Ethical concerns of nursing reviewers: An international survey

Published on Nov 1, 2010in Nursing Ethics1.957
· DOI :10.1177/0969733010379177
Marion E. Broome32
Estimated H-index: 32
(IU: Indiana University Bloomington),
Molly C. Dougherty24
Estimated H-index: 24
(UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
+ 2 AuthorsJudith Gedney Baggs22
Estimated H-index: 22
(OHSU: Oregon Health & Science University)
Editors of scientific literature rely heavily on peer reviewers to evaluate the integrity of research conduct and validity of findings in manuscript submissions. The purpose of this study was to describe the ethical concerns of reviewers of nursing journals. This descriptive cross-sectional study was an anonymous online survey. The findings reported here were part of a larger investigation of experiences of reviewers. Fifty-two editors of nursing journals (six outside the USA) agreed to invite their review panels to participate. A 69-item forced-choice and open-ended survey developed by the authors based on the literature was pilot tested with 18 reviewers before being entered into SurveyMonkeyTM. A total of 1675 reviewers responded with useable surveys. Six questions elicited responses about ethical issues, such as conflict of interest, protection of human research participants, plagiarism, duplicate publication, misrepresentation of data and ‘other’. The reviewers indicated whether they had experienced ...
  • References (9)
  • Citations (13)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
44 Citations
54 Citations
1 Author (Zhang Ning)
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Margaret Comerford Freda (Albert Einstein College of Medicine)H-Index: 20
#2Margaret H. Kearney (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 26
Last. Molly C. Dougherty (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 24
view all 5 authors...
Topic Nursing journals depend on the services of peer reviewers for their expertise in research and clinical practice. Although some research has been done with peer reviewers of biomedical journals, to date, our knowledge about reviewers of nursing journals is minimal. Methods In this international survey of 1,675 reviewers for 41 nursing journals, reviewers were asked 69 questions about their experiences reviewing for professional nursing journals. This article examines their answers to the su...
27 CitationsSource
#1Margaret H. Kearney (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 26
#2Judith Gedney Baggs (OHSU: Oregon Health & Science University)H-Index: 22
Last. Margaret Comerford Freda (Yeshiva University)H-Index: 20
view all 5 authors...
Purpose: To describe nursing journal reviewers' professional backgrounds, reviewing experience, time investment, and perceptions of their role. Design: Exploratory descriptive cross-sectional study. Methods: A 69-question survey containing both fixed-option and open-ended questions and accessed via the World Wide Web was completed by 1,675 nursing journal reviewers who had been invited to participate by editors of 52 nursing journals. Findings: Participants were from 44 countries, with 74% from ...
28 CitationsSource
#1Judith Gedney Baggs (OHSU: Oregon Health & Science University)H-Index: 22
#2Marion E. Broome (IUPUI: Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis)H-Index: 32
Last. Margaret H. Kearney (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 26
view all 5 authors...
44 CitationsSource
#1Erica R. Pryor (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 12
#2Barbara Habermann-Little (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 16
Last. Marion E. BroomeH-Index: 32
view all 3 authors...
Objective: To report results from a national survey of coordinators and managers of clinical research studies in the US on their perceptions of and experiences with scientific misconduct. Methods: Data were collected using the Scientific Misconduct Questionnaire-Revised. Eligible responses were received from 1645 of 5302 (31%) surveys sent to members of the Association of Clinical Research Professionals and to subscribers of Research Practitioner , published by the Center for Clinical Research P...
38 CitationsSource
#1Margaret H. Kearney (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 26
Nurse editors lead the nursing profession by shaping the literature on which practice is based. This qualitative descriptive study was designed to explore nurse editors’ perceptions of the most important aspects of their role and its best and worst qualities. An email survey was returned by 88 editors of 90 journals. Responses to 3 open-ended questions were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The most commonly cited important aspects of the editor role were to maintain scientific and ed...
11 CitationsSource
#1Raymond De Vries (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 27
#2Melissa S. Anderson (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 24
Last. Brian C. Martinson (HealthPartners)H-Index: 30
view all 3 authors...
Those concerned with protecting the integrity of science generally focus on the serious but rare infractions of falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism (FFP). While the violations of FFP are clear threats to the quality of scientific work and public trust in science, are they the behaviors that researchers themselves find most troubling? Noticing that scientists seldom are asked to report their perceptions of the behaviors that pose problems for the enterprise of science, we conducted six foc...
158 CitationsSource
#1Marion E. BroomeH-Index: 32
#2Erica R. Pryor (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 12
Last. Harold Kincaid (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 6
view all 5 authors...
Purpose: The overall purposes of this article are to report the development of a survey instrument, Scientific Misconduct Questionnaire-Revised (SMQ-R) that elicits the perceptions of research coordinators managing clinical trials about the various aspects of scientific misconduct and to present the psychometric analyses for the SMQ-R. Methods: A panel of five researchers and research coordinators reviewed the original SMQ (Rankin and Esteeves, 1997) and suggested an additional 42 items based on...
