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Ethical concerns of nursing reviewers: An international survey

Published on Nov 1, 2010in Nursing Ethics1.957
· DOI :10.1177/0969733010379177
Marion E. Broome32
Estimated H-index: 32
(IU: Indiana University Bloomington),
Molly C. Dougherty24
Estimated H-index: 24
(UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
+ 2 AuthorsJudith Gedney Baggs22
Estimated H-index: 22
(OHSU: Oregon Health & Science University)
Abstract
Editors of scientific literature rely heavily on peer reviewers to evaluate the integrity of research conduct and validity of findings in manuscript submissions. The purpose of this study was to describe the ethical concerns of reviewers of nursing journals. This descriptive cross-sectional study was an anonymous online survey. The findings reported here were part of a larger investigation of experiences of reviewers. Fifty-two editors of nursing journals (six outside the USA) agreed to invite their review panels to participate. A 69-item forced-choice and open-ended survey developed by the authors based on the literature was pilot tested with 18 reviewers before being entered into SurveyMonkeyTM. A total of 1675 reviewers responded with useable surveys. Six questions elicited responses about ethical issues, such as conflict of interest, protection of human research participants, plagiarism, duplicate publication, misrepresentation of data and ‘other’. The reviewers indicated whether they had experienced ...
  • References (9)
  • Citations (13)
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References9
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#1Margaret Comerford Freda (Albert Einstein College of Medicine)H-Index: 20
#2Margaret H. Kearney (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 26
Last. Molly C. Dougherty (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 24
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Topic Nursing journals depend on the services of peer reviewers for their expertise in research and clinical practice. Although some research has been done with peer reviewers of biomedical journals, to date, our knowledge about reviewers of nursing journals is minimal. Methods In this international survey of 1,675 reviewers for 41 nursing journals, reviewers were asked 69 questions about their experiences reviewing for professional nursing journals. This article examines their answers to the su...
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#1Margaret H. Kearney (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 26
#2Judith Gedney Baggs (OHSU: Oregon Health & Science University)H-Index: 22
Last. Margaret Comerford Freda (Yeshiva University)H-Index: 20
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Purpose: To describe nursing journal reviewers' professional backgrounds, reviewing experience, time investment, and perceptions of their role. Design: Exploratory descriptive cross-sectional study. Methods: A 69-question survey containing both fixed-option and open-ended questions and accessed via the World Wide Web was completed by 1,675 nursing journal reviewers who had been invited to participate by editors of 52 nursing journals. Findings: Participants were from 44 countries, with 74% from ...
28 CitationsSource
#1Judith Gedney Baggs (OHSU: Oregon Health & Science University)H-Index: 22
#2Marion E. Broome (IUPUI: Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis)H-Index: 32
Last. Margaret H. Kearney (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 26
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44 CitationsSource
#1Erica R. Pryor (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 12
#2Barbara Habermann-Little (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 16
Last. Marion E. BroomeH-Index: 32
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Objective: To report results from a national survey of coordinators and managers of clinical research studies in the US on their perceptions of and experiences with scientific misconduct. Methods: Data were collected using the Scientific Misconduct Questionnaire-Revised. Eligible responses were received from 1645 of 5302 (31%) surveys sent to members of the Association of Clinical Research Professionals and to subscribers of Research Practitioner , published by the Center for Clinical Research P...
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Nurse editors lead the nursing profession by shaping the literature on which practice is based. This qualitative descriptive study was designed to explore nurse editors’ perceptions of the most important aspects of their role and its best and worst qualities. An email survey was returned by 88 editors of 90 journals. Responses to 3 open-ended questions were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The most commonly cited important aspects of the editor role were to maintain scientific and ed...
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Those concerned with protecting the integrity of science generally focus on the serious but rare infractions of falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism (FFP). While the violations of FFP are clear threats to the quality of scientific work and public trust in science, are they the behaviors that researchers themselves find most troubling? Noticing that scientists seldom are asked to report their perceptions of the behaviors that pose problems for the enterprise of science, we conducted six foc...
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Purpose: The overall purposes of this article are to report the development of a survey instrument, Scientific Misconduct Questionnaire-Revised (SMQ-R) that elicits the perceptions of research coordinators managing clinical trials about the various aspects of scientific misconduct and to present the psychometric analyses for the SMQ-R. Methods: A panel of five researchers and research coordinators reviewed the original SMQ (Rankin and Esteeves, 1997) and suggested an additional 42 items based on...
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Editorial peer reviewers play an important role in shaping the direction of knowledge growth of their discipline. Recent concern over reports of peer review misconduct has led some to advocate the establishment of a code of ethics for peer reviewers. Such a code should include guidelines for the discipline and for society at large, but it should also contain guidelines for the authors whose manuscripts are reviewed. Peer reviewers have a special obligation to show beneficence and fairness or imp...
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The documented low levels of reliability of the peer review process present a serious challenge to editors who must often base their publication decisions on conflicting referee recommendations. The purpose of this article is to discuss this process and examine ways to produce a more reliable and useful peer review system.
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#1Parveen Ali (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 13
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Aims To provide an overview of the peer review process, its various types, selection of peer reviewers, the purpose and significance of the peer review with regard to the assessment and management of quality of publications in academic journals. Design Discussion paper. Methods This paper draws on information gained from literature on the peer review process and the authors' knowledge and experience of contributing as peer reviewers and editors in the field of health care, including nursing. Res...
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