Understanding and planning ecological restoration of plant–pollinator networks

Published on Apr 1, 2012in Ecology Letters8.699
· DOI :10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01740.x
Mariano Devoto12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UoB: University of Bristol),
Sallie Bailey8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Forestry Commission)
+ 1 AuthorsJane Memmott47
Estimated H-index: 47
(UoB: University of Bristol)
Ecology Letters (2012) 15: 319–328 Abstract Theory developed from studying changes in the structure and function of communities during natural or managed succession can guide the restoration of particular communities. We constructed 30 quantitative plant–flower visitor networks along a managed successional gradient to identify the main drivers of change in network structure. We then applied two alternative restoration strategies in silico (restoring for functional complementarity or redundancy) to data from our early successional plots to examine whether different strategies affected the restoration trajectories. Changes in network structure were explained by a combination of age, tree density and variation in tree diameter, even when variance explained by undergrowth structure was accounted for first. A combination of field data, a network approach and numerical simulations helped to identify which species should be given restoration priority in the context of different restoration targets. This combined approach provides a powerful tool for directing management decisions, particularly when management seeks to restore or conserve ecosystem function.
  • References (39)
  • Citations (73)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
382 Citations
20062.38BMC Ecology
3 Authors (Nico Blüthgen, ..., Nils Blüthgen)
525 Citations
3 Authors (Jane Memmott, ..., Mary V. Price)
636 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Natacha P. Chacoff (CONICET: National Scientific and Technical Research Council)H-Index: 17
#2Diego P. Vázquez (National University of Cuyo)H-Index: 35
Last. Benigno Padrón (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 9
view all 6 authors...
Summary 1. The study of plant–pollinator interactions in a network context is receiving increasing attention. This approach has helped to identify several emerging network patterns such as nestedness and modularity. However, most studies are based only on qualitative information, and some ecosystems, such as deserts and tropical forests, are underrepresented in these data sets. 2. We present an exhaustive analysis of the structure of a 4-year plant–pollinator network from the Monte desert in Arg...
149 CitationsSource
#1Katherine C. R. Baldock (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 12
#2Jane Memmott (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 47
Last. Graham N. Stone (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 47
view all 5 authors...
Ecological interaction networks are a valuable approach to understanding plant–pollinator interactions at the community level. Highly structured daily activity patterns are a feature of the biology of many flower visitors, particularly provisioning female bees, which often visit different floral sources at different times. Such temporal structure implies that presence/absence and relative abundance of specific flower–visitor interactions (links) in interaction networks may be highly sensitive to...
38 CitationsSource
#1Myles H. M. Menz (Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority)H-Index: 12
#2Ryan D. Phillips (Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority)H-Index: 19
Last. Kingsley W. Dixon (Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority)H-Index: 56
view all 7 authors...
Ecological restoration of plant–pollinator interactions has received surprisingly little attention, despite animal-mediated pollination underpinning reproduction of the majority of higher plants. Here, we offer a conceptual and practical framework for the ecological restoration of pollination mutualisms. Through the use of targeted restoration plantings to attract and sustain pollinators and increased knowledge of the ecological requirements of pollinators, we propose that pollination could be s...
167 CitationsSource
#1Matthias Albrecht (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 16
#2Matthias Riesen (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 5
Last. Bernhard Schmid (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 86
view all 3 authors...
Forelands of retreating glaciers offer an ideal model system to study community assembly processes during primary succession. As plants colonize the area that is freed from ice they should be accompanied by their pollinators to successfully reproduce and spread. However, little is known about the assembly of plant–pollinator networks. We therefore used quantitative network analysis to study the structure of plant–pollinator interactions at seven sites representing a chronosequence from 8 to 130 ...
60 CitationsSource
#1Jason M. Tylianakis (Cant.: University of Canterbury)H-Index: 41
#2Etienne Laliberté (Cant.: University of Canterbury)H-Index: 30
Last. Jordi Bascompte (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 61
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Recent work has shown that antagonist (e.g. predator–prey food web) and mutualist (e.g. pollinator–plant) network structure can be altered by global environmental change drivers, and that these alterations may have important ecosystem-level consequences. This has prompted calls for the conservation of network structure, but precisely which attributes of webs should be conserved remains unclear. Further, the extent to which network metrics characterise the spatiotemporally-variable dynam...
