Match!

Finding the Best Waist Circumference Measurement Protocol in Patients With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Published on Aug 1, 2015in Nutrition in Clinical Practice2.59
· DOI :10.1177/0884533615583092
Nuno M. Pimenta6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Lisbon),
Helena Santa-Clara10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Lisbon)
+ 3 AuthorsLuís B. Sardinha53
Estimated H-index: 53
(University of Lisbon)
Cite
Abstract
Background: Central fat accumulation is important in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) etiology. It is unknown whether any commonly used waist circumference measurement protocol (WCmp), as a whole and central fat accumulation marker, is preferable for patients with NAFLD. The present study sought to find a preferable WCmp to be used in patients with NAFLD, based on 3-fold criteria. Methods: Body fat (BF) was assessed through dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in 28 patients with NAFLD (19 men, 51 ± 13 years; 9 women, 47 ± 13 years). WC was measured with 4 types of WCmp: WC1, narrowest torso; WC2, just above iliac crest; WC3, middistance between iliac crest and last rib; WC4, at the umbilicus. Results: All WC measurements were highly correlated with central BF depots, including trunk BF (r = 0.78, r = 0.82, r = 0.82, r = 0.84 for WC1, WC2, WC3, and WC4, respectively), abdominal BF (r = 0.78, r = 0.78, r = 0.80, r = 0.72 for WC1, WC2, WC3, and WC4, respectively), and central abdominal BF (r = 0.76, r =...
  • References (40)
  • Citations (3)
Cite
References40
Newest
Published on Oct 1, 2013in International Journal of Cardiology3.47
Jingyao Fan3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Peking Union Medical College),
Yiqing Song3
Estimated H-index: 3
(PKU: Peking University)
+ 2 AuthorsWeili Zhang17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Peking Union Medical College)
Abstract Background Cardiovascular risk is inconsistent in the normal-weight, overweight, and obese individuals due to metabolic abnormality. We aimed to investigate combined effects of obesity and metabolic abnormality on the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Methods The MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and references of relevant original articles prior to May 2013 were searched for prospective studies investigating cardiovascular risk and death associated with combined effects of...
Published on Jun 15, 2012in Obesity3.97
Nuno M. Pimenta6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Technical University of Lisbon),
Helena Santa-Clara10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Technical University of Lisbon)
+ 1 AuthorsBo Fernhall51
Estimated H-index: 51
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
Objective: To analyze the body fat (BF) content and distribution modifications in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients in response to a 1-year combined aerobic and resistance exercise training (CET) program. Design and Methods: We followed two groups of CAD male patients for 12 months. One group consisted of 17 subjects (57 ± 12 years) who engaged in a CET program (CET group) and the other was a age-matched control group of 10 subjects (58 ± 11 years). BF content and distribution were measured...
Published on Dec 1, 2011in Journal of Applied Physiology3.14
R. Scott Rector26
Estimated H-index: 26
,
John P. Thyfault38
Estimated H-index: 38
While physical activity represents a key element in the prevention and management of many chronic diseases, we and others believe that physical inactivity is a primary cause of obesity and associated metabolic disorders. Unfortunately, accumulating evidence suggests that we have engineered physical activity out of our normal daily living activity. One such consequence of our sedentary and excessive lifestyle is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is now considered the most common cau...
Published on Jun 1, 2011in Journal of Hepatology18.95
Mariana Verdelho Machado20
Estimated H-index: 20
(IMM: Instituto de Medicina Molecular),
Helena Cortez-Pinto31
Estimated H-index: 31
(IMM: Instituto de Medicina Molecular)
It has been recognized that some lean individuals unexpectedly present with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) [1] and in contrast, morbidly obese individuals present NASH in only about 14–37% of cases [2]. Although this situation is seemingly paradoxical, the discrepancy has been mostly attributed to the pattern of obesity being predominantly visceral/truncal, or peripheral/subcutaneous. Obesity, and particularly visceral fat (VF), is considered a key player in the development of the metaboli...
Published on May 1, 2010in Journal of Nutrition4.42
Anja Bosy-Westphal40
Estimated H-index: 40
(CAU: University of Kiel),
Christiane-Alena Booke1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAU: University of Kiel)
+ 7 AuthorsMichael Müller94
Estimated H-index: 94
(CAU: University of Kiel)
Following experts’ consensus, waist circumference (WC) is the best anthropometric obesity index. However, different anatomic sites are used, and currently there is no universally accepted protocol for measurement of WC. In this study, we compare the associations between WC measured at different sites with total visceral adipose tissue (VAT) volume and cardiometabolic risk. Cross-sectional data were obtained from 294 adults and 234 children and adolescents. In addition, longitudinal data were pro...
