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TILLAGE AND PLANTING METHODS EFFECTS ON YIELD, WATER USE EFFICIENCY AND PROFITABILITY OF SOYBEAN–WHEAT SYSTEM ON A LOAMY SAND SOIL

Published on Oct 1, 2013in Experimental Agriculture2.09
· DOI :10.1017/S0014479713000264
Hari Ram9
Estimated H-index: 9
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University),
Yadvinder-Singh27
Estimated H-index: 27
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University)
+ 2 AuthorsJ. Timsina26
Estimated H-index: 26
(IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)
Cite
Abstract
SUMMARY Continuous rice–wheat (RW) cropping with intensive tillage has resulted in land degradation and inefficient use of water in Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) of South Asia. Replacement of rice with less water requiring crops such as soybean in RW system and identification of effective strategies for tillage management could result in sustainable cropping system in IGP. A field experiment was conducted for five years on an annual soybean–wheat (SW) rotation in the northwest IGP of India to evaluate effect of tillage, raised bed planting and straw mulch on yield, soil properties, water use efficiency (WUE) and profitability. In soybean, straw mulch reduced soil temperature at seeding depth by about 2.5 ◦ C compared with no mulch. Straw mulch also resulted in slightly reduced water use and slightly higher WUE relative to their respective unmulched treatments. During wheat emergence, raised beds resulted in higher soil temperature by 1.6 ◦ C compared with flat treatments. Bulk density and cumulative infiltration were greater in no-tillage compared with conventional tillage. Soil organic carbon in surface layer increased significantly after five years of experimentation. Soybean and wheat yields were similar under different treatments during all the years of experimentation. Soybean and wheat planted on raised beds recorded about 17% and 23% higher WUE, respectively, than in flat layout. The net returns from SW system were greater in no-tillage and permanent raised beds than with conventional tillage. Both no-tillage and permanent raised bed technologies can be adopted for sustainable crop production in SW rotation in northwest IGP. However, more studies are required representing different soil types and climate conditions for making recommendations for other regions of IGP.
  • References (29)
  • Citations (13)
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References29
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2012in Experimental Agriculture2.09
Hari Ram9
Estimated H-index: 9
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University),
Yadvinder-Singh27
Estimated H-index: 27
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University)
+ 3 AuthorsE. Humphreys16
Estimated H-index: 16
(IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)
SUMMARY No-tillage and raised beds are widely used for different crops in developed countries. A field experiment was conducted on an irrigated maize-wheat system to study the effect of field layout, tillage and straw mulch on crop performance, water use efficiency and economics for five years (2003–2008) in northwest India. Straw mulch reduced the maximum soil temperature at seed depth by about 3 ◦ Cc ompared to the no mulch. During the wheat emergence, raised beds recorded 1.3 ◦ C higher soil ...
Published on Jul 1, 2011in Journal of Crop Improvement
Reshmi Sarkar4
Estimated H-index: 4
(IIT-KGP: Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur),
Sandipta Kar3
Estimated H-index: 3
(IIT-KGP: Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur)
Application of an optimum rate of nitrogen is very crucial to maintain the sustainability of a rice-wheat cropping system (RWS). A three-year field experiment was conducted on acid sandy loam soil to select the best N-management practice, along with tillage and crop residue (CR) incorporation for RWS. Changes in soil properties were assessed to determine the effect of tillage and crop residue application on soil fertility, loss and uptake of N, and yield of rice and wheat (RW) crops. Application...
Published on Jan 1, 2010in Advances in Agronomy3.60
E. Humphreys16
Estimated H-index: 16
(IRRI: International Rice Research Institute),
S. S. Kukal21
Estimated H-index: 21
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University)
+ 4 AuthorsRamesh Kumar Sharma17
Estimated H-index: 17
Abstract Increasing the productivity of the rice–wheat (RW) system in north-west India is critical for the food security of India. However, yields are stagnating or declining, and the rate of groundwater use is not sustainable. Many improved technologies are under development for RW systems, with multiple objectives including increased production, improved soil fertility, greater input use efficiency, reduced environmental pollution, and higher profitability for farmers. There are large reductio...
