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Water saving vs. farm economics in cotton surface irrigation: an application of multicriteria analysis

Published on Dec 1, 2012in Agricultural Water Management 3.54
· DOI :10.1016/j.agwat.2012.09.006
Hanna Darouich1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Technical University of Lisbon),
J. M. Gonçalves15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Technical University of Lisbon)
+ 1 AuthorsLuis S. Pereira51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Technical University of Lisbon)
Cite
Abstract
Improving surface irrigation systems for cotton in Ras-El-Ain district, Northeast Syria, needs finding alternative solutions that provide for both water saving and farm economic benefits in a context of small and family farms. Multicriteria analysis was used to evaluate and rank a set of furrow and border irrigation alternatives, with and without precise land leveling, that were created with the decision support system SADREG. This approach allowed to consider various criteria, mainly water saving and farm economics. Results show that both graded furrow and border alternatives are acceptable, with a slight advantage for graded furrows. Alternatives without land leveling have shown to be more appropriate when focusing farm economic results, while alternatives including land leveling were selected when priorities were assigned to water saving. These results relate with higher costs of alternatives that consider land leveling. Equipment for appropriate control of inflow rates was considered for all cases. The improved alternatives may lead to savings of 20–28% of irrigation water and increasing the irrigation water productivity from present 0.31 to 0.44kgm−3. When the same alternatives were ranked for a 20% deficit irrigation their rankings changed, with reduced ranks of alternatives requiring land leveling. This is due to the fact that yields and yield values are reduced with deficit irrigation, thus making it less favorable to select alternatives that imply higher costs. The study shows that adopting more advanced but more costly irrigation technologies aimed at water saving requires appropriate economic incentives, training of farmers and an institutional framework able to support the sustainable use of water in irrigation.
  • References (37)
  • Citations (16)
Cite
References37
Newest
Published on Nov 1, 2012in Journal of Arid Environments 1.82
Zena Kamash4
Estimated H-index: 4
Abstract This paper uses a multi-faceted approach to understand the use and distribution of different irrigation technologies in the Roman Near East (63 BC - AD 636), looking at the ways in which social and environmental factors affected the implementation of those irrigation technologies. It is argued that no single factor can fully explain how irrigation technologies were used across time and space in this region. Instead, choices in irrigation technology seem to have been governed by a comple...
Published on Oct 4, 2012
Jean-Charles Pomerol15
Estimated H-index: 15
,
Sergio Barba-Romero3
Estimated H-index: 3
Multicriterion Decision in Management: Principles and Practice is the first multicriterion analysis book devoted exclusively to discrete multicriterion decision making. Typically, multicriterion analysis is used in two distinct frameworks: Firstly, there is multiple criteria linear programming, which is an extension of the results of linear programming and its associated algorithms. Secondly, there is discrete multicriterion decision making, which is concerned with choices among a finite number ...
Published on Jan 1, 2012in Sensor Letters
Dachun Chen1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Xiaoyun Lei1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsYan Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
Published on Jan 1, 2012in Applied Engineering in Agriculture 0.74
Jayashankar Subramani1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Edward C Martin8
Estimated H-index: 8
In 2001, the Arizona Department of Water Resources implemented an agricultural Best Management Practice (BMP) program. The program was designed to encourage the use of BMPs in irrigation with the goal of increasing the efficient use of water resources on the farm. Several BMPs were identified through meetings with stakeholders, researchers, and scientists. One of the BMPs identified was alternate furrow irrigation. This three-year study was designed to determine the impact of alternate furrow ir...
Published on Sep 1, 2011in Water International 1.89
Mehmet Öztan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Mark Axelrod5
Estimated H-index: 5
(MSU: Michigan State University)
Recent scholarship evaluates how peace and conflict affect resource sustainability. The authors of this article address how enhanced Turkey–Syria cooperation could impact management of the Ceylanpinar Aquifer, which flows beneath both countries and accounts for over10% of Turkey's transboundary groundwater discharge. Although the Euphrates–Tigris river system apportionment has been critical for bilateral relations, allocation of the Ceylanpinar Aquifer has been neglected. The authors develop a s...
