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Is National Culture a Meaningful Concept? Cultural Values Delineate Homogeneous National Clusters of In-Country Regions

Published on May 1, 2012in Cross-Cultural Research1.32
· DOI :10.1177/1069397111427262
Michael Minkov19
Estimated H-index: 19
(International University, Cambodia),
Geert Hofstede62
Estimated H-index: 62
(UM: Maastricht University)
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Abstract
Although many cross-cultural studies have used nations as the units of analysis, the concept of national culture has been challenged on various grounds. One objection is that there may be significant cultural diversity within some countries and similarities across national borders, compromising the concept of national culture. This objection has little empirical support. We used latest World Values Survey data and found that 299 in-country regions from 28 countries in East and Southeast Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, and the Anglo world overwhelmingly cluster along national lines on basic cultural values, cross-border intermixtures being relatively rare. This is true even of countries like Malaysia and Indonesia, or Mexico and Guatemala, despite their shared official languages, religions, ethnic groups, historical experiences, and various traditions. Even the regions of neighboring African nations, such as Ghana, Burkina Faso, and Mali, do not intermix much when they are clustered on the basis o...
  • References (20)
  • Citations (109)
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References20
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#1Geert Hofstede (Tilburg University)H-Index: 62
#2Adriana Victoria Garibaldi de Hilal (UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)H-Index: 5
Last.Henk VinkenH-Index: 1
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#1Peter B. SmithH-Index: 41
#2Mark F. PetersonH-Index: 30
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#1Tomasz Lenartowicz (FAU: Florida Atlantic University)H-Index: 15
#2James P. Johnson (Rollins College)H-Index: 15
Last.Carolyn T White (William Peace University)H-Index: 1
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#1Tijana Radojević (Singidunum University)H-Index: 4
#2Nemanja Stanišić (Singidunum University)H-Index: 5
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#1Jason Lortie (FGCU: Florida Gulf Coast University)H-Index: 1
#2Tais S Barreto (NSU: Nova Southeastern University)H-Index: 1
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#1Jadranka ŠvarcH-Index: 3
#2Jasminka Lažnjak (University of Zagreb)H-Index: 3
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#1Dennis W. Paetzel (UMN: University of Minnesota)
#2Louis N. Quast (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 3
Last.Tasha S. Hart-Mrema (UMN: University of Minnesota)
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#1Fernando de Oliveira Santini (Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos)H-Index: 6
#2Wagner Junior Ladeira (Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos)H-Index: 6
Last.Pietro Cunha Dolci (UNISC: Universidade de Santa Cruz do Sul)H-Index: 4
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