Published on Sep 1, 2009in Soil & Tillage Research4.67
M.L. Jat23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
M.K. Gathala17
Estimated H-index: 17
(IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)
+ 6 AuthorsRaj K. Gupta28
Estimated H-index: 28
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)
Abstract In recent years conventional production technologies in the rice–wheat (RW) system have been leading to deterioration of soil health and declining farm profitability due to high inputs of water and labour. Conservation agriculture (CA)-based resource-conserving technologies (RCTs) vis-a-vis zero-till (ZT), raised-bed planting and direct-seeded rice (DSR) have shown promise as alternatives to conventional production technologies to overcome these problems. The integration of CA-based RCT...
Published on Aug 1, 2009in Nature43.07
Matthew Rodell52
Estimated H-index: 52
(California Institute of Technology),
Isabella Velicogna31
Estimated H-index: 31
(University of California, Berkeley),
James S. Famiglietti62
Estimated H-index: 62
(University of California, Berkeley)
Groundwater is a primary source of fresh water in many parts of the world. Some regions are becoming overly dependent on it, consuming groundwater faster than it is naturally replenished and causing water tables to decline unremittingly 1 . Indirect evidencesuggeststhatthisisthecaseinnorthwestIndia 2 ,butthere has been no regional assessment of the rate of groundwater depletion. Here we use terrestrial water storage-change observations from the NASA Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment satell...
Published on Jun 1, 2009in Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems2.85
Yadvinder-Singh27
Estimated H-index: 27
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University),
R. K. Gupta11
Estimated H-index: 11
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University)
+ 3 AuthorsBijay-Singh29
Estimated H-index: 29
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University)
Development of a sustainable and environment friendly crop production system depends on identifying effective strategies for the management of tillage and postharvest crop residues. Three-year (2004–2007) field study was initiated on two soil types to evaluate the effect of straw management (burning, incorporation and surface mulch) and tillage (conventional tillage and zero tillage) before sowing wheat and four nitrogen rates (0, 90, 120 and 150 kg N ha−1) on crop yields, N use efficiency, and ...
Published on Mar 11, 2009in Journal of Crop Improvement
G. S. Hira1
Estimated H-index: 1
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University)
India has had a history of famines because of rainfed agriculture and rapid population growth. After the era of Green Revolution that began in the 1960s, India never experienced a famine-like situation; it did, however, experience a drought of the century in 1987. Northern states (Punjab, Haryana and western UP) with a high level of irrigation are contributing almost all of wheat and two-thirds of rice to the central pool of India. Punjab has the largest area (97%) under irrigation, with a corre...
Published on Mar 1, 2009in Field Crops Research3.87
Stephan M. Haefele25
Estimated H-index: 25
(IRRI: International Rice Research Institute),
Joel D. L. C. Siopongco14
Estimated H-index: 14
(IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)
+ 2 AuthorsT.P. Tuong14
Estimated H-index: 14
(IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)
Abstract Transpiration efficiency (TE), defined as the total dry matter produced per unit of water transpired, is an important crop characteristic, especially when water resources are becoming scarcer in many regions. But, in contrast to other major food crops, very little is known about the TE of rice ( Oryza sativa L.) and its dynamics in relation to climatic conditions in typical rice environments. To close this knowledge gap, we characterized rice TE in several experiments with varying exper...
Published on Jan 1, 2009
Yadvinder-Singh1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Olaf Erenstein1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
B. Hardy1
Estimated H-index: 1
Cited By13
Newest
Hasan Boboev , Utkur Djanibekov10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Landcare Research)
+ 2 AuthorsKristina Toderich (Tottori University)
ABSTRACTHuman-driven land degradation threatens economic and environmental sustainability of irrigated agricultural production such as in Central Asia. Many current challenges can be eased by implementing Conservation Agriculture (CA), with however unknown financial consequences under the predominating irrigated conditions. We applied the linear programming to compare costs and benefits of four CA production systems, which are cotton-based rotation systems including (i) cotton-cotton and (ii) co...
Published on Dec 1, 2018
Harpreet Kaur Virk (PAU: Punjab Agricultural University), Guriqbal Singh10
Estimated H-index: 10
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University),
Poonam Sharma7
Estimated H-index: 7
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University)
A field experiment was conducted during rainy season 2014 and 2015 at Research Farm of the Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India to study the effect of conservation agriculture practices (Happy Seeder sowing, Straw Chopper + Zero Tillage and Conventional tillage) and biofertilizers [Bradyrhizobium and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR)] on growth, symbiotic parameters and productivity of soybean. The results showed that Happy Seeder sowing and Straw Chopper + Zero Till...