Published on Aug 1, 2011in Biosystems Engineering 2.98
J. M. Gonçalves15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Technical University of Lisbon),
A. Muga2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Technical University of Lisbon)
+ 1 AuthorsLuis S. Pereira51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Technical University of Lisbon)
This study describes an application of the SADREG decision support system to cotton furrow irrigation in Central Fergana Valley, Uzbekistan. This application aims at modernizing furrow irrigation and is based upon field trials on crop water requirements and surge irrigation. A large number of design alternatives were generated for a typical field, which were compared in terms of water use, irrigation water productivity, irrigation costs and yield value. This comparison has shown that alternative...
Published on Jan 1, 2010
D. Galli1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
C. Morini1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 4 AuthorsB. Hubert12
Estimated H-index: 12
This paper reports the main results of an integrated initiative of international technical cooperation in agriculture financed by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and jointly implemented by the CIHEAM MAI Bari and the Syrian Ministries of Irrigation and of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform. The project entitled: “Rationalization of Ras El Ain Irrigation Systems” started in January 2005 and ended in March 2008. The project was aimed at addressing the problem of water resources scarcity in th...
Published on Jun 1, 2009in Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering-asce
J. M. Gonçalves15
Estimated H-index: 15
,
Luis S. Pereira51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Technical University of Lisbon)
The SADREG decision support system was developed to help decision makers in the process of design and selection of farm surface irrigation systems to respond to requirements of modernization of surface irrigation—furrow, basin, and border irrigation. It includes a database, simulation models, user-friendly interfaces, and multicriteria analysis models. SADREG is comprised of two components: design and selection. The first component applies database information, and through several simulation and...
Published on May 1, 2009in Agricultural Water Management 3.54
Luis S. Pereira51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Technical University of Lisbon),
Paula Paredes18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Technical University of Lisbon)
+ 3 AuthorsM.G. Horst3
Estimated H-index: 3
The Central Asian countries face high water scarcity due to aridity and desertification but excess water is often applied to the main irrigated crops. This over-irrigation contributes to aggravate water scarcity problems. Improved water saving irrigation is therefore required, mainly through appropriate irrigation scheduling. To provide for it, after being previously calibrated and validated for cotton in the Fergana region, the irrigation scheduling simulation model ISAREG was explored to simul...
Published on Apr 1, 2009in Agricultural Water Management 3.54
Celestina M. G. Pedras3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Technical University of Lisbon),
Luis S. Pereira51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Technical University of Lisbon),
Jorge Gonçalves1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Technical University of Lisbon)
The decision support system (DSS) MIRRIG has been developed to support the design of microirrigation systems and to advise farmers as a result of field evaluations. It is written in Visual Basic 6.0, runs in a Windows environment, and uses a database with information on emitters and pipes available in the market, as well as on crops, soils and the systems under design. MIRRIG is composed by design and simulation models and a multicriteria analysis model that ranks alternative design solutions ba...
Cited By16
Newest
Published on Feb 1, 2019in Agricultural Water Management 3.54
Alice Alonso (UCL: Université catholique de Louvain), Nicolas Feltz2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UCL: Université catholique de Louvain)
+ 2 AuthorsMarnik Vanclooster38
Estimated H-index: 38
(UCL: Université catholique de Louvain)
Programs targeting conversion to irrigation techniques promoted as water-efficient, such as drip irrigation, are multiplying worldwide with the claimed objective to secure food production while alleviating the pressure on water resources. However, there is a persisting and widespread questioning about the actual impact when implementing the techniques in the real-world context, particularly in smallholder farms. We propose a framework to support an integrated assessment of the impact on farm hol...
Published on Jan 13, 2018in Water 2.52
Qingfeng Miao3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Haibin Shi3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 1 AuthorsLuís Ferreira Pereira5
Estimated H-index: 5
The sustainability of the Hetao Irrigation System, located in the water scarce upper Yellow River basin, is a priority considering the need for water saving, increased water productivity, and higher farmers’ incomes. The upgrading of basin irrigation, the main irrigation method, is essential and includes the adoption of precise land levelling, cut-off management, improved water distribution uniformity, and adequate irrigation scheduling. With this objective, the current study focuses on upgradin...
