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Cardiac and electro-cortical concomitants of social feedback processing in women

Published on Nov 1, 2015in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience3.662
· DOI :10.1093/scan/nsv039
Laura M. S. Dekkers4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UvA: University of Amsterdam),
Melle J.W. van der Molen7
Estimated H-index: 7
(LEI: Leiden University)
+ 2 AuthorsMolen van der M. W50
Estimated H-index: 50
(UvA: University of Amsterdam)
Abstract
This study provides a joint analysis of the cardiac and electro-cortical—early and late P3 and feedback-related negativity (FRN)—responses to social acceptance and rejection feedback. Twenty-five female participants performed on a social- and age-judgment control task, in which they received feedback with respect to their liking and age judgments, respectively. Consistent with previous reports, results revealed transient cardiac slowing to be selectively prolonged to unexpected social rejection feedback. Late P3 amplitude was more pronounced to unexpected relative to expected feedback. Both early and late P3 amplitudes were shown to be context dependent, in that they were more pronounced to social as compared with non-social feedback. FRN amplitudes were more pronounced to unexpected relative to expected feedback, irrespective of context and feedback valence. This pattern of findings indicates that social acceptance and rejection feedback have widespread effects on bodily state and brain function, which are modulated by prior expectancies.
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