Published on Jan 1, 2010in European Journal of Clinical Nutrition3.11
C Nishida1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
G T Ko1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
S Kumanyika1
Estimated H-index: 1
Body fat distribution and noncommunicable diseases in populations: overview of the 2008 WHO Expert Consultation on Waist Circumference and Waist–Hip Ratio
Published on Sep 1, 2009in Obesity3.97
Caitlin Mason7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Queen's University),
Peter T. Katzmarzyk81
Estimated H-index: 81
(Pennington Biomedical Research Center)
The measurement of waist circumference (WC) is widely advocated as a simple anthropometric marker of health risk; yet there remains no uniformly accepted protocol. This study determined whether the magnitude of WC differs across four measurement sites, and quantified the influence of site on the apparent prevalence of abdominal obesity. The predominantly white sample consisted of 223 men and 319 women (20–67 years). WC was measured using a nonstretching tape at the superior border of the iliac c...
Published on Jun 1, 2009in American Journal of Cardiology2.84
Caitlin Mason7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Queen's University),
Peter T. Katzmarzyk81
Estimated H-index: 81
(Pennington Biomedical Research Center)
Waist circumference (WC) is widely advocated as a marker of health risk and is a key diagnostic criterion for metabolic syndrome (MS); yet, there remains no uniformly accepted measurement protocol. The purpose of this study was to determine whether WC is differentially associated with cardiometabolic risk factors according to its anatomic measurement site and to quantify the impact of measurement site on prevalence of MS. The sample included 520 community-dwelling adults (208 men, 312 women). WC...
Published on May 1, 2009in Obesity3.97
Sunil K. Agarwal28
Estimated H-index: 28
(AIIMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences),
Anoop Misra51
Estimated H-index: 51
(AIIMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences)
+ 6 AuthorsRavindra Mohan Pandey48
Estimated H-index: 48
(AIIMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences)
Waist circumference (WC) has been advocated as a simple, reliable, and cost-effective measure to understand an individual's cardio-metabolic risk. Although several protocols exist for measuring WC, the variation induced by a few factors has not been investigated. We compared several established and experimental WC measurement protocols to identify factors that may cause variations in WC measurement. In this cross-sectional study, we examined the variations in the measurement of waist circumferen...
Published on Jul 1, 2008in Obesity Reviews8.19
Robert Ross47
Estimated H-index: 47
(Queen's University),
Tina Landsvig Berentzen16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Copenhagen University Hospital)
+ 8 AuthorsThorkild I. A. Sørensen77
Estimated H-index: 77
(Copenhagen University Hospital)
There is currently no consensus regarding the optimal protocol for measurement of waist circumference (WC), and no scientific rationale is provided for any of the WC protocols recommended by leading health authorities. A panel of experts conducted a systematic review of 120 studies (236 samples) to determine whether measurement protocol influenced the relationship of WC with morbidity of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes and with mortality from all causes and from CVD. Statistically sign...
Cited By3
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2019
Nuno M. Pimenta1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Mireille N. M. van Poppel37
Estimated H-index: 37
(University of Graz)
The study of body composition is a fascinating branch of the biological sciences where research and clinical practice go hand in hand. A strong theoretical background is needed to support the assessment and interpretation of body composition measurements, in order to have an impact and usefulness in the clinical setting. Body composition is a key component of health-related fitness with physical, morphological, and particularly important health-related implications during pregnancy. Pregnancy po...
Published on Dec 1, 2017in Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery3.92
Amgad El Mekabaty3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Johns Hopkins University),
Nancy A. Obuchowski54
Estimated H-index: 54
(Cleveland Clinic)
+ 5 AuthorsFerdinand Hui23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Johns Hopkins University)
Background Venous sinus stenting for dural sinus stenoses is an emerging alternative to cerebrospinal fluid diversion in cases of medically refractory idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Juxta-stent ‘re-stenoses’ have been reported and managed alternatively with ventricular shunting or stent revision. Identification of factors that might predispose patients to recurrent narrowing may help to select or exclude patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension for venous sinus stenting. Methods...
Published on Apr 1, 2017in Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics3.09
Nuno M. Pimenta6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Technical University of Lisbon),
Helena Cortez-Pinto31
Estimated H-index: 31
+ 3 AuthorsHelena Santa-Clara10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Technical University of Lisbon)
Background Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) has been reported as a preferable risk related body fat (BF) marker, although no standardised waist circumference measurement protocol (WCmp) has been proposed. The present study aimed to investigate whether the use of a different WCmp affects the strength of relationship between WHtR and both whole and central BF in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients. Methods BF was assessed with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in 28 NAFLD patients ...
View next paperMeasurement of Waist Circumference Midabdominal or iliac crest