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Improving national cultural indices using a longitudinal meta-analysis of Hofstede's dimensions

Published on Jul 1, 2012in Journal of World Business5.79
· DOI :10.1016/j.jwb.2011.05.001
Vas Taras15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UNCG: University of North Carolina at Greensboro),
Piers Steel26
Estimated H-index: 26
(U of C: University of Calgary),
Bradley L. Kirkman37
Estimated H-index: 37
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
Cite
Abstract
This meta-analysis offers an updated set of national cultural scores along the dimensions of Hofstede's cultural framework. The meta-analytic national cultural indices have two advantages. First, they are based on a larger and more representative sample than that used in Hofstede's or any other cross-cultural comparison study. The data come from 451 empirical studies representing over 2000 samples comprising over half a million individuals from 49 countries and regions. Second, cultural change is addressed by offering separate sets of indices for different decades. This would be helpful in longitudinal studies of the interplay between culture and other phenomena. The meta-analytic indices are validated against a set of external criteria.
  • References (55)
  • Citations (165)
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References55
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2011
Vasyl Taras1
Estimated H-index: 1
(U of C: University of Calgary)
After examining 121 instruments for measuring culture, we provide a historical overview and analyze how culture has been operationalized over the last half a century. Our study focuses on the topics of culture definition, dimensionality of culture models, collection and analysis of data for measuring culture, levels of culture measurement, issues of cross-cultural survey equivalence and the reliability and validity of culture measures. For each of these topics, we provide a review of existing ap...
Published on Oct 1, 2010in Journal of International Business Studies7.72
Vas Taras15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UNCG: University of North Carolina at Greensboro),
Piers Steel26
Estimated H-index: 26
(U of C: University of Calgary),
Bradley L. Kirkman37
Estimated H-index: 37
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
The study of culture and cultural values continues to be hotly debated among cross-cultural researchers worldwide. Starting with the seminal work of Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck, and Hofstede, and continuing with more recent efforts, researchers have continued to develop and empirically examine cultural value frameworks in an attempt to understand how cultural differences affect work-related behaviors and attitudes. The purpose of this commentary is to briefly describe the interesting – and counteri...
Published on Sep 1, 2010in Journal of International Management2.83
Piers Steel26
Estimated H-index: 26
(U of C: University of Calgary),
Vasyl Taras5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UNCG: University of North Carolina at Greensboro)
Culture as a consequence is a neglected topic. Addressing this, we explore what factors are related to and potentially shape culture, what explains cultural variations within countries, and what the relationship is between cultural values at the individual and national levels. To answer these questions, we use a multi-level multivariate meta-analysis of 508 studies. The findings indicate that national and individual cultural values may be determined by the micro characteristics of age, gender, e...
Published on Jan 1, 2010in Journal of Applied Psychology5.07
Piers Steel26
Estimated H-index: 26
(U of C: University of Calgary),
Vas Taras15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UNCG: University of North Carolina at Greensboro),
Bradley L. Kirkman37
Estimated H-index: 37
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
Using data from 598 studies representing over 200,000 individuals, we meta-analyzed the relationship between G. Hofstede‘s (1980a) original 4 cultural value dimensions and a variety of organizationally relevant outcomes. First, values predict outcomes with similar strength (with an overall absolute weighted effect size of ? = 0.18) at the individual level of analysis. Second, the predictive power of the cultural values was significantly lower than that of personality traits and demographics for ...
Published on Dec 1, 2009in Journal of International Management2.83
Vas Taras15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UNCG: University of North Carolina at Greensboro),
J.I.A. Rowney9
Estimated H-index: 9
(U of C: University of Calgary),
Piers Steel26
Estimated H-index: 26
(U of C: University of Calgary)
After examining 121 instruments for measuring culture, we provide a historical overview and analyze how culture has been operationalized over the last half a century. Our study focuses on the topics of culture definition, dimensionality of culture models, collection and analysis of data for measuring culture, levels of culture measurement, issues of cross-cultural survey equivalence and the reliability and validity of culture measures. For each of these topics, we provide a review of existing ap...
Published on Sep 1, 2009in Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology1.42
Thomas W. H. Ng40
Estimated H-index: 40
(HKU: University of Hong Kong),
Kelly L. Sorensen7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UGA: University of Georgia),
Frederick Hong-kit Yim13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Akron)
The purpose of this study is to examine whether culture moderates the relationship between job satisfaction and job performance. Multiple theoretical frameworks regarding culture are used as the theoretical guide. Based on meta-analytical moderator tests, the authors find some support for their hypotheses that the effect size for the job satisfaction—job performance relationship is likely to be stronger in individualistic (vs. collectivistic) cultures, in low-power-distance (vs. high-power-dista...
Published on Jun 5, 2009in Journal of Indian Business Research
Grishma Shah2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Manhattan College)
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of economic globalization on work and family collectivism for young middle class Indians.Design/methodology/approach – The study surveys more than 1,000 individuals living in globalized and lesser‐globalized cities in India. The data are analyzed using factor analysis, independent sample t‐tests and multiple regressions.Findings – Results suggest that in an increasingly globalizing India, young Indians will strive to preserve tradition...
