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Ezetimibe prevents hepatic steatosis induced by a high-fat but not a high-fructose diet

Published on Jul 15, 2013in American Journal of Physiology-endocrinology and Metabolism4.125
· DOI :10.1152/ajpendo.00442.2012
Masateru Ushio1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Shiga University of Medical Science),
Yoshihiko Nishio37
Estimated H-index: 37
(Kadai: Kagoshima University)
+ 8 AuthorsHiroshi Maegawa48
Estimated H-index: 48
(Shiga University of Medical Science)
Abstract
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is the most frequent liver disease. Ezetimibe, an inhibitor of intestinal cholesterol absorption, has been reported to ameliorate hepatic steatosis in human and animal models. To explore how ezetimibe reduces hepatic steatosis, we investigated the effects of ezetimibe on the expression of lipogenic enzymes and intestinal lipid metabolism in mice fed a high-fat or a high-fructose diet. CBA/JN mice were fed a high-fat diet or a high-fructose diet for 8 wk with or without ezetimibe. High-fat diet induced hepatic steatosis accompanied by hyperinsulinemia. Treatment with ezetimibe reduced hepatic steatosis, insulin levels, and glucose production from pyruvate in mice fed the high-fat diet, suggesting a reduction of insulin resistance in the liver. In the intestinal analysis, ezetimibe reduced the expression of fatty acid transfer protein-4 and apoB-48 in mice fed the high-fat diet. However, treatment with ezetimibe did not prevent hepatic steatosis, hyperinsulinemia, and intestinal apoB-48 expression in mice fed the high-fructose diet. Ezetimibe decreased liver X receptor-α binding to the sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c promoter but not expression of carbohydrate response element-binding protein and fatty acid synthase in mice fed the high-fructose diet, suggesting that ezetimibe did not reduce hepatic lipogenesis induced by the high-fructose diet. Elevation of hepatic and intestinal lipogenesis in mice fed a high-fructose diet may partly explain the differences in the effect of ezetimibe.
  • References (46)
  • Citations (24)
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References46
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#1Christopher D. Byrne (University of Southampton)H-Index: 54
Diabet. Med. 29, 1098–1107 (2012) Abstract Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is now recognized as the hepatic component of the metabolic syndrome. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a spectrum of fat-associated liver conditions that can result in end-stage liver disease and the need for liver transplantation. Simple steatosis, or fatty liver, occurs early in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and may progress to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, fibrosis and cirrhosis with increased risk of hepato...
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The present study attempted to define the role of hepatic Niemann-Pick C1-like 1 (NPC1L1), a cholesterol transporter, in hepatic insulin resistance as well as hepatic steatosis. The inhibition of NPC1L1 and its molecular consequences were examined in Zucker obese fatty (ZOF) rats and cultured steatotic hepatocytes using ezetimibe, a pharmacoloigcal inhibitor of NPC1L1, and short hairpin RNA (shRNA) of NPC1L1. Ezetimibe improved hepatic insulin signaling as well as hepatic steatosis in ZOF rats. ...
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