382 CitationsSource
#1Simon G. Potts (University of Reading)H-Index: 63
#2Jacobus C. Biesmeijer (University of Leeds)H-Index: 38
Last. William E. Kunin (University of Leeds)H-Index: 51
view all 6 authors...
Pollinators are a key component of global biodiversity, providing vital ecosystem services to crops and wild plants. There is clear evidence of recent declines in both wild and domesticated pollinators, and parallel declines in the plants that rely upon them. Here we describe the nature and extent of reported declines, and review the potential drivers of pollinator loss, including habitat loss and fragmentation, agrochemicals, pathogens, alien species, climate change and the interactions between...
2,226 CitationsSource
#1Christopher N. Kaiser-Bunbury (EPFL: École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne)H-Index: 17
#2Stefanie Muff (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 12
Last. Amedeo Caflisch (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 62
view all 5 authors...
Species extinctions pose serious threats to the functioning of ecological communities worldwide. We used two qualitative and quantitative pollination networks to simulate extinction patterns following three removal scenarios: random removal and systematic removal of the strongest and weakest interactors. We accounted for pollinator behaviour by including potential links into temporal snapshots (12 consecutive 2-week networks) to reflect mutualists' ability to 'switch' interaction partners (re-wi...
244 CitationsSource
#1R.E. Roberts (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 1
#2Deborah L. Clark (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 6
Last. Mark V. Wilson (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
Questions: Are traits related to the performance of plant species in restoration? Are the relationships between traits and performance consistent across the functional groups of annual forbs, perennial forbs and grasses? Do the relationships between traits and performance depend on neighboring functional groups? Location: A former agricultural field, being restored to native upland prairie, in the Willamette Valley of western Oregon, USA. Methods: Twenty-eight native species, representing three ...
27 CitationsSource
#1Ruben H. Heleno (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 20
#2InÊs Lacerda (UC: University of Coimbra)H-Index: 1
Last. Jane Memmott (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 47
view all 4 authors...
Plant invasions are a key cause of biodiversity loss and motivate many restoration programs worldwide. We assessed restoration success of an invaded forest in the Azores using two complementary experimental designs: a before–after control–impact (BACI) design compared a restored and a control (unmanipulated) site over three years, while a control–impact (CI) design evaluated the short-term effects of restoration on restored–control replicated pairs. In both designs, a food web approach was used ...
61 CitationsSource
#1Adrian Ares (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 18
#2Shanti Berryman (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 6
Last. Klaus J. Puettmann (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 32
view all 3 authors...
Question: Can augmented forest stand complexity increase understory vegetation richness and cover and accelerate the development of late-successional features? Does within-stand understory vegetation variability increase after imposing treatments that increase stand structural complexity of the overstory? What is the relative contribution of individual stand structural components (i.e. forest matrix, gaps, and leave island reserves) to changes in understory vegetation richness? Location: Seven s...
48 CitationsSource
Cited By73
#1Lauren C. Ponisio (UCR: University of California, Riverside)H-Index: 10
Theory predicts that network characteristics may help anticipate how populations and communities respond to extreme climatic events, but local environmental context may also influence responses to extreme events. For example, altered fire regimes in many ecosystems may significantly affect the context for how species and communities respond to changing climate. In this study, I tested whether the responses of a pollinator community to extreme drought were influenced by the surrounding diversity ...
Last. Elizabeth L. ClareH-Index: 25
view all 7 authors...
Habitat degradation is pervasive across the tropics and is particularly acute in Southeast Asia, with major implications for biodiversity. Much research has addressed the impact of degradation on species diversity; however, little is known about how ecological interactions are altered, including those that constitute important ecosystem functions such as pest consumption. We examined how rainforest degradation alters trophic interaction networks linking insectivorous bats and their prey. We used...