28 CitationsSource
Editorial peer reviewers play an important role in shaping the direction of knowledge growth of their discipline. Recent concern over reports of peer review misconduct has led some to advocate the establishment of a code of ethics for peer reviewers. Such a code should include guidelines for the discipline and for society at large, but it should also contain guidelines for the authors whose manuscripts are reviewed. Peer reviewers have a special obligation to show beneficence and fairness or imp...
4 CitationsSource
The documented low levels of reliability of the peer review process present a serious challenge to editors who must often base their publication decisions on conflicting referee recommendations. The purpose of this article is to discuss this process and examine ways to produce a more reliable and useful peer review system.
17 CitationsSource
Cited By13
Although it is critical that nurses possess ethical reasoning skills for research, there is limited information on effective strategies to develop these skills in graduate health care students. A research study analyzing educational interventions including the effect of online human subjects training followed by a mock institutional review board simulation demonstrated that knowledge acquisition is not enough to acquire the ethical reasoning skills needed to implement health care research. Situa...
#1Parveen Ali (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 13
#2Roger Watson (University of Hull)H-Index: 46
Aims To provide an overview of the peer review process, its various types, selection of peer reviewers, the purpose and significance of the peer review with regard to the assessment and management of quality of publications in academic journals. Design Discussion paper. Methods This paper draws on information gained from literature on the peer review process and the authors' knowledge and experience of contributing as peer reviewers and editors in the field of health care, including nursing. Res...
14 CitationsSource
Background and objective : Plagiarism is defined as intentionally and without agreement presenting someone else’s ideas or words, as one’s own work. Plagiarism by academics occurs due to the growing pressure to publish research, in addition to increasing burden to publish in high-impact top-tier journals. The present study aims to implement a plagiarism awareness workshop to Nursing Faculty members to introduce the plagiarism concept as one of research misconducts and to compare between knowledg...
1 CitationsSource
#1Lee S. FriedmanH-Index: 15
#2Michael Friedman (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 52
Objectives: To date, there is no comprehensive analysis of the relationship between financial conflict of interest (COI) and a potential publication bias in environmental and occupational health studies. Methods: We analyzed original research articles published in 2012 in 17 peer-reviewed journals. Multivariable ordinal logistic regression models were developed to evaluate the relationship between financial COI and the study outcome. Results: Of the 373 studies included in the analysis, 17.2% ha...
12 CitationsSource
#1Vanja Pupovac (University of Rijeka)H-Index: 4
#2Daniele Fanelli (UdeM: Université de Montréal)H-Index: 19
We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of anonymous surveys asking scientists whether they ever committed various forms of plagiarism. From May to December 2011 we searched 35 bibliographic databases, five grey literature databases and hand searched nine journals for potentially relevant studies. We included surveys that asked scientists if, in a given recall period, they had committed or knew of a colleague who committed plagiarism, and from each survey extracted the proportion of t...
35 CitationsSource
#1Hsiang-Ning Luk (PRC: China Medical University (PRC))H-Index: 1
#2John F. Ennever (Boston University Medical Campus)H-Index: 1
Last. Wei-Zen Sun (NTU: National Taiwan University)H-Index: 30
view all 5 authors...
For this guidance article, the Ethics Review Task Force (ERTF) of the Journal reviewed and discussed the ethics issues related to publication of human research in the field of anesthesia. ERTF first introduced international ethics principles and minimal requirements of reporting of ethics practices, followed by discussing the universal problems of publication ethics. ERTF then compared the accountability and methodology of several medical journals in assuring authors' ethics compliance. Using th...
1 CitationsSource
#1Alberto Un JanH-Index: 2
#2Vilma ContrerasH-Index: 2
This study presents problems related to the peer review of research ar ticles; some problems have been observed by the authors, and other problems have been studied in previous researches. The objective is to identify and classify the problems, and therefore suggest future researches that can be initiated in the field of peer review by authors that continue our research. The process of reviewing research articles has been investigated and modeled in previous published researches. Based on the ex...
#1Katharina Fierz (University of Basel)H-Index: 5
#2Susan Gennaro (BC: Boston College)H-Index: 21
Last. Sabina De Geest (University of Basel)H-Index: 57
view all 6 authors...
Purpose: Scientific misconduct (SMC) is an increasing concern in nursing science. This article discusses the prevalence of SMC, risk factors and correlates of scientific misconduct in nursing science, and highlights interventional approaches to foster good scientific conduct. Methods: Using the “Fostering Research Integrity in Europe” report of the European Science Foundation as a framework, we reviewed the literature in research integrity promotion. Findings: Although little empirical data exis...
17 CitationsSource
#1Marsha D. Fowler (APU: Azusa Pacific University)H-Index: 8
#2J. Davis Anne (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 17
The large body of literature labeled “ethics in nursing education” is entirely devoted to curricular matters of ethics education in nursing schools, that is, to what ought to be the ethics content that is taught and what theory or issues ought to be included in all nursing curricula. Where the nursing literature actually focuses on particular ethical issues, it addresses only single topics. Absent from the literature, however, is any systematic analysis and explication of ethical issues or dilem...
15 CitationsSource