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Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of essential oil of Pelargonium odoratissimum

Published on Feb 1, 2011in Revista Brasileira De Farmacognosia-brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy1.754
· DOI :10.1590/S0102-695X2011005000009
Milene Aparecida Andrade9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UFLA: Universidade Federal de Lavras),
Maria das Graças Cardoso25
Estimated H-index: 25
(UFLA: Universidade Federal de Lavras)
+ 2 AuthorsDavid Lee Nelson15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UFMG: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais)
Abstract
The chemical composition of the essential oil from the leaves of Pelargonium odoratissimum (L.) L'Her., Geraniaceae, was determined and the antimicrobial activities against the Aspergillus flavus CML 1816, Aspergillus carbonarius CML1815 and Aspergillus parasiticus CMLA 817 fungi, as well the Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25 992 bacteria were evaluated. The essential oil was isolated by steam distillation using a modified Clevenger apparatus, and its constituents were identified and quantified by GC/MS and GC-FID analyses. In vitro bioanalytical testing was performed using a completely randomized design. The concentrations of essential oil employed ranged from 0.1 to 2 μL.mL-1 (in dimethyl sulfoxide) for the fungus species and from 1 to 500 μL.mL-1 for the bacteria. The diameters of the inhibition zones formed for bacteria and the mean diameters of mycelial growth in perpendicular directions for fungi were measured, followed by calculation of the percentage of inhibition. The essential oil from the leaves of P. odoratissimum furnished methyleugenol (96.80%), a phenylpropanoid. This essential oil inhibited the growth of fungi (100% inhibition) and exhibited a small effect on the bacteria at the concentrations tested.
  • References (11)
  • Citations (17)
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References11
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#2Ana Maria C. Hovell (UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)H-Index: 9
Last. Claudia M. Rezende (UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)H-Index: 21
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Essential oils are extracted by steam distillation of plants or cold pressing of citrus fruit pericarp. They are used in food, cosmetic, personal care and pharmaceutical industries. In Brazil, oils from orange and related products contribute to near 97% to the positive commercial performance of the sector. Predatory exploitation and the availability of new sources of raw materials, with more attracting prices, changed the paradigm. Prospective studies, sustainable use of Brazilian biodiversity, ...
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#1Alcilene de Abreu Pereira (UFLA: Universidade Federal de Lavras)H-Index: 2
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Objetivou-se avaliar o efeito inibitorio dos oleos essenciais de Cymbopogon citratus (capim-limao), Origanum vulgare (oregano) e Syzygium aromaticum (cravo-da-india); os experimentos foram realizados com as bacterias Staphylococcus aureus e Escherichia coli, importantes patogenos causadores de contaminacoes em queijos e outros alimentos. Para quantificacao e identificacao dos constituintes quimicos dos oleos, utilizou-se um cromatografo gasoso acoplado a um espectrometro de massa. Os resultados ...
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Summary The compositional profile of the essential oils isolated from Eugenia uniflora L. revealed the occurrence of an unusual sesquiterpene as the major compound. The volatile oils were characterized by the abundance of curzerene (19.7%), selina-1,3,7(11)-trien-8-one (17.8%), atractylone (16.9%) and furanodiene (9.6%) in the leaves; and germacrone (27.5%), selina-1,3,7(11)-trien-8-one (19.2%) curzerene (11.3%) and oxidoselina-1,3,7(11)-trien-8-one (11.0%) in the fruits. The two oils exhibited ...
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An important stage in tissue culture is the acclimatising of the in vitro grown plantlets to conditions outside the culture flask. Many plantlets succumb to fungal attack at this stage resulting in significant financial loss. The use of plant extracts as possible antifungal agents is of great interest in this regard. In a pilot study aqueous extracts of Tulbaghia violacea and Allium sativum (Alliaceae) were used to treat plantlets of Harpagophytum procumbens (devils claw) by pre-soaking plantlet...
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Abstract The chemical constituents of the essential oil Pelargonium graveolens leaves were analyzed by GC and GC-MS. Thirty compounds accounting for 99.1% of the oil were identified. The main components identified were citronellol (33.6%), geraniol (26.8%), linalool (10.5%), citronellyl formate (9.7%) and p -menthone (6.0%).
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The volatile oils of the leaves of two Pelargonium species, P. exstipulatum (Cav.) L'Herit. and P. odoratissimum (L.) L'Herit. (Geraniaceae) and a hybrid, P. × fragrans, were obtained by steam distillation and the chemical components were identified by capillary GC and GC–MS. Methyl eugenol was high in P. odoratissimum and P. × fragrans; fenchone and limonene was common in all three, whilst thujene and α-pinene were high in P. exstipulatum and P. fragrans, showing that the probable parents of th...
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