting, and to assess the effect of covariates such as age, sex, fasting time duration, season, and country, using subgroup analysis, and meta-regression. Covariate adjustments were performed to explain the variabili...
#1Hamish A. FernandoH-Index: 4
#2Jessica ZibelliniH-Index: 4
Last. Amanda SainsburyH-Index: 50
view all 5 authors...
Background: Ramadan involves one month of fasting from sunrise to sunset. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to determine the effect of Ramadan fasting on weight and body composition. Methods: In May 2018, we searched six databases for publications that measured weight and body composition before and after Ramadan, and that did not attempt to influence physical activity or diet. Results: Data were collected from 70 publications (90 comparison groups, 2947 participants). There was a significant posi...
2 CitationsSource
#1Naif S. Al-barha (SUS: Shanghai University of Sport)H-Index: 1
#2Khalid S. Aljaloud (KSU: King Saud University)H-Index: 1
There are few studies investigating the role of Ramadan fasting on body composition and the characteristics of metabolic syndrome, especially in hot environments. The main aim of the study was to investigate the effect of Ramadan fasting on body composition and the characteristics of metabolic syndrome in apparently healthy men. In a randomized design, 44 college students aged 27.6 ± 5.8 years were selected to participate in the present study. Lifestyle was assessed by a developed questionnaire,...
1 CitationsSource
#1Anindita Singha Roy (CU: University of Calcutta)H-Index: 2
#2Amit Bandyopadhyay (CU: University of Calcutta)H-Index: 8
During the month of Ramadan intermittent fasting (RIF), both dietary and sleep patterns are adversely affected to cope with the rituals of Ramadan. Literature suggests that sleep deprivation and alteration of dietary pattern and nutritional impairment affect the pulmonary structure and function. Pulmonary function during RIF was not explored earlier. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of RIF on pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in healthy young Muslim males. Fifty sedentary nonsmok...
6 CitationsSource
#1Mohamed Mohany (KSU: King Saud University)H-Index: 10
#2Nick AshtonH-Index: 19
Last. Saleh H. Alwasel (KSU: King Saud University)H-Index: 24
view all 6 authors...
#1Melika Chihaoui (Tunis University)H-Index: 4
#2W. Grira (Tunis University)H-Index: 1
Last. Hedia Slimane (Tunis University)H-Index: 7
view all 10 authors...
Abstract Objectives The risk for hypoglycemia during Ramadan fasting in patients with adrenal insufficiency (AI) is not fully known. The aims of this study were to evaluate this risk objectively and to determine the associated factors. Methods This prospective case-crossover study included 25 women and 5 men with known and treated AI and a median age of 38.5 y. Patients underwent clinical examination and a fasting blood sample was collected to measure glucose, urea, creatinine, sodium, potassium...
1 CitationsSource
Gece boyunca 8-10 saat sureyle ac kalmak cogu insan icin normaldir. Aclik, koordineli bir dizi metabolik degisiklik ile karakterizedir, endojen karbonhidrati koruyan ve enerji kaynagi olarak yag kullanimini artiran bir durumdur. Endojen karbonhidrat kullanimi sinirlanirken, amino asitlerden, gliserolden ve keton cisimciklerinden glikoneojenez yoluyla karbonhidrat yapimi artis gosterir. Bircok kisi dini veya kulturel sebeplerden dolayi periyodik olarak ac kalmaktadir. Ramazan, Islam dininde 30 gu...
#1Fereshteh Aliasghari (Tabriz University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 2
#2Azimeh Izadi (Tabriz University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 3
Last. Sara Ebrahimi (Jahrom University)H-Index: 3
view all 4 authors...
ABSTRACTBackground and aim: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic liver disease and is a serious global health problem. Regarding the increasing prevalence of NAFLD, finding various strategies to prevent and manage the disease is of great importance. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of caloric restriction during Ramadan fasting on anthropometric indices, fasting glucose, plasma insulin, insulin resistance, and inflammatory cytokines (C-reactive protein and inter...
4 CitationsSource
#1Mubin Mustafa Kiyani (Riphah International University)H-Index: 1
#2Aamir Raoof MemonH-Index: 4
Last. Tariq Mahmood (QAU: Quaid-i-Azam University)H-Index: 19
view all 6 authors...
Ramadan fasting is obligatory for Muslims each year. They abstain from drinking, eating and intimate relationship between dawn and dusk during this month. Dietary restriction during Ramadan has various biochemical and physiological effects. It is shown to decrease the body weight, glucose and lipid profile. This study aims to analyze the changes in body weight, glucose and lipid profile during Ramadan in physiotherapy students in Pakistan. The study was conducted during June–July 2013 (Hijri yea...
3 CitationsSource