Mind-Set Interventions Are a Scalable Treatment for Academic Underachievement

Published on Jun 1, 2015in The Holocene2.55
· DOI :10.1177/0956797615571017
David Paunesku6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Stanford University),
Gregory M. Walton30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Stanford University)
+ 3 AuthorsCarol S. Dweck80
Estimated H-index: 80
(Stanford University)
The efficacy of academic-mind-set interventions has been demonstrated by small-scale, proof-of-concept interventions, generally delivered in person in one school at a time. Whether this approach could be a practical way to raise school achievement on a large scale remains unknown. We therefore delivered brief growth-mind-set and sense-of-purpose interventions through online modules to 1,594 students in 13 geographically diverse high schools. Both interventions were intended to help students persist when they experienced academic difficulty; thus, both were predicted to be most beneficial for poorly performing students. This was the case. Among students at risk of dropping out of high school (one third of the sample), each intervention raised students’ semester grade point averages in core academic courses and increased the rate at which students performed satisfactorily in core courses by 6.4 percentage points. We discuss implications for the pipeline from theory to practice and for education reform.
Figures & Tables
  • References (35)
  • Citations (229)
#1Paul Hanselman (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 7
#2Sarah K. Bruch (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 7
Last.Geoffrey D. Borman (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 29
view all 4 authors...
#1David S. Yeager (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 24
#2Marlone Deshaun Henderson (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 17
Last.Angela L. Duckworth (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 42
view all 7 authors...
#1Jeni L. Burnette (UR: University of Richmond)H-Index: 17
#2Ernest H. O'Boyle (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 17
Last.Eli J. Finkel (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 48
view all 5 authors...
#1David K. Sherman (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 31
#2Kimberly A. Hartson (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 4
Last.Geoffrey L. Cohen (Stanford University)H-Index: 40
view all 9 authors...
#1Jay L. Michaels (Presbyterian College)H-Index: 4
#2Steven S. Parkin (FAU: Florida Atlantic University)H-Index: 1
Last.Robin R. Vallacher (FAU: Florida Atlantic University)H-Index: 30
view all 3 authors...
Cited By229
#1Stephanie S. Moore (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 1
#2Carissa J. Schmidt (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 2
Last.Marc A. Zimmerman (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 65
view all 5 authors...
#1Nancy Berenice Ortiz Alvarado (EGADE Business School)
#2Marisol Rodríguez Ontiveros (EGADE Business School)
Last.Edgardo Arturo Ayala Gaytán (Tec: Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education)H-Index: 3
view all 3 authors...
#1Pamela Cantor (Harvard University)H-Index: 2
#2David Osher (AIR: American Institutes for Research)H-Index: 18
Last.Todd Rose (Harvard University)H-Index: 2
view all 5 authors...
#1Janet M. Dubinsky (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 24
#2S. Selcen Guzey (Purdue University)H-Index: 8
Last.Janice L. Cooper (Carter Center)H-Index: 12
view all 13 authors...
View next paperMind-Sets Matter: A Meta-Analytic Review of Implicit Theories and Self-Regulation