Published on Mar 1, 2009in Journal of International Management2.83
Subrata Chakrabarty13
Estimated H-index: 13
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
There is considerable variation across countries in both the extent to which large publicly listed firms are family-owned and the dominance of such family-owned firms in stock markets. The literature presents competing theoretical viewpoints on what influences such country-level variation. On one hand, institutional economists suggest that institutional voids can have a strong influence. On the other hand, cultural sociologists suggest that a country's culture can have a strong influence. One ty...
Published on Jan 1, 2009
Cheryl Nakata23
Estimated H-index: 23
PART I INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW 1. Going Beyond Hofstede: Why We Need to and How C.Nakata PART II REVIEWS AND CRITIQUES OF CULTURE FRAMEWORKS So What Kind of Atheist Are You? Exploring Cultural Universals and Differences P.Christopher Earley Beyond Hofstede: Challenging the Ten Commandments of Cross-Cultural Research V.Taras & P.Steel Culture Theories in Global Marketing: A Literature-Based Assessment C.Nakata & E.Izberk-Bilgin PART III CONCEPTUALIZATIONS OF THE CULTURE PROBLEM Culture in Conte...
Published on Jan 1, 2008in Psychological Bulletin16.41
Piers Steel26
Estimated H-index: 26
(U of C: University of Calgary),
Joseph A. Schmidt5
Estimated H-index: 5
(U of C: University of Calgary),
Jonas Shultz3
Estimated H-index: 3
(U of C: University of Calgary)
Understanding subjective well-being (SWB) has historically been a core human endeavor and presently spans fields from management to mental health. Previous meta-analyses have indicated that personality traits are one of the best predictors. Still, these past results indicate only a moderate relationship, weaker than suggested by several lines of reasoning. This may be because of commensurability, where researchers have grouped together substantively disparate measures in their analyses. In this ...
Cited By165
Newest
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Journal of World Business5.79
Ratan J. S. Dheer2
Estimated H-index: 2
(EMU: Eastern Michigan University),
Mingxiang Li (FAU: Florida Atlantic University), Len J. Treviño1
Estimated H-index: 1
(FAU: Florida Atlantic University)
Abstract Although female entrepreneurship contributes to the economic growth of nations, women are less likely to start new ventures compared to men. This gap, however, varies considerably across nations, suggesting that environmental factors play a role in explaining it. We employ the cross-cultural cognitive model of new venture creation to elucidate this variance. Based on data from 45 nations, we find that, while women and men differ pan-culturally in their likelihood to start new ventures, ...
Published on 2019in Scientometrics2.77
Cristina López-Duarte11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Oviedo),
Marta Suárez16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Oviedo),
Belén González Díaz5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Oviedo)
Cross-national distance among countries has been of central interest in International Business and Management research. Therefore, different efforts have been made to develop models/measurements to address this issue. In this article we identify the models/measurements of cross-national distance developed since the beginning of the 2000 decade. After briefly presenting each model’s distinctive features, we assess their impact on the research field based on a wide range of bibliometric techniques...
Published on Sep 19, 2019in Journal of Nursing Scholarship2.54
Luk Bruyneel15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven),
Emmanuel Lesaffre54
Estimated H-index: 54
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
+ 1 AuthorsWalter Sermeus36
Estimated H-index: 36
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
Published on Sep 3, 2019in Cross-Cultural Research1.32
Wendelien van Eerde15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UvA: University of Amsterdam),
Sana Azar (Lahore School of Economics)
In this study, we extend the research on lateness for meetings and appointments by taking a cultural norms perspective among South African (n = 76), Dutch (n = 86), and Pakistani (n = 83) responden...
Published on Sep 5, 2018in Journal of Happiness Studies2.51
Maria Christina Meyers7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Byron G. Adams9
Estimated H-index: 9
+ 5 AuthorsM. van Woerkom
Prior research in Western contexts has pointed to the benefits of supporting employees in the use of their personal strengths at work. This manuscript aims to investigate the invariance of the relationship between employees’ perceived organizational support for the use of their strengths and their well-being (work engagement, burnout, and satisfaction with life) across countries. To this end, we collected a cross-sectional sample of n = 1894 working individuals from five different countries (Ger...
Published on Mar 25, 2018in Journal of Career Development1.43
Yamini Bellare1
Estimated H-index: 1
(BSU: Ball State University),
Rinat Michael4
Estimated H-index: 4
(TAU: Tel Aviv University)
+ 4 AuthorsYuri Choi (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
Future perceptions consist of an individual’s ambition, view of future events, and plan for life domains. Such perceptions can predict and shape a person’s career development and motivate to pursue and achieve goals in different life roles. Research on emerging adults’ perceptions has important implications for career professionals assisting this population. In this study, the authors investigated the future perceptions of 49 U.S. and 39 Israeli emerging adult university males using thematic ana...
View next paperHofstede’s Model of National Cultural Differences and their Consequences: A Triumph of Faith - a Failure of Analysis