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Using and validating the strategic alignment model

Published on Sep 1, 2004in Journal of Strategic Information Systems4.00
· DOI :10.1016/j.jsis.2004.08.002
David E. Avison31
Estimated H-index: 31
(ESSEC Business School),
Jill Jones1
Estimated H-index: 1
(State Street Corporation)
+ 1 AuthorsDuncan Wilson55
Estimated H-index: 55
(UTS: University of Technology, Sydney)
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Abstract
The literature suggests that firms cannot be competitive if their business and information technology strategies are not aligned. Yet achieving strategic alignment continues to be a major concern for business executives. A number of alignment models have been offered in the literature, primary among them the strategic alignment model (SAM). However, there is little published research that attempts to validate SAM or describe its use in practice. This paper reports on the use of SAM in a financial services firm. Data from completed projects are applied to the model to determine whether SAM is useful as a management tool to create, assess and sustain strategic alignment between information technology and the business. The paper demonstrates that SAM has conceptual and practical value. The paper also proposes a practical framework that allows management, particularly technology management, to determine current alignment levels and to monitor and change future alignment as required. Through the use of this framework, alignment is more likely to be achieved in practice.
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  • References (42)
  • Citations (429)
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References42
Newest
Published on Jan 5, 2009in Production and Operations Management2.17
Louis A. Lefebvre25
Estimated H-index: 25
(École Polytechnique de Montréal),
Ann Langley38
Estimated H-index: 38
(UQAM: Université du Québec à Montréal)
+ 1 AuthorsÉlisabeth Lefebvre24
Estimated H-index: 24
(École Polytechnique de Montréal)
Small manufacturing firms make a significant contribution to the economy. Yet, partly because of the greater availability of data on larger firms, strategic management and manufacturing strategy research have tended to neglect small business. Using a survey of small manufacturers, we examine the applicability of Porter's typology of generic strategies to this context and investigate the links between generic strategies and one important dimension of manufacturing strategy-technology management. ...
Published on Jan 5, 2009in Production and Operations Management2.17
Kalyan Singhal13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UB: University of Baltimore)
The challenges and opportunities in production and operations management (POM) are almost unlimited because in the world economy, manufacturing andservice operations account for more than 10 trillion dollars per year and in any single industry, the performance varies widely from country to country and from organization to organization. The goal of Production and Operations Management is to contribute to improving the management of manufacturing and service operations all over the world. The edit...
Published on Jan 1, 2000in Information Retrieval2.54
Sheila Corrall16
Estimated H-index: 16
Provides an in-depth analysis of strategic management concepts and techniques and how they can be applied to the planning and delivery of library and information services. Offers comprehensive guidance on the whole strategy process, from appraisal and assessment, through the formulation of mission, vision, values, and objectives, to managing implementation and improvement. The text is supported by 38 figures and many examples drawn from the real world of library and information service practice ...
Published on Feb 1, 2003in European Management Journal2.98
Peter T. Bürgi2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Johan Roos30
Estimated H-index: 30
Images underlying strategy tend to be simplistic, unimodal, visual abstractions. We suggest that multimodal imagery of strategy, which brings together verbal/narrative, visual/imagistic, and kinaesthetic/haptic nodes, can significantly enrich people's understanding of their organization and its strategy.
Published on Jan 1, 2003
Paul P. Tallon18
Estimated H-index: 18
(BC: Boston College),
Kenneth L. Kraemer60
Estimated H-index: 60
(UCI: University of California, Irvine)
Although business executives remain skeptical about the extent of payoffs from investment in information technology (IT), strategic alignment or the alignment of information systems strategy with business strategy continues to be ranked as one of the most important issues facing corporations. In this paper, we report on the results of a process-level study to investigate the relationship between strategic alignment and IT payoffs. An analysis of survey data from 63 firms finds a positive and sig...
Published on Oct 7, 2002
Tony Kontzer1
Estimated H-index: 1
Published on Jun 1, 2002in Journal of Strategic Information Systems4.00
Paul B. Cragg16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Cant.: University of Canterbury),
Malcolm King21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Lboro: Loughborough University),
Husnayati Hussin10
Estimated H-index: 10
(IIUI: International Islamic University, Islamabad)
The concept of IT alignment has been discussed in the literature, but almost always in the context of large firms. Similarly, attempts to measure alignment and relate it to performance have been made, but primarily based on work in larger firms. This study focused on measuring the alignment of business strategy and IT strategy (ITS) among small UK manufacturing firms and then investigated the link between alignment and performance. The method built on prior studies, developing approaches to alig...
Published on Jun 1, 2002in European Journal of Information Systems2.60
Husnayati Hussin10
Estimated H-index: 10
(IIUI: International Islamic University, Islamabad),
Malcolm King21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Lboro: Loughborough University),
Paul B. Cragg16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Cant.: University of Canterbury)
This study focused on the alignment of business strategy and IT strategy among 256 small UK manufacturing firms. An instrument was developed and used to measure IT alignment in small firms. Evidence was gained of high IT alignment in some firms. The study also indicated that IT alignment was related to the firm's level of IT maturity and the level of the CEO's software knowledge, but did not seem to be linked to the CEO's involvement or the firm's sources of external IT expertise.