Published on Sep 1, 2018in Geoderma4.34
Humberto Blanco-Canqui31
Estimated H-index: 31
(NU: University of Nebraska–Lincoln),
Sabrina J. Ruis3
Estimated H-index: 3
(NU: University of Nebraska–Lincoln)
Abstract Implications of no-till (NT) management on soil C dynamics, soil fertility, and crop yields have been discussed, but an up-to-date synthesis of NT impact on soil physical properties based on a comprehensive compilation of global published studies is not available. Yet, an understanding of changes in soil physical properties after NT adoption is important to manage soils, agricultural production, and environmental quality. We compared data on soil physical properties among NT, reduced ti...
Published on Jan 1, 2018
Hari Ram9
Estimated H-index: 9
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University),
Balwinder Kumar3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 1 AuthorsJashanjot Kaur (PAU: Punjab Agricultural University)
Declining soil, water and human resources in rice-wheat and other irrigated cropping systems need the resource-conserving technologies (RCTs) for agricultural sustainability. After the era of green revolution, the use of soil and water resources is overexploited. The income from irrigated agroecosystem especially from rice-wheat system is declining in many areas as cultivation costs are rising faster than crop prices. The various RCTs can save soil, water and other natural resources. Zero tillag...
Published on Oct 1, 2016in Experimental Agriculture2.09
A. R. Sharma (IARI: Indian Agricultural Research Institute), U. K. Behera1
Estimated H-index: 1
(IARI: Indian Agricultural Research Institute)
Published on Apr 6, 2016in Legume Research0.34
Hari Ram9
Estimated H-index: 9
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University),
Guriqbal Singh10
Estimated H-index: 10
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University),
Navneet Aggarwal4
Estimated H-index: 4
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University)
The field experiment was conducted during summer season of 2008 on loamy sand soil. The experiment was comprised of eighteen treatment combinations with three irrigation treatments (two, three and four irrigations), two weed control methods (pendimethalin 0.75 kg/ha as pre-emergence and unweeded) and three mulching treatments (no mulching, mulching at sowing and straw mulching at 25 days after sowing). Three irrigations recorded significantly higher grain yield (1430 kg/ha) than two irrigations ...
Published on Jan 1, 2016
B. P. Meena4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Indian Institute of Soil Science),
A. O. Shirale2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Indian Institute of Soil Science)
+ 4 AuthorsA. K. Patra16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Indian Institute of Soil Science)
Conservation agriculture (CA) refers to a set of agricultural practices encompassing minimum mechanical soil disturbance, diversified crop rotation and permanent soil cover with crop residues to mitigate soil erosion and improve soil fertility besides soil functions. The CA aims to conserve, improve and make more efficient use of resources through CA-based technologies. It has many tangible and intangible benefits in terms of reduced cost of production, saving of time, increased yield through ti...
Published on Dec 1, 2015in Field Crops Research3.87
H.S. Sidhu6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Manpreet Singh9
Estimated H-index: 9
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University)
+ 6 AuthorsSarbjeet Singh12
Estimated H-index: 12
Abstract In the extensive rice–wheat system of north-west (NW) India, harvesting is by large combines and the rice residues are normally burnt after harvest, followed by irrigation and intensive tillage prior to sowing wheat. While in-field retention of crop residues can play an important role in replenishing soil quality and reducing environmental pollution from stubble burning, until recently, there has been no suitable technology for seeding wheat in rice residues. To address this need, a ser...
Published on Sep 2, 2015in Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science1.68
D. Blaise5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Central Institute for Cotton Research),
R. H. Wanjari8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Indian Institute of Soil Science)
+ 1 AuthorsK. M. Hati19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Indian Institute of Soil Science)
A change in tillage system from conventional to conservation tillage may influence weed population, diversity and weed seed distribution in the soil profile. Therefore, a field study was conducted during 2009 through 2011 to investigate the effects of tillage system. The number of grassy weeds was least in the no-tillage (NT), reduced till (RT) and mould board plough (MB) treatments compared to the conventional till (CT) treatment. More dicot weeds were recorded in the RT and NT plots than the C...
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