#1Charlie C. Nicholson (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 1
#2Paul A. Egan (SLU: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)H-Index: 7
Natural hazards are naturally occurring physical events that can impact human welfare both directly and indirectly, via shocks to ecosystems and the services they provide. Animal-mediated pollination is critical for sustaining agricultural economies and biodiversity, yet stands to lose both from present exposure to natural hazards, and future climate-driven shifts in their distribution, frequency, and intensity. In contrast to the depth of knowledge available for anthropogenic-related threats, o...
3 CitationsSource
#1Israel Schneiberg (UFPR: Federal University of Paraná)H-Index: 1
#2Danilo Boscolo (FFCLRP: Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto)H-Index: 11
Last. Isabela Galarda Varassin (UFPR: Federal University of Paraná)H-Index: 14
view all 10 authors...
Anthropogenic activities are the main cause of habitat loss and fragmentation, which directly affects biodiversity. Disruption in landscape connectivity among populations may affect complex interactions between species and ecosystem functions, such as pollination and seed dispersal, and ultimately result in secondary extinctions. Urbanization, one of the most intense forms of landscapes changes, has been reported to negatively affect bird and plant diversity. Still, little is known about the eff...
1 CitationsSource
#1Ainhoa MagrachH-Index: 14
#2Francisco P. Molina (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 1
Last. Ignasi Bartomeus (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 29
view all 3 authors...
Declines in pollinator diversity and abundance have been reported across different regions, with implications for the reproductive success of plant species. However, research has focused primarily on pairwise plant-pollinator interactions, largely overlooking community-level dynamics. Yet species do not interact in isolation, they are embedded within larger networks whose structure can affect pollinator functional roles and, ultimately, the pollination services they deliver to plants. Here, we p...
1 CitationsSource
#1A. J. Campbell (Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária)
#1A. J. Campbell (Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária)
Last. Tereza Cristina Giannini (UFPA: Federal University of Pará)H-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
The alarming rate of global pollinator decline has made habitat restoration for pollinators a conservation priority. At the same time, empirical and theoretical studies on plant-pollinator networks have demonstrated that plant species are not equally important for pollinator community persistence and restoration. However, the scarcity of comprehensive datasets on plant-pollinator networks in tropical ecosystems constrains their practical value for pollinator restoration. As closely-related speci...
1 CitationsSource
#1Roxibell C. Pelayo (University of Vigo)H-Index: 1
#2Pascual J. Soriano (University of Los Andes)H-Index: 14
Last. Luis Navarro (University of Vigo)H-Index: 44
view all 4 authors...
ABSTRACTBackground: Little information is available about life history of paramo plants such as phenology and plant-animal interactions.Aims: We analysed phenological patterns of flowering and char...
1 CitationsSource
#1Norbertas Noreika (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 1
#2Ignasi Bartomeus (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 29
Last. Erik Öckinger (SLU: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)H-Index: 25
view all 5 authors...
We examined how plant-pollinator interactions were affected by time since habitat restoration and landscape connectivity by comparing plant-pollinator networks in restored, abandoned and continuously grazed semi-natural pastures in south-central Sweden. We measured richness of flowering plants and pollinators, and local plant-pollinator network characteristics including species composition as well as the number and identity of interactions, allowing a deeper understanding of species and interact...
#1Mercedes M. C. Bustamante (UnB: University of Brasília)H-Index: 40
#2José Salomão Oliveira Silva (UnB: University of Brasília)H-Index: 4
Last. Carlos A. Nobre (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 54
view all 29 authors...
Climate change is a global phenomenon that affects biophysical systems and human well-being. The Paris Agreement of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change entered into force in 2016 with the objective of strengthening the global response to climate change by keeping global temperature rise this century well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 °C. The agreement requires all Parties to submit their “n...
9 CitationsSource
#1Ben Gooden (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 6
#2Eilysh Rosalie Thompson (Deakin University)
Last. Kris French (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 21
view all 3 authors...
Anthropogenic landscape modification can disrupt mutualistic interactions between native plants and soil microbes. Restoration of native vegetation in disturbed habitats may depend upon reconnecting plants with their fungal symbionts, such as arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). We compared levels of root colonisation by AMF (arbuscules, vesicles, aseptate hyphae) and dark septate endophytes (DSE; septate hyphae, microsclerotia) between reconstructed and remnant dunes along the southern coastline...
2 CitationsSource