Published on Feb 26, 2017in Sustainability 2.59
Manel Ben Hassen3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Federica Monaco5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 3 AuthorsGuido Sali8
Estimated H-index: 8
Italian rice production is progressively threatened by water scarcity. Some strategies have been developed to reduce water use. Nevertheless, reducing water irrigation amounts may lower paddy rice production. This publication compares the productivity and the economic performances of traditional and modern rice varieties in northern Italy using two different water management systems. The objective of this analysis is to enhance Italian rice cultivation at the economic, environmental and agronomi...
Published on Jan 13, 2017in Water 2.52
Hanaa Darouich3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
M.R. Cameira11
Estimated H-index: 11
+ 2 AuthorsLuis S. Pereira51
Estimated H-index: 51
Coping with water scarcity using supplemental irrigation of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the semi-arid northeast Syria is a great challenge for sustainable water use in agriculture. Graded borders and set sprinkler systems were compared using multi-criteria analysis. Alternative solutions for surface irrigation and for sprinkler systems were developed with the SADREG and the PROASPER design models, respectively. For each alternative, two deficit irrigation strategies were considered, which we...
Published on Oct 1, 2016in Engenharia Agricola 0.54
João Rolim4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Lisbon),
J. L. Teixeira4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Lisbon)
Travelling gun irrigation systems offer great mobility and operation flexibility with a low investment cost per unit of irrigated area. However, the drawbacks include high operating pressure, low application efficiency, and high rainfall, runoff and erosion. Many of these problems can be minimized if the design and operation of travelling gun irrigation systems are carried out carefully, taking into account several design criteria that will ensure the quality of the irrigation performed by the s...
Published on Sep 1, 2016in International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 4.08
Meng Xu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(BNU: Beijing Normal University),
Xiao Bai2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Zhejiang University of Finance and Economics)
+ 1 AuthorsHulin Pan2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Zhejiang University of Finance and Economics)
Abstract Water, taken as the source of life, is one of the most important constituent parts of the global ecological system. The water resources problem is becoming more and more severe as a result of the acceleration of the process of urbanization in China and an increased population since reform and opening up. Therefore, reclaimed water irrigation is one of the effective measures to deal with the scarcity of water resources. In line with the necessity and urgency of reclaimed water reuse at p...
Published on Aug 8, 2016in Water 2.52
Federica Monaco5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Milan),
Guido Sali8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Milan)
+ 3 AuthorsGiampiero Valè1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Milan)
Due to the changing climatic and environmental conditions, modifications in agricultural and water policies have been made, and irrigated agriculture has to face the challenge of making a rational and optimal use of the water resource effectively available. This urges rice farming, strongly and traditionally linked to water, to change the modalities for the use of the resource. If on one hand water saving techniques should be preferred, a different water management in paddy fields may lead to lo...
Published on Sep 1, 2015in Journal of Environmental Management 4.87
Kent Kovacs13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UA: University of Arkansas),
Mattia Mancini1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UA: University of Arkansas),
Grant West3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UA: University of Arkansas)
Abstract Expanding irrigated agriculture and dryer climatic conditions has led to large-scale withdrawals of groundwater and the decline in shallow aquifers. Policy makers must wrestle with the challenge of maintaining economic growth while conserving the groundwater resource. A spatially explicit landscape level model analyzes consequences of optimally chosen crop mix patterns on an aquifer and economic returns. The model of the groundwater use incorporates irrigation needs of the crops grown, ...
Published on Aug 1, 2015in Biosystems Engineering 2.98
Qingfeng Miao3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Inner Mongolia Agricultural University),
Haibin Shi3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Inner Mongolia Agricultural University)
+ 1 AuthorsLuis S. Pereira51
Estimated H-index: 51
(University of Lisbon)
Water-saving irrigation needs to be implemented in Hetao irrigation district to help satisfying the demand by other users in the Yellow River basin. Aiming at assessing the potential irrigation performance and water saving at farm level, a set of traditional basins and another of precision-levelled basins cropped with maize, wheat and sunflower and managed by farmers were evaluated. Data were collected to characterise the basin sizes, microtopography, inflow rates, advance and recession times, c...