Published on Dec 1, 2001in Management Decision1.96
Tomasz Smaczny1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Swinburne University of Technology)
For many years practitioners and academics have tried to answer the question of how to strategically align the objectives of information technology (IT) and business and their delivery. A strategic alignment model (SAM) has been developed and improved over the years. This model was originally developed in the 1980s when the business environment was more stable. However, owing to major market changes SAM no longer provides companies with the much‐needed answers. The alignment concept is about a s...
Published on Oct 1, 2001in California Management Review5.00
Rudy Hirschheim55
Estimated H-index: 55
,
Rajiv Sabherwal35
Estimated H-index: 35
In studying strategic information systems (IS) alignment, it is important to examine the associated processes over time rather than viewing alignment as an isolated event. This article focuses on how organizations undergo a series of interdependent changes in business strategy and IS strategy in order to increase the alignment between them. Based primarily on detailed case studies of changes over long time-periods in three organizations, the research suggests that this process of adaptation and ...
Cited By429
Newest
Published on 2019in Journal of Cleaner Production6.39
Jaya Ahuja (BML Munjal University), Tapan Kumar Panda (Global University (GU))+ 3 AuthorsJose Arturo Garza-Reyes17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Derby)
Abstract Sustainable human factors and change management systems have been gaining significant attention at global level for implementation of sustainable practices within organisations. With the rise in environmental degradation, the automotive sector has made efforts to adopt Sustainable Manufacturing (SM) practices to decrease the adverse effects on the environment instigated by emissions. Human Critical Success Factors (HCSFs) may play an important role in adoption of SM but in literature, n...
Published on Oct 30, 2017in Information Systems Frontiers2.54
Feng Xu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Xi'an Jiaotong University),
Xin Luo1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UNM: University of New Mexico)
+ 2 AuthorsWei Huang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Xi'an Jiaotong University)
Firms have increasingly invested in information technology (IT) security to protect their information resources. Nevertheless, deciding when to invest in IT security is rather difficult for executives because of the irreversibility of spending and uncertainty of IT security investments performance. A review of the literature on IT security investments reveals that previous studies largely neglected the strategy and timing of investments. Basing on real options theory, this research examines IT s...
Published on Feb 1, 2019in Journal of Strategic Information Systems4.00
Federico Iannacci7
Estimated H-index: 7
(CCCU: Canterbury Christ Church University),
Aline Seepma (UG: University of Groningen)+ 1 AuthorsAndrea Resca7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali Guido Carli)
Abstract Drawing on the notion of alignment, this paper endeavors to reappraise e-Government maturity models in the English system of criminal justice. It argues that e-Government maturity models are characterized by relatively-stable trajectories which are punctuated by radical shifts toward full-blown e-Government transformation. Far from being a prescriptive and linear process, e-Government maturity is an unpredictable process where turning points (or radical shifts) play a crucial role in th...
Published on Jul 17, 2018in Business Process Management Journal
Tingting Huang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Tohoku University),
Akinori Yokota (College of Business Administration)
The purpose of this paper is to present a new approach for assessing the status of alignment between organizations and enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems—more friendly and quantitatively.,An issue-based ERP assessment model is invented based on thorough literature review and empirical data from three Japanese companies. A modified Cartesian coordinate system is adopted to link the alignment criteria and the system maintenance activities.,The findings prove the feasibility of the model an...
Published on Mar 1, 2019in Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering1.52
Mengmeng Zhang (National University of Defense Technology), Honghui Chen (National University of Defense Technology), Junxian Liu (National University of Defense Technology)
The issue of business and IT alignment (BITA) persists a top concern of researchers and practitioners alike. BITA has not been achieved yet due to dynamic changes in environments and organizations. This paper argues that the misalignment analysis of business and IT, which involves continuously misalignment detection, correction, and prevention, is effective to deal with the dynamics in BITA. The extant research largely pertains to misalignment detection stage. We take one step further and mainly...
Published on Mar 1, 2019in Journal of Systems and Software2.56
Yves Wautelet7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
Abstract Model-driven engineering is used for managing software systems development. In most cases, requirements representations are transformed into design diagrams themselves transformed into code, ensuring traceability. Such an approach can nevertheless take roots on a more abstract level and be used for IT governance. Goal-oriented requirements engineering can be adapted to model strategic objectives aimed to lead the organization to an enhanced competitive position in the long-term. Most IT...
Published on Feb 1, 2019
Michiko Miyamoto (Akita Prefectural University)
The purpose of this paper is empirically investigates whether IT strategies, business strategies and divisions are aligned to meet overall business goals for Japanese corporations, including both large and small and medium enterprises (SMEs), based on Structured based Strategic Alignment Model [1], and make comparison with those of Japanese SMEs studied in 2014. Using 101 valid responses of corporations throughout Japan, this study found Business strategy is positive, strongly, and significantly...
Published on Jan 1, 2019
Nabyla Daidj6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Telecom Business School)
Published on Jan 1, 2019
Mengmeng Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Honghui Chen1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Kalle Lyytinen65
Estimated H-index: 65