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The Organization of African Unity and the Algerian-Moroccan Border Conflict: A Study of New Machinery for Peacekeeping and for the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes Among African States

Published on Dec 1, 1966in International Organization 4.51
· DOI :10.1017/S0020818300002733
Patricia Berko Wild1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Columbia University)
The Algerian-Moroccan border conflict provided the Organization of African Unity (OAU) with the first test of its machinery and procedures for peacekeeping and for the peaceful settlement of disputes. The following examination of that dispute and of its treatment by the Organization of African Unity is a case study of the operation of a newly founded regional organization. The Organization of African Unity was endowed with no supranational powers which might have enabled it to enforce its will on the disputants in the Algerian-Moroccan case. The Organization had to function on the basis of cooperation among its members. Yet the Organization of African Unity was more than the mere instrument of the foreign policies of its members in the Algerian-Moroccan case. When individual African statesmen were disqualified from acting as mediators by their respective preferences for one or the other of the disputants, the existence of an organization representing all of Africa greatly assisted in the mitigation of the conflict and contributed much to the peace of Africa.
  • References (6)
  • Citations (10)
Published on Jan 1, 1964
Boutros Boutros-Ghali1
Estimated H-index: 1
Published on Sep 1, 1963in Journal of Modern African Studies 0.92
Anthony S. Reyner1
Estimated H-index: 1
THE chain reaction set off in Paris by the Franco-Moroccan Declaration of 2 March 1956 still reverberates in the politics of north-west Africa. On that day, France ended 44 years of its protectorate over Morocco, restored to Mohamed V full sovereignty over I62,I20 square miles of land and some seven million people, and pledged 'to respect, and see to it that others respect, the integrity of Moroccan territory, as guaranteed by international treaties'.1 The next month, Moroccan territory grew by ...
Published on Jan 1, 1963
I. William Zartman1
Estimated H-index: 1
Published on Dec 1, 1962in Political Research Quarterly 1.58
Douglas E. Ashford2
Estimated H-index: 2
SHE MAURITANIAN QUESTION in Moroccan politics is an instructive example of the bewildering fusion of familiar and unfamiliar factors confronting the student of the developing nations of Africa and Asia. Handicapped by the lack of reliable information and estranged by cultural obstacles, the Western observer may feel some relief on finding what appears to be incontrovertible, if undesirable, evidence of European political behavior. Such a conclusion in the case of Moroccan irredentism, however, i...
Published on Jun 1, 1960in British Journal of Sociology 3.20
Nevill Barbour1
Estimated H-index: 1
Cited By10
Published on Jan 1, 2001in International Organization 4.51
Mark W. Zacher3
Estimated H-index: 3
Scholars and observers of the international system often comment on the decreasing importance of international boundaries as a result of the growth of international economic and social exchanges, economic liberalization, and international regimes. They generally fail to note, however, that coercive territorial revisionism has markedly declined over the past half century—a phenomenon that indicates that in certain ways states attach greater importance to boundaries in our present era. In this art...
Published on Jan 1, 1997
Mark W. Zacher1
Estimated H-index: 1
Scholars and publicists often comment on the decreasing importance of international boundaries as a result of the growth of international economic and social exchanges, economic liberalization, and international regimes. They, however, generally fail to note that there has been a marked decrease in coercive territorial revisionism over the past half century -a phenomenon that indicates that states attach significant, and perhaps greater, importance to these boundaries in our present era. This st...
Published on Feb 1, 1996in Journal of Latin American Studies 0.94
Piero Gleijeses10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Johns Hopkins University)
Published on Jan 1, 1990
S. James Anaya13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Keele University)
On becoming independent in 1956 Morocco laid claim to a part of the Sahara Desert which was then within French Algeria. In 1963, a year after Algeria had secured her independence, Morocco invaded the disputed territory. The Organization of African Unity (OAU) had just been created but Morocco was not keen on its involvement, as Algeria had a strong diplomatic position in Africa, and there were no precedents to nudge her towards using the new body. There was, however, a general view that the disp...
Published on Jun 1, 1974in International Organization 4.51
B. David Meyers2
Estimated H-index: 2
This article examines the intraregional conflict management activities of the Organization of African Unity (OAU). Three traditional regionalist claims are tested and suggestions concerning the future role of such organizations are provided. The findings indicate that in a number of cases the OAU was not an effective agent for conflict management; its limitations were clearest in internal disputes and those international conflicts involving allegations of subversion. Evidence from this study doe...
Published on Jan 1, 1974
Immanuel Wallerstein53
Estimated H-index: 53
Pan Africanism as an ideology and a social movement has been the subject of considerable study, especially in recent years. The history, both diplomatic and political, of the creation of successive inter-African organizations has also been described in many works. The politics of the movement for African Unity have been scrutinized.1 What has been somewhat neglected is the impact of the movement and of the organizations, particularly of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), on the politics of...
Published on Mar 1, 1971
Marion E. Doro1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Connecticut College)