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Improving national cultural indices using a longitudinal meta-analysis of Hofstede's dimensions

Published on Jul 1, 2012in Journal of World Business5.789
· DOI :10.1016/j.jwb.2011.05.001
Vas Taras14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UNCG: University of North Carolina at Greensboro),
Piers Steel27
Estimated H-index: 27
(U of C: University of Calgary),
Bradley L. Kirkman39
Estimated H-index: 39
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
Abstract
This meta-analysis offers an updated set of national cultural scores along the dimensions of Hofstede's cultural framework. The meta-analytic national cultural indices have two advantages. First, they are based on a larger and more representative sample than that used in Hofstede's or any other cross-cultural comparison study. The data come from 451 empirical studies representing over 2000 samples comprising over half a million individuals from 49 countries and regions. Second, cultural change is addressed by offering separate sets of indices for different decades. This would be helpful in longitudinal studies of the interplay between culture and other phenomena. The meta-analytic indices are validated against a set of external criteria.
  • References (56)
  • Citations (183)
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The study of culture and cultural values continues to be hotly debated among cross-cultural researchers worldwide. Starting with the seminal work of Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck, and Hofstede, and continuing with more recent efforts, researchers have continued to develop and empirically examine cultural value frameworks in an attempt to understand how cultural differences affect work-related behaviors and attitudes. The purpose of this commentary is to briefly describe the interesting – and counteri...
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